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UNIT 16: Mark's Gospel

Content based on ZigZag Education Mark's Gospel Revision

Vicky Allen

on 16 February 2015

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Transcript of UNIT 16: Mark's Gospel

The Rich Man
The 1st Disciples
Sending out the
UNIT 16: Mark's Gospel
The Story
Jesus was walking by the Sea of Galilee when he saw Simon & his brother Andrew fishing. Jesus says to them, "come and follow me and I will make you fishers of men". The brothers immediately stopped what they were doing and followed!
Jesus then sees the Son's of Zebedee (James & John) & they did the same. He told them they need to be 'fishers of men'.
Jesus was walking by the Sea of Galilee BUT this time sees Levi. Levi drops everything and follows Jesus (Tax men were hated in those days, especially by Jews. They used to take the Jews money and give it to the Romans -the occupying force) The Jews are shocked! Jesus says, "it's not the healthy that need a doctor, but the sick". He's come for those that need him, not those that think they're better.
Learning Lessons
ALL the disciples followed without question
They're job was to learn from Jesus & spread God's word
Jesus chose ordinary people to be his disciples.
God calls all sorts to follow him
Christians should try to learn JC's teachings & spread the word
Christians should follow JC without question!
The Story
Jesus tells his disciples their job description.
1. He tells them not to stress about carrying loads of stuff with them. Instead they need to rely on the generosity of others.
2. They should preach that people should repent from their sins
3. They should heal the sick wherever they go
4. They should drive out evil demons.
Learning Lessons
Disciples should:
be active in their faith!
focus on the task & not worry about material stuff
preach the gospel
work against evil
help the sick
Christians today must stay focused & shouldn't worry about £ etc.
Christians should persuade others to become disciples
Christians should stand against evil & injustice
Christians should help the sick & needy wherever they go
True Greatness
The Family of Jesus
The Story
Jesus was with a crowd when someone comes & tells him his little bro & mum are looking for him. Jesus is like, "Who are my mother & brothers?". He then turns to the crowd & says, "Here are my mother & my brothers. Anyone who does God's will is my family."
Learning Lessons
Just as Jesus did, disciples might need to put others before family (sometimes)
All disciples are a part of God's True family.
The church is God's family (bro's& sisters)
Being in God's family may cause conflict in your own family
(they may think they've become a religious freak/ led astray)
Family are important BUT God must always come first
The Story
Jesus overhears the disciples arguing about which one of them is the best. Jesus says, "the one who wants to be the best must become the very least - they must serve others." Jesus picks up a child (seen an unimportant in those days) & says, "whoever welcomes one of these in my name, welcomes me, and whoever welcomes me welcomes the One who sent me [GOD]."
Learning Lessons
Being great means putting others first -selfless/ self-sacrificing
The child represented all who were weak & in need.
Christians should serve others (even if this is hard)
Leaders in churches are really there to serve others
Teaching is opposite to modern society
The story
A rich man comes and asks Jesus what he must do to get to heaven. Jesus reminds him that he has to follow the 10 Commandments. The rich man 'claims' he had kept ALL of them since he was young. Jesus tells him that all he needs to do is to sell all that he has and give his money away to the poor, then come follow Jesus. The rich man walks away sad (he has a lot of cash & doesn't want to part with it).
Jesus says, "it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to become a disciple."
Learning Lessons
It is hard for the rich to become a disciple BECAUSE they have more to give up
BUT, Jesus also teaches then whatever you give up on earth, you will get more back in heaven

It's unlikely that Jesus wants Christians to give up EVERYTHING but they should be willing to part with £ and stuff to help others.
Jesus shows that the demands of discipleship are greater for some than for others - some may feel there is more to lose.
This may be harder in places like the UK where wealth is a measure of success
The Tenants
The Story
Jesus tells a parable...
He says a man plants a vineyard & rents it out whilst he is away. At harvest time, the owner sends 3 servants to take his share of the harvest BUT the tenants beat up 2 of the servants and kill the 3rd! (they don't even own the vineyard!) So the owner thinks, I will send my son. The tenants think this means the owner is dead & has sent his son to claim his inheritance... so, they kill him too, thinking they can take the vineyard from him.
Jesus warns that the owner would come & kill the tenants.
Jesus ends by saying, "the stone that the builders rejected has become the capstone."
The KEY:
Tenants = jewish leaders
SERVANTs = Prophets
son = jesus
capstone = holds building in place

