Transcript of Alfred Hitchcock: Master of Film
Early Life: Born in London, England on August 13th 1899. He described his childhood as lonely and sheltered, partly due to his obesity. The Early Years: His first job related to film was as a title card designer at a silent movie studio at 20. He then worked his way up to become a Director First British film, The Lodger (1926). Recognition: He soon established himself as one of Britain's finest Directors. Move To The States: In 1939 Hitchcock moved to the U.S, due to the threat of war. There he made Rebecca, his first film in America. In the 40's he had a string of box office success's Collaboration's: Hitchcock worked with many great actors during his time as a Director including: Grace Kelly (3 films) James Stewart (4 films) Tippi Hedren ( 2 films) Anthony Perkins The Master Of Suspense: Style: He was best known for his technical expertise, establishing a film making style. The use of the camera and editing and deep focus in his shots was something he used extensively. The Hitchcock zoom, or a Dolly zoom, first used in Vertigo. (0.34) Mostly all of Hitchcock's films were suspense films or spy films, that had you on the edge of your seat. Best Years: During the 1950's, Hitchcock made a series of master films, including Rear Window, Vertigo and North by Northwest, (All on the AFI list of Americas top 100 movies). In 1960 he made one of his best known films, Psycho, and in 1963 he filmed The Birds, a horror like no other at that time. Stardom: Hitchcock made multiple cameo appearances in his movies, as a window washer or painter. He produced and starred in Alfred Hitchcock Presents for 10 years. Awards: Hitchcock won a Lifetime achievment award from AFI, the Golden Globes and the Directors Guild. Knighted in 1980 Nominated for 11 Oscars, but he never won one Personal Life & Relationship with Actors: Hitchock married Alma Reville, a assistant director and screenwriter in many of his films, in 1926. They had one child, Patricia Hitchcock. Hithcock's supposedly had a strong dislike of actors who took the method approach, that they should leave work on script and character to the directors. "I never said all actors are cattle; what I said was all actors should be treated like cattle." Alfred Hitchcock: The Master of Suspense In the late 1950s, Éric Rohmer, Claude Chabrol and François Truffaut, saw and promoted Hitchcock's films as artistic works. On April 29 1980 Alfred Hitchcock died of kidney failure. Death & Legacy "A great director is one who can impose his personality in every film he makes , and that's why people can identify a Hitchcock film immediately, Hitchcock is like no other film maker in the world."Full transcript
Marc Eliot, Film Historian. Hitchcock on Fear Had a distinctive and recognisable directorial style... & Pioneered many techniques in suspense and psychological genres. Childhood fascination with films and photography. He had strict Catholic parents. First film was The Pleasure Garden (1925), a German/British production and also a silent film Applied the Auteur Theory to him, he was one of the first. Introduction: He was well known to the public. Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was an English director and producer. He directed more than 50 feature films over 60 years. The Auteur theory states that the film shows the Directors creaitive and artistic vision in the film.