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Music

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Katie McKenney

on 19 April 2014

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Transcript of Music

Quality of Life in Older Adults
Two Nuclei Accumben located in the brain
Responsibilities:
1. Motivation
2. Pleasure
3. Addiction
"Pleasure Center"

Nucleus Accumbens
Music lessons and IQ for 6-11 year olds
Variables
Academic Performance

Links between Music and Intelligence
Passive listening to music
Formal music lessons

Conclusion of study
Music lessons help with cognitive abilities
children with high IQ take music lessons
Music Lessons and IQ
Moods
Perceived quality of life
Physical well-being
Environment
Psychological well-being
Social Relationships
Quality of life also includes
life satisfaction
Meaning of life
sense of purpose
successful aging
well-being
wellness
Influence on quality of life
Music
Quality of Life in Older Adults
Music
MUSIC & THE BRAIN
How music effects our moods
References
All kinds of music
Penn State University study
Music diaries
Intensified positive emotions
Music students vs. Psychology students
Preference of rock
Useful for burn, cancer, and multiple sclerosis who are also depressed.
Music, Attention, & Learning
Pairing music with rhythm and pitch enhances learning and recall
Helps with attention problems
Use as reward for desired behavior
Enhances attention to boring academic tasks
Helps organize activities
Promote social behavior & decrease impulsive behavior
Anxiety
Reduces anxiety in the elderly, new mothers and children
Used in:
dental offices
preoperative rooms
radiation therapy
Calming music contributes to calmer moods
Can be combined with cognitive therapy to lower anxiety more effectively than conventional therapy alone.
Delta & theta rhythms
best without distractions
driving, reading, cooking, etc.
Sleep & Stress
Listening to soothing music helps you fall asleep
example: babies
Fast tempo= morning
Lullabies= night
Calming music help soothe stress away
Decrease irritability & promote calmness for patients with dementia.
Music widely chosen can lower stress hormone levels
High volume music can induce stress
Choose your music intake as carefully as you choose your friends!
http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/news/20031022/music-improves-mood
http://www.healthychildren.org/English/healthy-living/emotionalwellness/pages/music-and-mood.aspx
www.youtube.com/watch?v=bipE0LsYmv0
Music & Personality
What your musical preferences say about you.
Important Concepts
STOMP- Short Test of Music Preferences
- Includes four categories : reflective and complex, intense and rebellious, upbeat and conventional, and, energetic and rhythmic.
Extroversion: the tendency to be social, talkative or the center of attention, more reliant on social interaction.
Introversion: the tendency to be solitary, contemplative, less reliant on social interaction.
Affective Empathy: the vicarious and largely instinctive feeling of anothers feelings or pain.
Cognitive Empathy: the active imagining of anothers experience or point of view.
Music Preference and Empathy
The Reflective and Complex, and, Intense and Rebellious STOMP categories are connected to higher overall empathy.
Females tested higher in cognitive empathy than males.
The Upbeat and Conventional category is linked to lower empathy
No significant difference in affective empathy
- Classical, Blues, folk, Jazz, Alternative, Rock, Heavy Metal
The Big 5 Personality Traits & Music Preferences
The Big 5
Neuroticism - (sensitive/nervous) vs. (secure/confident)
Extroversion - (outgoing/energetic) vs. (solitary/reserved)
Agreeableness - (friendly/compassionate) vs. (analytical/detached)
Conscientiousness - (efficient/organized) vs. (easy-going/careless)
Openness to experience - (inventive/curious) vs. (consistent/cautious)
Dopamine
A Neurotransmitter produced by the brain
Linked with brains complex system of reward and motivation
Nucleus Accumbens + Dopamine = $$$$$
Flanagan thoughts on Music
Responses to music
listening
playing
Being apart of a Group
Wind band
choir
amateur musicians
Superior Temporal Gyrus
Responsible for processing sounds
Connected with the nucleus accumbens
Template storage
Says Who?
Dr. Valorie Niloufar Salimpoor
1. multivariate connectivity
2. neuro-economics

Daniel Abrams
1. symphonies/ Baroque period
2. brain regions activated
3. resulting theory



Striatum
Plays a role in cognitive functions
Reward Pathway
provides the body or mind with a reward
Auditory Cortex
Processes sensory information in the form of a sound
Wilder Penfield
1. electrical stimulation = music
Imagination
Cortisol
Hormone produced by the body
Stress related?
Melatonin
Hormone that regulates the sleep wake cycle
Relaxation
Just Beat It
60 beats per minute
Left = Information
Right = Music
Georgi Lozanov
60 beats = retention
Log Question
Approximately how many hours a week do you listen to music? Does your mood influence what type of genre you listen to?

The Big 5 Personality Traits & Music Preferences
Openness to experience correlated with enjoying complex music.
Extroverts liked happy music.
Backgound use of music also correlated with happy music
Males preferred to use music for cognitive reasons
http://iis.bhsu.edu:2054/psycarticles/docview/1492503751/6A3FA4447B614C2EPQ/1?accountid=9609
http://iis.bhsu.edu:2054/psycarticles/docview/921567652/6A3FA4447B614C2EPQ/16?accountid=9609
-Country, Religious, Pop, Soundtracks & Theme
Harmony Project
http://iis.bhsu.edu:2054/psycarticles/docview/614444390/TextPlusGraphics B3F466A0F6024F16PQ/6?accountid=9609
http://iis.bhsu.edu:2054/psycarticles/docview/1017623139/TextPlusGraphics/95674D27B8EE45E1PQ/8?accountid=9609
Psychology of Music Community
Herman von Helmholtz- Start of empirical research

John Sloboda-
The Musical Mind


Lola Cuddy- Doctoral thesis on training memory for musical tones

Roger Shepard- "Shepard Tones"
Growth
Psychology periodical articles or books mentioned music
1929-1938: 753
1948: 584
1958: 449
1968: 598
1999-2008: approx. 860 per year
Year Event

1967 Founding of Systematic Musicology division
with Psychomusicology degree program in School of Music, University of Washington

1972 Founding of SEMPRE (Society for Education, Music and Psychology Research, formerly SRPMME, 2 conferences a year including biennial
international conference)

1973 Psychology of Music-—the SEMPRE journal

1979 Founding of Center for Music Research at Florida State University

1981 Ann Arbor Symposium on the applications of psychology to the teaching and learning of music, out of which developed

1981 Psychomusicology: A Journal of Music Cognition

1983 Music Perception

1983 Jahrbuch Musikpsychologie

1983 Gesellschaft für Musikpsychologie [Society for Music Psychology] (annual conferences)

1986 Formation of the Music Cognition Group of the Society for Music Theory (SMT)

1988 Founding of JSMPC (Japanese Society for Music Perception and Cognition)

1989 First International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition (ICMPC) (biennial)

1990 Founding of SMPC (Society for Music Perception and Cognition, biennial conferences)

1990 Founding of ESCOM (European Society for Cognition of Music, triennial conferences)

1997 Musicae Scientiae [in conjunction with ESCOM]

2001 Music & Neuroscience (triennial conference)
Cohen, A. J. (2009). Autobiography and psychomusicology: Introduction to the special issue “A history of music psychology in autobiography”. Psychomusicology: Music, Mind and Brain, 20(1-2), 10-17.

Graziano, A. B. (2009). Music psychology: The building of a community. Psychomusicology: Music, Mind and Brain, 20(1-2), 158-162
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