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A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens
Transcript of A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens
A religious folk song or popular hymn
What is a stave?
A verse or stanza of a poem
•Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot
•Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision.
•Dramatic irony to create effects such as suspense
•Interpret figures of speech (through the questions)
•Active and passive voice
•Verbs – indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, subjunctive mood
Assessment: Reading Comprehension, Annotation, Vocabulary, Literary Elements, Writing, Grammar
Potboiler: an inferior work written purely for quick profit. While the book was an instant success and remains one of his best known works, Dickens made little money because people bought pirated editions. Copyright laws did not exist at this time.
A Christmas Carol
was also the first story transmitted over radio.
Previous Connections -
History: Railroad, Cotton Gin, Steam Engine, Improved Transportation
Queen Victoria/Victorian Era: Reign 1837-1901, Oddities, Darwinism was the most important contribution to this era
Literature: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Oliver Twist, William Blake "Chimney Sweeper"
Tonight's Assignment: Screencast - find a non-fiction article on Victoria Era, Industrial Revolution, or Charles Dickens
What literary techniques did Dickens use to construct this tale?
Theme, allusion, figurative language, irony, and symbolism
Annotate in your book; note evidence and examples of each
A Christmas Carol
by Charles Dickens
The Victorian city of London was a city of starling contrasts. New building and affluent development went hand in hand with horribly overcrowded slums where people lived in the worst conditions imaginable.
Working Conditions/Child Labor Laws
In 1800 the population of London was 1 million.
In 1850 the population of London was 2.3 million.
By 1900 the population grew to over 6 million.
Problems with rapid population growth -
Lack of burial space (instances of body snatching, bodies left out to rot)
Considerable sanitation issues (churchyards full, sewer issues)
Combination of coal-fired stoves and poor sanitation made the air heavy and foul smelling
Sewage thrown in the Thames (Joseph Bazalgette)
Living conditions - slums; overcrowded
London could not take care of this many people - in respect to food, sanitation, jobs, housing
Work Conditions and Child Labor Laws:
Despite the economic expansion of the Industrial Revolution, living conditions among the poor were horrible.
Dickens worked 11 hours a day as a boy - for 6 shillings a week
Fear of Debtor's Prison (work conditions)
Threat of poverty is always present (work house)
1870 - law passed making school compulsory for children 5-12
a pretense of having a virtuous character, moral, or religious beliefs or principles, that one does not really have