learning lessons
Jesus was saying that the religious leaders had rejected God's messengers (prophets) & would eventually kill him too...
Jesus is telling the disciples that many would reject the message they bring from God
Jesus predicts that he will also be rejected
Christians might also be rejected
The story teaches what happened in the Old Testament right up to today
A Spirit Cast Out
The Story
A man brings his son to Jesus' disciples & asks him to get rid of the evil spirit (remember, this was one of their jobs...). His son foams at the mouth, gnashes his teeth & fitted. BUT the disciples couldn't do it; in the words of Jesus, they had poor faith!
So, the dad asks Jesus to heal the son. Jesus says, " anything is possible if you have faith" (little dig at the disciples.
The dad replies, "I have faith, but please help me overcome my doubts."
Jesus heals the boy and the spirit comes out!
Later that night, Jesus teaches the disciples that these things can only be done with prayer.
Learning lessons
Jesus taught that the real power to heal (do anything) was in prayer
The disciples knew they had failed & their faith in prayer must increase
If the disciples failed, what chance do Christians today have?
BUT, Christians today take hope that there is real power in prayer and faith
Parable of the Sower
The Story
A farmer scatters his seed (the word of God).
Some seed fell:
1. ...on the path & the birds ate it
2. ...on rocky places. Seed grows quickly, but there is no soil for it to take root. It dehydrates and dies.
3. ...amongst the thorns which choked the young plants
4. ...amongst good soil; the plants grew and produced a good crop!
The disciples don't understand the story so Jesus has to explain.
people who ignore the word
people who hear, believe for a bit, then give up
people who hear, believe for but the distractions from life CHOKE their faith.
people who hear, believe & spread God's word - lifelong disciples!
learning lessons
Not everyone will respond to God positively
Even those who do believe will face struggles & difficulties
BUT spreading the word is worthwhile for those that become true disciples
All people described in this parable can be seen today.
The parable doesn't provide a solution to the problem
At least people have free will/ choice to become a disciple
Some confused as to why Jesus taught in ways that disciples don't understand
Teaching on Service
This sounds very similar to the story on greatness but it's different. Perhaps Mark is trying to make a point?!
James and John (The sons of ??) ask Jesus a favour: they want to have a place of honour & sit by Jesus' side in heaven.
Jesus says, "would you be willing to drink from the same cup as me?" (basically would you die the death I'm going to die?).
They say yes.
Jesus reminds them that the greatest in heaven must become a slave of all just as he came to serve and not to be served.
the story
Learning lessons
Jesus goes further in this story saying that disciples should be 'slaves' to all (before it was just 'serve')
Jesus teaches that disciples should be prepared to die for others
Jesus is the ultimate example of serving others
Christians KNOW that as a disciple they need to serve others
Christians should serve with their money/ energy/ time/ talents
For some Christians they might too be required to die as the ultimate act of service...
Are the disciples failures?
The Story
Jesus finishes dinner with the 12 (the Last Supper) & warns them that they're all going to run away & leave him. Peter promises that even if the others do, he would never do that. The others promise similar.
Jesus warns Peter that he will in fact deny him (3 times!) before the rooster crows.
The dinner
The Garden
After dinner, they all head for Gethsemane. Jesus asks his disciples to pray but they all fall asleep. Awkwardly, this happens 3 times! Jesus comments, "the spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak".
Finally, Judas turns up, betrays Jesus, a big fight kicks off and the disciples run away.
Learning lessons
The disciples let Jesus down when he most needed them (Betrayal/ Sleeping/ running away)
Even the disciples mess up at times & Jesus still loved them!
Jesus recognises that we are weak at times (the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak.
Peter's failure
The story
Jesus has already predicted Peter would betray. Peter sneaks in to where Jesus' trail is happening (is he trying to be brave here?)
Either way, a servant girl challenges Peter asking, "you are one of his disciples, you were with him!" Peter denies knowing Jesus.
Another man asks Peter again, "You're a Galilean, you were with him!" This time Peter swears blind that he doesn't know Jesus.
The rooster then crows. Peter wept.
Learning Lessons
All the disciples let Jesus down, including Peter who promised not to!
Being a disciple is more than just following - it's about believing and trusting Jesus too..
Even though they failed, these guys were the one's who spread Jesus' message without fear & didn't let him down like this again.
Having your faith put to the test is a natural part of life as a disciple
Even today, science challenges the faith of believers but they must learn to trust Jesus' word.
It's a small price to pay for God.
conflict & argument
Jesus Predicts his Passion
The Paralysed Man
Jesus is speaking in a house when 4 men bring in a paralysed man to be healed. They were desperate to get to Jesus so lowered the man through the roof. Jesus tells the paralysed man his sins are forgiven & tells the man to take up his mat and walk home. Most people were happy but the religious leaders were mad!
The story
Why did this cause conflict?
Jesus says he can forgive sins & the religious leaders thought only God could forgive sins - in their eyes he was committing blasphemy!
Some Jews thought you could only be healed if your sins were forgiven - Jesus was reassuring the paralysed man.
Jesus knew the religious leaders were outraged, so to prove his point, he heals the man too (this was probably like rubbing salt in the wound for the religious leaders!)

