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Copy of PDMS-2
Transcript of Copy of PDMS-2
Where do I find the PDMS-2?
Examiner record booklet ($85.00)
Examiner manual ($97.00)
Guide to Item Administration ($111.00)
Motor Activities Program ($97.00)
Object Kit ($85.00)
1 year subscription to online scoring & report system ($199.00)
Parents Charts ($25.00)
Motor Scales Complete test ($430.00)
Motor Scales full color chart ($32.00)
Shape Cards/ BML kit ($19.00)
Purpose of PDMS-2
Measure of gross and fine motor skills in children ages birth to 5
To help find the quotient for both fine & gross motor skills
To find the percentile the child fits in; do they qualify for special services?
Create goals for problem areas
Reflexes, Stationary (body control and equilibrium), Locomotion, Object Manipulation, Grasping, Visual-Motor Integration
Austin: Pro-Ed, 2000. Print.
Barton, A., English, S. PE for Preemies involving families and other team members [power point slides]. Retrieved from University of South Carolina School of Medicine website: http://uscm.med.sc.edu/tecs/Ann.ppt.
Cools, W., Marlelaer, K. D., Samaey, C., & Andries, C. (2009). Movement skill assessment of typically developing preschool children: A review of seven movement skill assessment tools. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8, 154-168. Retrieved September 9, 2013, from http://www.jssm.org/vo18/n2/1/v8n2-1pdf.pdf.
Folio, M. Rhonda. PDMS-2: Peabody Developmental Motor Scales. 2nd ed.
Included in kit:
1 black shoelace, 6 square beads, 12 cubes, one bottle with screw on cap, one large button strip, one pegboard, 3 pegs, one foam board, 3 foam shapes, 1 lacing card, 1 measuring tape, 1 roll masking tape (2 inch width), blackline masters, and 3 shape cards.
Materials not provided but needed:
Rattle, cup, soft plush toy, spoon, small toy on string, washcloth, empty soft drink can, 10-15 sheets of paper (8 1/2 by 11 inches), 8-inch ball, pencils, crayons, markers, tennis ball, blunt scissors, large pull toy (ex:wagon), book with thick cover pages, food pellets (ex: cereal), 4-5 feet of heavy string or rope, stairs with 7-inch rise, stop watch, sturdy object 6-12 inches high, mat.
Scores of 2, 1, and 0 are used
A score of 2 means that the child performs the item according to the criteria for mastery
A score of 1 means that the child demonstrated a clear resemblance to mastery but did not fully meet the requirements
A score of 0 means that the child cannot or will not attempt the activity or the attempt did not show the skill
Completing the full assessment takes 45- 60 minutes
To complete only a subtest such as the gross motor composite, or fine motor composite, would normally only take 20-30 minutes.
Administration time kept to a minimum by choosing selected items to administer to each individual child
Administering test to children with disabilities, short attention span, etc. can effect length of assessment
Must be administered exactly as specified to ensure validity of the assessment
Provides examiner with a description of every item, picture of the activity, and scoring explanations
Instructions may be repeated up to 3 times
The child's age determines which subtest to start at
Note: The reflex subtest is only done on children who are younger than 1 year old
Shorten length of assessment
Entry points allow test to begin on items where the child can succeed
Basal levels occur when the child received a score of 2 on 3 items in a row
Ceiling levels occur when the child scores 0 on 3 items in a row; once established, testing is discontinued
Entry points, basal levels, and ceiling levels are used on 5 out of the 6 subtests. They include stationary, locomotion, object manipulation, grasping, and visual motor integration
Reliability & Validity
Is the assessment accurate?
PDMS-2 has a high degree of reliability
All of the quotients exceed .90
All subtests except for stationary have coefficient alphas of .90 or above (range from .89-.96)
Gross Motor Composites- .96
Fine Motor Composites- .96
Total Motor Composites- .97
Does the assessment measure what it is supposed to?
Ranged from .29-.75
No expectations from 16 to 42 months in grasp so this could be the result of such a low coefficient (.29).
No specific certification required
Understanding of statistics
Procedures of test administration, scoring, and interpretation
Information on gross and fine motor testing
Development in children (abnormal/normal)
Supervised practice in administering and interpreting assessments
Training acquired by college courses devoted to assessment (OT, PT, special education, PE, etc.)
Usefulness in OT
Gross and Fine Motor abilities
Diagnostic criteria is assessed to determine if a child's motor abilities compare
Skill deficits can be identified and turned into goals
Evaluate the child's progress
Study motor development in various population of children
Valid and highly reliable measure
Discriminates motor problems from normal development
Ex: Children who are "average" and those expected to be below average
Helps in diagnosing
Assess motor areas/ not global
Not responsive to change in children with severe physical disabilities
Culturally sensitive to the United States
Sample consists of 2,003 persons residing in 46 states and 1 Canadian providence
What does the PDMS-2 measure?
Gross and fine motor skills of children ages birth to 5 years old
What are the 6 subtests used for this assessment?
Locomotion, stationary, reflexes and objective manipulation, visual-motor, and grasping
Is there any training required for this assessment?
No specific certification required
Understanding of statistics
Understanding of the development of children