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Rylie Munn

on 20 February 2015

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Transcript of Cisplatin

Chemical formula: cis-[PtCl2(NH3)2]
Number of atoms of each element:
6 H, 2 N, 2 Cl, 1 Pt
Type of atoms that make up substance:
H, N, Cl=non-metal, Pt=metal
Cisplatin is a complex ion because it is made up of one central metal ion (Platinum) bonded to 2 chloride ions and 2 ammonia molecules
Held together by ion and covalent bonds
atomic mass of Cl x 2
atomic mass of Pt x 1
atomic mass of H x 6
atomic mass of N x 2
300.16 g/mol
Calculating Molar Mass of Cisplatin
Cisplatin, also known as the "Penicillin of cancer" is used in chemo therapy on a variety of cancers such as lung cancer, germ cell tumors, lymphoma, and ovarian cancer.
It was discovered/created by Michel Peyrone in the 1800s, but wasn't biologically used until the 1965 when Dr. Barnett Rosenburg "accidently" found that it could stop cancer cells from dividing.
It is still the most widely-used chemo therapy drug today, even though many newer drugs have come out, simply because it is so effective.

Purpose of Cisplatin
What I learned
Clark, Jim. "The Shapes of Complex Metal Ions." 2003. http://www.chemguide.co.uk/inorganic/complexions/shapes.html

"Cisplatin - The Cancer Medicine." http://www.cisplatin.org/.

Liu, Sai Man. "Cisplatin." http://www.ch.ic.ac.uk/local/projects/s_liu/Html/Cisplatin.html

National Cancer Institute. "The Discovery of Cisplatin." 2014. http://www.cancer.gov/aboutnci/servingpeople/cancer-research-progress/discovery/cisplatin

Steed, John. Royal Society of Chemistry. http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/podcast/CIIEcompounds/transcripts/cisplatin.asp
Works Cited
That even a simple compound can make a huge impact on the human body and the health industry
More about the process of chemo therapy and anti-cancer medicine
New chemistry information, such as ligands and complex meatallic ions.
Full transcript