Christians think\ Jesus still heals & forgives today
Baptism- Confessing sins and being immersed in water as a sign of purification
John the Baptist- The man who baptised Jesus ion the river Jordan
Confession- An acknowledgment or declaration of something
Elijah- The Old Testament prophet believed to return before the Messiah.
Messiah- The anointed one (Christ) who would bring in Gods kingdom.
Moses- The Old Testament prophet who God gave his laws to.
Transfiguration- When Jesus’ appearance was changed
Nature Miracle- A miracle in which Jesus shows his power over nature.
Legion- A man from whom Jesus cast out many demons
Healing miracle- A miracle in which Jesus shows his power over sickness
Jairus- The synagogue leader whose daughter was brought back to life by Jesus
Son on Man- A title used by Jesus of himself probably meaning that he would suffer before bringing in Gods Kingdom.

Who was Jesus?
The Transfiguration

The Sabbath
The story
1. Jesus and his disciples pick up some heads of grain on the Sabbath. The Pharisees who believed it was wrong to do any kind of work on the Sabbath questioned Jesus. Jesus said that the Sabbath was made to benefit people & was not meant to restrict them.
Why did this cause conflict?
2. A man with a shriveled hand came to Jesus on the Sabbath. The Jewish leaders were watching to see what Jesus would do. Jesus asks the crowd whether it was better to do good or evil on the Sabbath, but the crowd did not answer. Jesus heals the man. The Pharisees are angry & begin to plot to kill Jesus.
Keeping the sabbath is one of the 10 Commandments
Jesus was doing 'work' which the Jewish leaders taught was wrong.
Jesus angered the Pharisees by breaking the rules.
Some Christians today think that Sunday should be kept as a Sabbath day.
Others think that so long as they have a 'rest day' from their normal work, they are keeping the spirit of the law.
The Trouble with the Law
The story
Jesus and his disciples eat
without washing their hands. The Pharisee's ask Jesus why he is encouraging the 12 to do this & why they're not following the traditions of the elders... Jesus replies,
"You have let go of the commandments of God & are following the traditions of men."
Jesus proved this by giving the example of how the Pharisee's were using
as a way of not helping their parents. They were saying they were giving all their time and effort to God so couldn't help their parents.
Jesus said that
it is not what you put into your mouth that makes you unclean but it's what comes out of your mouth that shows the evil thoughts of the heart.
Why did this ca
use conflict?
Jesus undermined the religious leaders saying people didn't need to follow their authority.
Jesus said that all of the religious laws were the Pharisee's invention and not God's.
Today Christians try & stay true to the teachings of the Bible, rather than following the latest trends of the church.
Christians should treat all with respect & not abuse their position.
Actions & attitudes are more important than rules!
Corban -
A gift dedicated to God that can't be used for anything else.
Ritual Cleanliness -
Jewish laws on food & washing which stopped anything impure from entering the body
The story
Jesus began to teach his disciples that he would suffer & be killed at the hands of the religious leaders. Peter took Jesus to one side and tried to tell Jesus was wrong. Jesus saw this as a sign that Satan was trying to use Peter to distract Him from his mission.
Jesus took His disciples to one side to explain clearly what would happen & told them He would rise in 3 days. The disciples didn't fully understand.
Jesus took his disciples to one side again & told them clearly what would happen & that he would rise in 3 days.
Why did this cause conflict?
Peter found it difficult to accept Jesus' words & the other disciples didn't seem to understand the enormity of what he was saying.
Christians understand that Jesus came with a clear purpose and that he was fully aware of the suffering he has to go through. In spite of this, he still went through with it.
Jesus clears out the
Jesus enters the Temple in Jerusalem to find traders & money changers buying and selling in the place where people were meant to be praying. He kicked off! He threw the tables over sending money flying everywhere.
Jesus quoted the Bible,
"My house shall be a house of prayer for all nations and you have made it into a den of robbers."
The chief priests & religious leaders heard this and began looking for a way to kill Jesus. People were amazed at Jesus teaching.
The story
Why did this cause conflict?
Jesus Enters Jerusalem
The story
Why did this cause conflict?
Jesus sends 2 disciples out to grab a donkey. They found one tied up inside the village. It had never been ridden before.
Jesus rides into Jerusalem and people threw their coats on the ground/ spread palm branches on the floor/ shouted...
Hosanna in the highest!
Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord
Blessed is the coming of David
The Old Testament predicted the Messiah would enter Jerusalem on a donkey - Jesus is claiming he is the Messiah
The people shouting showed they welcomed the Messiah
The people saw he was linked to David & so God's chosen King
The Jewish leaders would have hated this! It challenged their authority and could have led to rebellion

Zechariah 9:9
9 Rejoice greatly, Daughter Zion!
Shout, Daughter Jerusalem!
See, your king comes to you,
righteous and victorious,
lowly and riding on a donkey,
on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

The Old Testament
Christians see Jesus fulfilling the prophecies
Although being King, Jesus showed humility - Christians should be humble
Jesus was approached by ordinary people
Jesus was angry:
God's Temple, a place of worship, was being used to make money
The trading was happening in the only place where the Gentiles were allowed to worship, stopping them worshiping.
Religious leaders were angry:
Jesus was telling them off
Jesus was showing himself as the Messiah
The Old Testament
Malachi 3:1-3
3 “I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple;
By showing concern about the Gentiles, Jesus was showing ALL are welcome in God's Kingdom
Who's in authority here?
The teachers of the Law (scribes) try and trick Jesus by asking him...
If Jesus replies "from God" they could have him arrested for blasphemy. If he replies "from me" people would have laughed at him.
So Jesus instead asks them a question...

