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Celiac Disease

Science Project

Emily Giau

on 14 May 2010

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Transcript of Celiac Disease

Double click anywhere & add an idea Celiac Disease What is it? A digested disease Damages the small intestines A sensitivity to gluten It disturbs the absorbtion
of nutrience Causes Causes are unknown. Symptoms Abdominal bloating and pain
Chronic diarrhea
Weight loss / fatigue Itchy skin and rashes
is also called Dermatitis Herpetiformis Depression / anxiety
Frequent illness Poor height growth / delayed puperty Long term effects Cancers or disorders to
intestines and organs Anemia
Iron deficiency
low count of
red blood cells
Causes weakness,
fatigue and paleness

Osteoperosis / Arthiritis
Due to loss of calcium
and other minerals
Results in pain, decreased
height, menopause, easy fractures and brittle bones. Diagnosis Biopsy
A medical test
Removes cells or tissue to examine
Must be done before gluten free diet Organs &
Affected Digestive system

Immune System
Reaction to intake of Gluten
Destorys / Damages Villi Small Intestines - Villi
Small hairs on the small intestines
Absorbs nutrience from food
Without healthy villy,
the person is malnourished

Blood Screening Tests
To show certain
gluten antibodies
Certain high levels of antibodies can lead to diagnosis
Healthy Villi

Damaged Villi

Affected Anyone at any age Mainly in children rather
than adults Women are more
affected than men
1 in every 133 people Common 1 in 22 people have it if a
first degree relative has it

1 in 39 people have it if a
second degree relative has it

More often in white people than
any other race

Adults in their 40s - 50s getting Celiac
Disease has been increasing Did you know? Prevention There is no prevention Treatment There is no actual treatment but disease can be controlled The Gluten-Free Diet
Must be life long diet
Avoidance of Gluten in food
Patient must be cautious of
ingrediant list when eating and
getting medicines
Celiacs can seek dietitians for help More about gluten
A protein wheat in many grain products
Gluten is found in food, medicins, vitamins, lipbalms
When Celiacs eat gluten, their villi will get damaged
Leaving untreated can
cause long term problems
and even death Processed foods to avoid :
Potato chips / french fries
Hot dogs / Sausages
Some rice mixes


http://www.badgut.com Diagnosis may be missed or late No matter how much food a Celiac eats, they cannot regain the nutrience

97% of Celiacs are undiagnosed

In Indentical twins, there is as 70 % chance both twins will have Celiac Disease

If a family member(s) have an autoimmune disease , there is a 25% increase that you will get Celiac disease
Full transcript