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Story elements

Watch this OVER AND OVER AGAIN to get your head around STORY ELEMENTS in Narrative texts!!!

Steve Reiher

on 4 February 2012

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Transcript of Story elements


You should be able to talk about all 7 story
elements and how they relate to BOTH texts
And one more thing...
1. Narrative Progression
2. Cause and
3. Character
6. Multiple Storylines
The opening, development and resolution of
the narrative
The Opening Sequence:
-Physical and Historical Setting is established
-Characters introduced
-Narrative possibilities begin
-Relationship between characters is revealed
The Development:
-Continuation from Opening Sequence
-"Middle/Main" section of Narrative
-Often changes in character relationships
-new characters may be introduced
-new narrative possibilities
-genre usually influences development
-Point of climax
-Questions answered
-Problem solved
The Cause and Effect of things happening. One
thing causes
another and
so on...
Cause and Effect
-How characters' decisions and motivations drive the story.
-Cause and Effect creates drama
-Can be presented as non-sequential

THINK: "chain reaction" "domino effect"
establishment and development of and relationships between characters
Character Development:
-How the character is revealed to the audience
-Shows stengths, weaknesses, personality, beliefs of character
-Sometimes a detailed account of a character is revealed at the start of a movie. It may be like a flashback or diary entry.
-A voice-over from the character may be used.
-A character often changes significantly from the opening sequence
-THINK: How does the character change over the course of the film? How is character development revealed to the audience?
4. P.O.V
Point of View

point/s of view from which the narrative is presented
Point of View
Which character(s) has the filmmaker used to tell the story?
From whose POINT OF VIEW are we looking through the eyes of?

The leading character or a major character in a drama, movie, novel, or other fictional text is called THE PROTAGONIST.

Sometimes a narrative can be seen from more than one character's point of view,

Often Genre will determine POV.
5. Setting
the function of setting in the narrative
-Planet, country, city, street, building, room...+YEAR?
-Setting can contribute to character development
-Setting makes story more believable
-Audience expectations for setting can be determined by genre

THINK: TIME (as in Historical Period) and PLACE
How does the setting relate to the narrative? How does setting help engage the audience?
the relationship between
multiple storylines
The Relationship between Multiple Storylines
-Often a narrative does not just follow one storyline.
-Concurrent, other story developments take place
-Sometimes they overlap with main story, sometimes not.
-Often multiple storylines contribute to narrative possibilities.

THINK: What other "mini-stories" are happening in the narrative? How so they relate to the main storyline?
7. Structuring of Time
the structuring of time and its impact on narrative progression
The Structuring of Time
-Movies are not usually seen in real time
-Flashbacks, dream sequences or Flash Forwards may occur.
-Slow motion and fast motion are used
-Linear timelines do not deviate. All scenes are shown in correct order. Often filmmakers use non-linear timelines.
THINK: How has the filmmaker shown that time has passed? How does the audience know what time period is what?
1. Opening, development, conclusion
2. Cause and Effect
3. Character Relationships
4. Points of View
5. Setting
6. Multiple Storylines
7. Time
by Mr Reiher
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