By whose authority did you smash up the Temple?
Was John's baptism from Heaven or from men?
Why did this cause conflict?
(Jesus knew John was v.popular & claimed to be announcing the arrival of the Messiah. The Jewish leaders could not answer without a) offending the people or b) saying Jesus WAS the Messiah. Clever.
The Jewish Leaders failed to catch Jesus out. He caught them out instead!
Most Christians think it is right to follow the laws of the land however, Christians may be torn as when to stand up & obey God's laws & when to obey the government.
e.g. gay marriage in church
A Taxing Question
The story
Why did this cause conflict?
The Pharisee's try to catch out Jesus (again) but this time focus on money.
(If Jesus answered 'yes' he would have become unpopular since the Jews hated the Romans. If Jesus answered 'no' the Romans could have arrested him for teaching people to break the law)
So Jesus points out that since Caesar's head is on the coin they should...
Is it right to pay taxes to Caesar?
Give to Caesar what is Caesar's & to God what is God's.
AGAIN - The Jewish Leaders failed to catch Jesus out. He caught them out instead!
Some Christians think Jesus is teaching that religion & politics should be kept separate.
Other Christians think if they have freedom to practice their religion they should be grateful and pay their taxes!
But others think they would find it hard to pay taxes to a government opposing God's teachings - e.g. Nazis
The NEW Testament
Romans 13: 6-7
"That's why you pay your taxes; so that an orderly way of life can be maintained. Fulfill your obligations as a citizen. Pay your taxes, pay your bills, respect your leaders."
The story
The Sadducees (didn't believe in resurrection) first tell a story of a woman who is married 7 times (all her husbands kept dying). They ask...

when she gets to heaven, who will she be married to?
Is God a God of the living or the dead?
Jesus & the Sadducees
Why were the trick questions such an issue?
Jesus quotes the Bible to them where God says to Moses, "
I am
the God of Abraham, Isaac & Jacob (these men had all died before Moses was born so shows there is resurrection). So Jesus asks...
present tense!
The Sadducees can't find a good answer.

Why did this cause conflict?
There will be no
marriage in heaven anyway.
Jesus showed up the Sadducces that he knew the scriptures better than they did.
He also made them mad as the religious leaders claimed only they had the authority to interpret the scriptures.
They weren't happy that Jesus had made them seem foolish.
Jesus made it clear there is life after death.
When Christians die they will go to heaven.
Any suffering on earth will end in heaven.
Expensive Perfume at
The story
Why did this cause conflict?
A woman visits Jesus while he's eating with his friends. She broke a sign of expensive perfume & poured it on him. People complained she could have used this money better. Jesus defends the woman saying she has done a good thing. It was an extravagant sign of love! (She was anointing his body in preparation for his burial)
It was worth a years wages! Could it have been used another way?
Messiah means 'anointed one' - she thought he was the Messiah. Clearly others didn't...
People thought she was 'over-familiar' with a Rabbi
Jesus speaks of his death again - Christians believe he had to die to pay for their sin.
Jesus is seen as mixing with outcasts - Christians should do the same
The Plot to Kill Jesu
The story
2 days before Jesus was killed, the Chief Priests & the teachers of the Law were looking for a way to arrest and kill Jesus. They did this secretly so people didn't kick-off. Judas-Iscariot went to them & offered to betray Jesus. He began thinking of a way to do this. When Jesus was eating dinner with his disciples at the Last Supper he declares that one of them will betray him. He also says it would have been better if that betrayer had never been born...
Why did this cause conflict?
Jesus was becoming a real pain to the religious leaders & they wanted rid!
The story shows Jesus was popular since the plotting of his death had to be done in private.
Today Christians focus that...
Jesus knew what was going to happen but did not run or hide - he chose death on a cross.
Even the disciples, those closest to him, let him down but they were forgiven.
Thursday Night
The Arrest
Very early Friday Morning
Pontius Pilate Trial
Thursday Evening
The Last Supper
Betrayal & Arrest
TriAl before the high priest
The story
Trial before Pontius Pilate
The Crucifixion
The Last Supper
The story
The burial
It was the first day of the Passover festival & Jesus sent 2 disciples to find a place for the Passover meal.
The disciples followed Jesus' instructions and found the room.
"...find a man carrying a jar of water & follow him to a house where there is an upper room. The room will be furnished ready."
Jesus tells the disciples they will all let him down. Peter insists that even if the others do, we won't.
Jesus sits to eat with disciples & tells them one of them would betray him. He says the betrayer is the one who dips bread into the bowl with me. He says it'd be better if he'd never been born. Jesus then takes the bread & wine & says...
Jesus asks them to do eat & drink in remembrance of him.
They sang a hymn & head off for the Mount of Olives.
"...This is my body broken for you...
This is my blood poured out for you."
So what?
As part of the preparations, the disciples might have collected a lamb from the Temple. This represented the 1st ever Passover when Moses led the people out of slavery in Egypt.
Also shows Jesus took Passover seriously & the disciples followed his instructions.
When Jesus predicts the failure of his disciples, the fact they insist they won't fail him shows they don't understand what is about to happen (seriously though, how many times has Jesus warned them?)
Jesus spoke the words over the bread: this is the job of the head of the family in Passover.
Jesus changes the meaning of the red wine - previously drunk to remember how the Lamb's blood saved the Israelites, NOW remembers how Jesus blood saves people.
The Passover marked a turning point in Jewish history where the Israelites were freed from slavery BUT now Jesus marks another turning point; freeing his followers from the slavery of sin and restoring their relationship with God.
Through Mark's eyes:
Mark want to stress that the broken bread now represent Jesus' body & wine represents his blood poured out.
He wants people to see that Jesus was the true Passover lamb
Mark wanted to encourage Christians facing persecution that Jesus suffered too & came to save them from sin.
Paul wrote clear instructions for early Christians.
Christians believe Jesus started this meal at the Last Supper & follow Jesus' instructions to take it today.
They believe:

