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Sports Sociology- Casey Martin vs PGA Tour

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P Am

on 1 December 2013

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Transcript of Sports Sociology- Casey Martin vs PGA Tour

PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin, 532 U.S. 661 (2001), was a United States Supreme Court case in which disabled golfer Casey Martin asserted that the PGA Tour could not lawfully deny him the option to ride in a golf cart between shots. Prior to this case, the PGA Tour required all golfers to walk between shots, and argued that this policy constituted an important aspect of the game of golf. The PGA Tour refused to change their rule, and Casey was compelled to go to court. Filing suit under the Americans with Disabilities Act, Casey argued that the PGA Tour is a "public accommodation" and should modify their policy to accommodate his disability. The Supreme Court found for Martin in a 7–2 decision.
Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber (KTW) Syndrome
Supreme Court Case Ruling
American Disabilities Act
Effect of Culture and Values
Sports Sociology
Social inequality
refers to the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses with in a group or a society. (The existence of a disabilities act is evidence;June 2013,Martin was again denied the option to ride the cart between his shots).

Symbolic Interactionism
assumes that our behavior involves choices that are based on the way we define our interactions in certain situations. (Varying responses to the case's ruling are a testament to this).

Conflict Theory
deals with constant competition amongst individuals for acquisition of power. (In this case,PGA determined the outcome of sports; sports reveals the existing inequalities in society

Structural Functionalism
is the functionalists' contention that sports contribute the maintaining balance in a society, and that sports provide catharsis. (Such a precedent seen as opening 'floodgates': PGA argued that changing its rules would alter the competition; demand for golf carts by every individual with a condition).

Sports Sociology- Casey Martin vs PGA Tour
The PGA Tour (Originally established by the Professional Golfers' Association of America) is the organizer of the main professional golf tours played primarily by men in the United States and North America. It organizes most of the events on the flagship annual series of tournaments also known as the PGA Tour.
A rare congenital medical condition in which blood vessels and/or lymph vessels fail to form properly.
Often on approximately ¼ of the body.
Port-wine stains,Varicose veins,hypertrophy of bony and soft tissues and an improperly developed lymph system
Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber (KTW) Syndrome?

Ever since he was a young boy, Casey Martin has played golf and won 17 junior golf titles in his home state of Oregon.
Casey's accomplishments were notable given that he had been diagnosed with KTW. Throughout his college years, Casey's condition steadily worsened as the circulatory disorder eroded the bones in his right leg. Eventually, he realized that he could not walk the entire 18 hole golf cours and so used a golf cart to take him from one shot to the next.
Casey Martin (born June 2, 1972) today is an American professional golfer and the current men's golf head coach at the University of Oregon.
Martin has numerous achievements to his name including a tie for the 23rd spot in the 1998 U.S open.
Martin suffers from a birth defect in his right leg known as Klippel Trenaunay Weber syndrome.
Martin made a request, supported by detailed medical records, for permission to use a golf cart during the third stage. Petitioner refused, and Martin filed this action under Title III of the ADA, which, among other things, requires an entity operating "public accommodations" to make "reasonable modifications" in its policies "when ... necessary to afford such ... accommodations to individuals with disabilities, unless the entity can demonstrate that making such modifications would fundamentally alter the nature of such ... accommodations," §12182(b)(2)(A)(ii)
The American Disabilities Act
More attention given to the disabled
, for instance the term 'Public Accomodation' was widened, and the essentiality of walking between holes challenged.

Challenge to the mainstream culture
: PGA believed this decision only relevant to the case due to his unique golf skills and not all cases would be in favour of athletes unless proven. This became a major issue because norms of golf were being challenged.
Marvi Palijo
Reja Younis
Priha Amen
Shabbir Mustafa
Iruj Humayun
Uzair Sadiq
Ijlal Ajmal
Uzair Sadiq
Ali Saleem
Hadiaa Haroon
Komal Fatima
Zainab Rashid
Bakhtawar Tunio

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