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History, Literacy, and Citizenship

Democracy Prep: January 18, 2013
by

Robert Pondiscio

on 29 October 2016

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Transcript of History, Literacy, and Citizenship

“We will achieve a just and prosperous society only when our schools ensure that everyone commands enough shared knowledge to communicate effectively with everyone else.” — E.D. Hirsch, Jr., The Knowledge Deficit
“It’s an amazing event for our students who are under 18.
They see Obama and say, ‘This is a president who looks like
me, I can be president.'”
"For us, they packed up their few worldly possessions and traveled across oceans in search of a new life. For us, they toiled in sweatshops and settled the West, endured the lash of the whip and plowed the hard earth.

"For us, they fought and died in places Concord and Gettysburg; Normandy and Khe Sanh."
"Our Founding Fathers, faced with perils that we can scarcely imagine, drafted a charter to assure the rule of law and the rights of man -- a charter expanded by the blood of generations."
Knowledge Matters
"For us, they packed up their few worldly possessions
and traveled across oceans in search of a new life...."
"I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character."
History, Literacy, and Citizenship
“Mere facts aren’t important. We should stress critical thinking.”
“The goal of education is to learn how to learn.”
“Teach students to think. You can always look up information”
“It doesn’t make sense to focus on knowledge in the era of Google.”
“There is a consensus in cognitive psychology that it takes knowledge to gain knowledge. Yes, the Internet has placed a wealth of information at our fingertips. But to be able to use that information—to absorb it, to add to our knowledge—we must already possess a storehouse of knowledge. That is the paradox disclosed by cognitive research.”
University of Connecticut Study:

•All 25 students fell for the Internet hoax;
•All but one of the 25 rated the site as “very credible;”
•Most struggled when asked to produce proof – or even clues – that the web site was false, even after the UConn researchers told them it was; and
•Some of the students still insisted vehemently that the Pacific Northwest Tree Octopus really exists.
“Factual knowledge precedes skill.”
“If you don’t think that most of our students are gaining very deep knowledge of core subjects—and you shouldn’t—then there is not much point in calling for more emphasis on analysis and critical thinking unless you take the content problem seriously. You can’t have one without the other.”
Daniel T. Willingham
College Readiness?

"Newly released ACT scores on tests used for college admissions show that only 1 in 4 graduates of the class of 2011 who took the exam met four key benchmarks that supposedly show readiness for success in the first year of college."
Washington Post, Aug. 17, 2011.
“One month into this new world of higher education, Cedric Jennings’ chin is barely above the waterline. So many class discussions are full of references he doesn’t understand—he often feels like one of those Asian kids he sees in the math lab who can barely speak English but can integrate fractions at blinding speed. By now he understands that Maura knows what to write on her pad and the sleepers will be able to skim the required readings, all of them guided by some mysterious encoded knowledge of history, economics, and education, of culture and social events, that they picked up in school or at home or God knows where."
Ron Suskind, "A Hope in the Unseen."
“Classroom instruction in online reading and other new literacies is woefully lacking."
1. In-house resource on civic education

2. Talk about content-based literacy.

3. Evangelize for the civic mission of DPPS
Education Reform
Charter schools
Teacher Quality
Accountability
Testing
Tenure
School Choice
Performance Pay
Vouchers
Extended Learning Time
Common Standards
How many amendments does the Constitution have?

What is one right or freedom guaranteed by the First Amendment?

What are two ways Americans can participate in their democracy?
School! What is it good for?
"A republic, madam. If you can keep it..."
“Well, Doctor, what have we got, a republic or a monarchy?”
“The advancement and diffusion of knowledge is the only guardian of true liberty.” - James Madison
Test Scores...
Decoding is the ability to apply your knowledge of letter-sound relationships, including knowledge of letter patterns, to correctly pronounce written words. Understanding these relationships gives children the ability to recognize familiar words quickly and to figure out words they haven't seen before.
de·code /dikōd/
"I read it. But I didn't get it..."
READING STRATEGIES