23 For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you: The Lord Jesus, on the night he was betrayed, took bread, 24 and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, “This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.” 25 In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.” 26 For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.

Jesus is present as the Church celebrates the bread & wine
It reminds them of Jesus' life and death
It allows Christians to share & celebrate common beliefs together
Christians remember that Jesus promises to again in the future
Eucharist/ Communion/ Bread & Wine
Thursday Night
In the Garden
The story
After supper the disciples followed Jesus to the Garden of Gethsemane. He asks them to sit & wait with him whilst he prayed. James, John and Peter went a little further on with him and Jesus became very upset & said
"my soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death."
Jesus falls to the ground and prays to God. He says,
"if it is possible, take this cup from me, but I will do whatever you want."
Throughout this, the disciples kept falling asleep and letting Jesus down.
It all ends when Jesus is arrested and his disciples desert Jesus.
Jesus shows his true
in this moment; He was worried & afraid & asked God whether there was any other way to save people. Despite all of this,
he accepted God's will.
He calls God
meaning dad, which shows closeness.
If Jesus had to pray for strength, how much more should we?!
Some Christians have problems with the idea of Jesus needing to ask God anything since he was God.
Why did he ask to get out of it? Didn't he trust Jesus.
If Jesus knew he was going to be resurrected, why was he worried about dying?

Late Thursday night/Early Friday Morning
High Priest Trial
Friday morning
The Crucifixion
Friday Afternoon
The Burial
The Garden of Gethsemane
the story
After Jesus was praying, a crowd sent by the Chief Priests arrived. They were armed with clubs & swords.
Judas walks up to Jesus & greets him with a kiss - this lets the crowd know who they are to arrest.
One of the disciples draws a sword & cuts of someone's ear!
Jesus comments as to why they didn't arrest him in the day? It wasn't like he was hiding or anything!
The disciples then run away
Right from the beginning, Mark is referred to as a betrayer! Mark clearly has a negative view of Jesus.
Mark makes a big deal out of the kiss - he clearly thought this was a mean way to betray a friend.
In Matthew's Gospel Judas kills himself - he must have felt bad.
Many Christians think:
Judas' betrayal was necessary to fulfil the scriptures
Judas was a traitor
Some Christians think:
Judas has no choice- he had to betray
He was upset that Jesus was not the Messiah he expected
Judas did this act to help Jesus get arrested & to help him fulfil his mission.
Important background info
The Sanhedrin, led by the High Priest, was the highest Jewish court BUT it's powers were limited by the Roman's -the ones with the real power.
Jewish law made it clear that trials had to follow certain rules:
Jesus' trial was not fair because...
Jewish law stated that there needed to be more than 1 witness.
Trials were not allowed to take place at night
Beating prisoners was not allowed (obviously?!)
A 24 hour delay had to be given between conviction and sentencing being carried out.

