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Cause And Effect
Transcript of Cause And Effect
The purpose of the cause and effect essay is to analyze the links between causes and effects.
To challenge and spark readers to think and open their minds to the why.
Ice Age Scat's Continental Crack up
Cause and effect
Cause and effect essays explore WHY things happen and what happens as a result.
A Person or thing that gives
, where something or someone
A Student writes an assessment, the following week the student receives his or her assessment back from the teacher. The mark the student receives from the Assessment is bad.
Something that is
, where this is the
of something that has
: A Student writes an assessment receives it and sees that hes gotten a bad mark. Later that month he also receives his progress report and realizes that his mark was lower than before.
so the writer can spark the reader to further question about the situation
drawn from the causes
between causes and effects
Questions On Meaning
1: What do you take to be Vidal's main purpose in writing this essay? How well does he accomplishes it?
2: For what reason, according to Vidal is it unlikely that our drug laws will be eased? can you suggest other possible reasons why the bureau of Narcotics favors strict drug laws?
3: Vidal's essay was first published three decades ago. Do you find the views expressed in it still timely, or out of date?
There are multiple types of cause and effect essays.
Cause And Effect
" Nothings random even if it looks that way, its just because you dont know the causes"
Johnny rich, The Human Script
One cause multiple effects
Multiple Causes, One effect.
This type of cause and effect structure looks at the
ways or causes that can lead to one effect.
Obesity is from
lack of self control
lack of proper education on nutrition
widespread fast food chain restaurants
and the tragic deaths of Romeo and Juliet
This type of Cause and Effect Essay focuses on
The Domino effect or the
begins with one
This cause then begins a
chain of events
that ultimately lead to the
Provide all needed
for your topic
argument and the purpose
of the essay (thesis)
This type of cause and effect structure looks at how
You should use appropriate
consequently, as a result, thus, resulted in, one result is, another is, therefore
of this structure could be how watching too much TV can be bad for you. - you develop eating disorders, it puts too much stress on your eyes and it may affect your communication skills.
"It is possible to stop most drug addictions in the United States within a very short time" (P1)
"Simply make all drugs available and sell them at a cost"(P1)
"Label each drug with a precise description of what effect - good and bad - will have on the taker."(P1)
Drugs by Gore Vidal
This is an example of a cause and effect essay
Gore Vidal uses his language skills to demand the legalization of marijuana and other narcotics
U.S government and citizens
To convince the benefits that come with legalizing the drugs.
Structure of the body paragraphs depends on the
of cause and effect essays
Split up into
legalizing all drugs for a cost
No more money made in the mafia
No Bureau of Narcotics
No "friendly playground pushers"
government doesn't have to waste time on war against drugs
Questions On Writing Strategy
1: How would you characterize Vidal's Humour? Find some examples of it
2: Where in the essay does Vidal appear to anticipate the response of his Audience? How can you tell?
3: What function do the essay's Rhetorical Questions Perform?
4: Other methods. Study Vidal's use of example in paragraphs 8-10. Does the example of the U.S government's role in heroin deaths effectively support Vidal's point that restricting drug use does not work? Is Vidal guilty here of over simplification?
Not legalizing drugs
Addicts commit crimes to get their fix
getting rid of a certain drug can get people hooked onto a more dangerous one
can lead to prohibition, prohibition led to crimes in the past.
Drugs by Gore Vidal (duo-tang essay)
Description of "cause"
What the specific conditions are.
Certain illustrations of these conditions.
How these specific illustrations represent other situations.
"Along with exhortation and warning, it might be good for our citizens to recall (or learn for the first time) that the United States was the creation of man who believed that each man has the right to do what he wants with his own life as long as he does not interfere with his neighbor's pursuit of happiness"(P3)
Description of "effect"
What the specific effect is
How we get from specific condition to effect
Illustrations and descriptions and how they represent the effect(s)
"... forbidding people things they like or think they might enjoy only makes them want those things all the more"(P6)
Relationship between cause and effect
These are the links that tie cause and effect together
Basically the analysis given to us by the writer and what happens as a result of this relationship
E.g. Prohibition example on P7
"... launching, in the process, the greatest crime wave in the country's history, causing thousands of deaths from bad alcohol, and creating a general (and persisting) contempt among the citizenry for the laws of the United States."
A very important component of any cause and effect essay
Restate (NOT repeat) your thesis/purpose
Consider the implications of your essay, what else needs to be said in a clear, and concise way? What else needs to be addressed before closing?
Explain how your conclusion should be practically used; express your hopes for the future, or issue a call to action, etc.
"Will anything sensible be done? Of course not." (P12)
"Since the combination of sin and money is irresistible, the situation will only grow worse."(P12)