Determine your purpose for reading

Find the main idea

Visualize

Make predictions

Make a text-to-self connection

Make a text-to-world connection
“History? Well, sure but first we have
to teach kids how to read....”
Reading is NOT a "skill."
1) rigfap
2) churbit
3) napsate
4) pagbo
5) plizzle
`Twas brillig, and the slithy toves did gyre and gimble in the wabe.
"A-Rod hit into a 6-4-3 double play to end the game."
The procedure is actually quite simple. First you arrange things into different groups depending on their makeup. Of course, one pile may be sufficient depending on how much there is to do. If you have to go somewhere else due to lack of facilities that is the next step, otherwise you are pretty well set. It is important not to overdo any particular endeavor. That is, it is better to do too few things at once than too many. In the short run this may not seem important, but complications from doing too many can easily arise. A mistake can be expensive as well. The manipulation of the appropriate mechanisms should be self-explanatory, and we need not dwell on it here. At first the whole procedure will seem complicated. Soon, however, it will become just another facet of life. It is difficult to foresee any end to the necessity for this task in the immediate future, but then one never can tell.
"The procedure is actually quite simple. First you arrange things into different groups depending on their makeup. Of course, one pile may be sufficient depending on how much there is to do. If you have to go somewhere else due to lack of facilities that is the next step, otherwise you are pretty well set. It is important not to overdo any particular endeavor. That is, it is better to do too few things at once than too many. In the short run this may not seem important, but complications from doing too many can easily arise. A mistake can be expensive as well. The manipulation of the appropriate mechanisms should be self-explanatory, and we need not dwell on it here. At first the whole procedure will seem complicated. Soon, however, it will become just another facet of life. It is difficult to foresee any end to the necessity for this task in the immediate future, but then one never can tell."
Washing Clothes
Thus, as the final day dawned and a near capacity crowd lustily cheered every run Australia mustered, much depended on Ponting and the new wizard of Oz, Mike Hussey, the two overnight batsmen. But this duo perished either side of lunch – the latter a little unfortunate to be adjudged leg-before – and with Andrew Symonds, too, being shown the dreaded finger off an inside edge, the inevitable beckoned, bar the pyrotechnics of Michael Clarke and the ninth wicket."
Determine the authors purpose?

Make a connection??

Visualize???
Thus, as the final day dawned and a near capacity crowd lustily cheered every run Australia mustered, much depended on Ponting and the new wizard of Oz, Mike Hussey, the two overnight batsmen. But this duo perished either side of lunch – the latter a little unfortunate to be adjudged leg-before – and with Andrew Symonds, too, being shown the dreaded finger off an inside edge, the inevitable beckoned, bar the pyrotechnics of Michael Clarke and the ninth wicket.
WTF??!?!?

Thus, as the final day dawned and a near capacity crowd lustily cheered every run Australia mustered, much depended on Ponting and the new wizard of Oz, Mike Hussey, the two overnight batsmen. But this duo perished either side of lunch – the latter a little unfortunate to be adjudged leg-before – and with Andrew Symonds, too, being shown the dreaded finger off an inside edge, the inevitable beckoned, bar the pyrotechnics of Michael Clarke and the ninth wicket."
Listen....
ex·per·i·ment [ek-sper-uh-ment]
Decoding is a "transferable skill."

But comprehension is NOT.
Bronx Prep: August 8, 2014
Make Katie Care..
Thus, as the final day dawned and a near capacity crowd lustily cheered every run Australia mustered, much depended on Ponting and the new wizard of Oz, Mike Hussey, the two overnight batsmen. But this duo perished either side of lunch – the latter a little unfortunate to be adjudged leg-before – and with Andrew Symonds, too, being shown the dreaded finger off an inside edge, the inevitable beckoned, bar the pyrotechnics of Michael Clarke and the ninth wicket.

...systems of education should be adopted and pursued which may not only diffuse a knowledge of the sciences but may implant in the minds of the American youth the principles of virtue and of liberty and inspire them with just and liberal ideas of government and with an inviolable attachment to their own country

Noah Webster "On Education of Youth in America."
The American Common School
"The public purpose of education is citizenship first."
Metacognition....
Kelvinic University branch of the Wild Haggis Conservation Society?
Greenpeas.org
Natural predators: bald eagle and sasquatch??!?
Full transcript