Jesus was arrested in the garden and was bought before the High Priest, elders & Teachers of the Law - basically all the important Jewish leaders.
They paid false witnesses to accuse Jesus but none of their stories matched up.
The High Priest asked Jesus to defend himself - Jesus was silent
The High Priest asked Jesus if he was "the Christ, the Son of God?" Jesus answered "I am." (why not? he was already arrested)
They decided Jesus was guilty of blasphemy & tore their clothes in outrage
Those present beat Jesus & spat on him
High Priest
This unfair trial would motivate Christians to make sure that justice is achieved fairly in the world today
Peter Benenson (a Roman Catholic) set up Amnesty International in the 1960's to help tackle human rights abuse & make sure that fair trials are happening across the world.
the story
This is why Jesus needed to go to Pilate after this trial
The Sanhedrin take Jesus to Pilate.
They all shouted accusations at Jesus but he remained silent.
Pilate asked Jesus if he had anything to say for himself. Jesus remains silent. (This amazed Pilate)
Pilate said it was the custom at Passover to release one prisoner. He offered the crowd either Barabbas (a murderer) or Jesus. The crowd chose Jesus.
The Jewish leaders stirred up the crowd to shout for Jesus' crucifixion.
Pilate gave in to the crowd and had Jesus flogged & handed him over to be crucified.
Crucify Jesus!
Kill Jesus!
Release Barabbas!
Pilate - the Roman governor or Judea
Jesus us super quiet saying very little. This fulfils a prophecy in Isaiah 53 that 'he [the Messiah] will not open his mouth but will be silent like a lamb to the slaughter.'
strange behaviour...
The crowd
Pilate had hundred of people crucified! He seems unwilling on this one as he couldn't find a reason to do so.
Pilate gives into the crowd perhaps to avoid a riot - his job was to keep order
Mark seems to blame the crowd and their fickle behaviour. Just days earlier they are cheering Jesus in as King, now they demand his death.
In the past
, some Christians blamed the Jews for the death of Jesus. This led to persecution of the Jews.

, Christians are likely to see this story differently:
It fulfilled the scriptures - Jesus' mission was to go to the cross so it cannot be blamed on the Jews!
They will apply Jesus' teaching of "love your neighbour"
They might think about their own fickleness being 'for' Jesus one moment & 'against' him in another.

The Story
Jesus was helped by Simon of Cyrene to carry the cross up to Golgotha.
Jesus was crucified at around 9am.
He was offered wine mixed with myrrh (painkiller) but he refused.
A sign saying
"King of the Jews
" was placed above him.
People hurled insults at Jesus telling him to save himself & cast lots for his clothes
Religious leaders mocked Jesus.
At around 12pm darkness came over the land
At around 3pm Jesus cried out,
"My God, why have you forsaken me".
People thought he was calling for help from the prophet Elijah.
Jesus then died. At this moment, the temple curtain ripped in 2.
A Roman centurion standing at the foot of the cross called out,
"surely this man was the Son of God."
Sunday Morning
The Resurrection
What was Crucifixion?
A written notice of the crime would be placed above the person's head.
A person's hands were nailed to the crossbeam & feet to the upright
A small block of wood was placed at the base of the spine - this carried some body weight & so prolonged the suffering.
As the person weakened they would eventually suffocate.
Suggests something terrible was happening: God was suffering
Despite Jesus being able to do so, he remained on the cross to fulfil his mission
In the Temple, the curtain separated the area that only the High Priest could enter once a year. The ripping of curtain represented that sin was no longer a barrier between people and God - all had access
Elijah was typically linked to the coming of the Messiah - people may have thought he would appear
When Jesus cries out this shows his despair at being separated from his father for the first time.
Jesus' crucifixion seems to fulfill Psalm 22
Through Mark's eyes:
Through Mark's eyes:
Mark doesn't focus much on the cross - this is probably because people were used to this punishment.
He wanted people to see that Jesus bore the suffering not the suffering itself.
Those who were being persecuted for their faith could get encouragement from Jesus' example
Jesus' death shows God's plan to rescue people from their sin: "For God so loved the world that he gave his one & only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life" John 3:16
Christians think Jesus' sacrifice paid the price for ALL sin committed against God
Jesus' death bridged the gap between people God and people. He reconciled them.
Jesus' death paid the ransom to free people from their sin & bring them back to God.
the story
Joseph of Arimathea - a member of the Jewish asked Pilate if he could take down Jesus' body & bury it
Pilate was surprised that Jesus was dead already (could take days!) He got a Roman soldier to confirm it.
Pilate took it down, wrapped it in cloth & placed it in a tomb.
A large stone was placed in front of the tomb
Mary Magdalene and Mary Jesus' mother saw where it was.

Normally bodies were left to rot as a deterrent to others. Only Pilate was able to give permission for this not to happen.
Joseph, as an important member of the Jewish council, would have been able to meet with Pilate. He later became a Christian. Many think he was the one that revealed the details of the trial before the Sanhedrin.
Pilate might have allowed it to avoid unrest & trouble or because he felt sorry that Jesus had died.
Even today, some claim Jesus didn't really die as an explanation to the resurrection. They also claim people might have been looking in the wrong tomb...

BUT Mark gives evidence that Jesus really was dead (Roman soldier) & tells his audience that both the Mary's saw which tomb Jesus was laid in.
The Story
Mary Magdalene, Mary Jesus' mum & Salome went to the tomb to anoint Jesus' body with spices.
They were wondering how they were going to move the stone.
When they arrive they see the stone has already been moved!
They enter the tomb & an angel tells them Jesus has risen.
The women, terrified, run away trembling!
Important background info
The most reliable copies of Mark's Gospel end at this point.
Mark tries to show that Jesus has risen & that Jesus really is the Messiah
Other theories:
The disciples stole the body
BUT what would they have to gain from this? Would they have really been prepared to die for this lie?
Jesus did not really die
BUT it's impossible to walk after crucifixion and didn't the Roman Centurion confirm he was dead?
The Jews stole body
BUT surely they would have produced it against when the disciples started telling people Jesus was alive?
The resurrection brings victory over death; Christians look forward to meeting Jesus themselves after death
Christianity started because people claimed to have seen Jesus alive.
The resurrection proves that Jesus really was the Son of God.
The resurrection proves all of Jesus' claims - he really did defeat sin at the cross.
The conclusion for Mark & Christians...
In the eyes of Paul

1 Corinthians 15:13-14
13 If there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Christ has been raised. 14 And if Christ has not been raised, our preaching is useless and so is your faith.

Death and Resurrection
Feast of unleavened bread- The first day of the Passover
Last Supper- The last meal that Jesus ate with his disciples which founded the Eucharist.
Passover- Jewish festival celebrating the release from Egypt
Upper Room- The place where the last supper took place.
Gethsemane- The place where Jesus was arrested
Judas Iscariot- The disciple who betrayed Jesus
Blasphemy- Associating oneself with God/ language or deeds that insult God.
High Priest- The Jewish priest who was leader at the time of Jesus.
Sanhedrin- The supreme Jewish ruling council that found Jesus guilty of blasphemy
Pontius Pilate- The roman procurator (governor) of Judaea at the time of Jesus.
Crucifixion- The roman death penalty suffered by Jesus when he was nailed to the cross.
Golgotha- The place of the skull, the place where Jesus was crucified.

The law- The collection of laws handed down by God and collected in the Torah
Sinners- Those who did not follow all the Jewish laws
Pharisees- A religious group whose aim was to keep the traditional Jewish faith alive
Sabbath- The Jewish day of rest and the seventh day of the week.
Fasting- Going without food for a certain number of days as a sign of devotion to God.
Ritual Cleanliness- Jewish laws of food and washing which prevented anything unclean entering the body
Corban- A gift dedicated to God which meant that it could not be used for anything else.
Passion- The sufferings of Jesus especially in the times leading up to his crucifixion.
Palm Sunday- The Sunday before Good Fray when Jesus entered into Jerusalem riding on a donkey.
he temple- A building in Jerusalem where sacrifices were held
Scribes (‘teachers of the law’)- Religious lawyers; originally meant who made copies of the Torah
Sadducees- A group of priests who controlled the temple and collaborated with the Romans.

Disciples- The followers of Jesus
Levi- A tax collector who was called to be a disciple
Sons of Zebedee- The brothers James and John who Jesus called to follow him
Service- An act of help or assistance
The twelve- The 12 selected from the disciples to be Jesus’ closest disciples
True family- Those who the teachings of Jesus
Self-sacrifice- Putting others people’s needs before yourself
True Greatness- The teaching of Jesus that service of others is true greatness
The commandments- The selection of 10 rules within the bible
The eye of the needle- A metaphor used by Jesus to show that wealth makes it difficult to enter the Kingdom of God
The Kingdom- The rule of God is people’s lives
Peter’s denial- The way that Peter said that he was not a follower of Jesus after he was arrested

The Baptism
The story
The prophet Isaiah said that someone would prepare the way for the Messiah: John the Baptist was this man
John was baptising people in the river Jordan - people were confessing their sins.
He kept saying that he was preparing the way for someone far greater than him...
Jesus arrives one day and asks John to baptise him.
As Jesus gets baptised, a voice from heaven says...
"I am not worthy to fasten his shoes!"
"I baptise with water but he will baptise you with the Holy Spirit"
This is my Son whom I love; I am well pleased with him
The Spirit descended like a dove
Mark signals that this is the start of Jesus' ministry
He shows that Jesus is special - God is his Father & he is full of the Spirit
He shows that Jesus is the Messiah: God himself confirms it.
Through Mark's eyes:

Most Christians see baptism as a sign of following Jesus
Some Christians think that original sin is washed away at baptism
There are 2 types of baptism:
1. Infant baptism - done when the person is a baby (Catholic & Anglican)
2. Adult baptism - done when a person is older & when a person chooses it.
Christians see this as a sign of the Trinity
God the father (voice),
God the Spirit (like a dove)
God the Son (Jesus)
Peter's confession
The story
Jesus asks him disciples who do people say he is.
They say that some are calling Jesus Elijah or John the Baptist come back to life.
He then asks,
"who do you say I am?"
Peter answered,
"you are the Christ"
Jesus warns them not to tell anyone.
Jesus then predicts what will happen to him (he will be killed and will rise again 3 days later)
Peter declares he would never let this happen; Jesus tells Peter off.

What does this story
about Jesus?
His reputation is growing & people are talking about him
Peter is the 1st to recognise Jesus the Messiah
Although the disciples don't understand that Jesus has to suffer, he shows this is an important part of his mission.

In Matthew's Gospel Jesus says to Peter that because he recognises him as the Christ, he will be the one who the church is built on.
Catholic Christians prefer the story as they believe Peter is made the leader of the church - Peter is their first Pope.
The story
Jesus, John, Peter & James went up a mountain
Jesus changed before their eyes and became dazzling white! Moses & Elijah (both long dead) appeared with him.
The disciples were frightened and didn't know what to day. Peter suggests putting up 3 tents
A voice from heaven comes down & says, "This is my Son, whom Iove; listen to him.
Later Jesus tells them not to tell anyone about this.
"This is my Son, whom I love; listen to him"
Erm...Shall I put up 3 tents?
What does this story
about Jesus?
Jesus undergoes a supernatural change displaying his power & authority
Mark shows this as an awesome event
The appearance of Moses and Elijah shows that Jesus is continuing the line of Old Testament prophets. He has fulfilled the law (Moses) & has fulfilled the prophecies (Elijah)
Some Christians find this story hard to believe- how can prophets that lived centuries apart from each other appear in one place??!
Some think it was just a vision that the disciples has & was written about later.
The nature miracles
Calming of the Storm
The disciples are in a boat when a big storm starts.
Jesus is sleeping
The disciples ask Jesus whether he cares if they all drown.
Jesus says, "be quiet, be still."
The storm stops
Jesus asks the disciples why they had no faith.
They are terrified.

The feeding of the 5000
Jesus was speaking to a crowd when it became late in the day.
The disciples suggests that Jesus sends the crowd away to eat.
Jesus asks the disciples to feed the crowd.
They complain it would cost too much! (8 months wages)
Jesus took 5 loaves and 2 fish. The crowd are fed.
The disciples collect the baskets full of leftovers.
Jesus walks on Water
Shortly after feeding the 5000, Jesus sends his disciples ahead whilst he dismisses the crowd.
Later that evening, Jesus walks out on the water to meet his disciples.
The disciples were frightened thinking they were seeing a ghost.
Jesus called to them, "It is I, don't be afraid" & climbed into the boat with them
The disciples were amazed.
What does this story
about Jesus?
What does this story
about Jesus?
What does this story
about Jesus?
Jesus had power over nature to make the elements obey him.

The disciples don’t trust Jesus when trouble hits. They panic!

Mark wrote in a time when Christians were being persecuted for their faith. It would have encouraged them to trust Jesus.

Mark wanted to show Jesus fulfilled the prophecies of the Messiah feeding his people (like Moses fed the Israelites in the desert)

Jesus had compassion on the people and took responsibility for feeding them.

Jesus had power over nature to make this miracle happen.

The story is meant to teach a deeper lesson that Christians should give their money to the poor.
Some say the story need to be understood symbolically. Share the little we have with others.

Some accept it as literally told as Jesus has the power of God.

Others say the story seems a bit like a fairy-tale. It’s difficult to believe the impossible.

Jesus says, “It is I” which is the Greek for “I am”. He links the words of God at the burning bush to this story.

Fulfils the prophecy from Psalm 77:19 “Your path led through the sea, your way through the mighty waters, though your footprints were not seen”.
Jesus had divine power over nature. Early audience would have thought the storm was caused by evil but Jesus had power over evil.

Some say the story need to be understood symbolically.

Some accept it as told as Jesus has the power of God.

Others say the story seems a bit like a fairy-tale. It’s hard to believe it really happened.

The healing miracles
Healing of Legion
Jairus' daughter
Jairus (a synagogue ruler) cam eot ask Jesus to come to his house because his daughter was very sick
As Jesus headed there, some men came & told him the girl had already died.
Jesus tells Jairus not to be afraid but to believe.
When he arrived, many people were crying and mourning.
Jesus went in with Peter, James & John & said the child is not dead but only sleeping - people laughed at him!
Jesus took the child and said, "little girl, get up". She got up & was fine!
Over the Sea of Galilee Jesus & his 12 met a
man who was possessed by many demons.
The man lived in caves & cut himself - no one could subdue him.
Jesus asked the man his name. The man replied, "
my name is Legion for we are many."
The demons begged Jesus not to harm them.
Jesus gave them permission to leave the man & e
nter a heard of pigs.
People saw what happened and were afraid. They asked Jesus to leave..
The now healed Legion asked Jesus if he could come with him. Jesus told him to remain where he was and spread the news about what God had done.
What does this story
about Jesus?
What does this story
about Jesus?
Jesus has compassion for women & went out of his way to help a female young child - not considered important in that culture.
Jesus had power to heal & bring back to life. He had power over death!

Some people thought she was probably just sleeping/coma. However, why would Mark bother to record it if it was as simple as waking her up?
Some say the story need to be understood symbolically. It shows the importance of having faith.
Some say this man clearly had some kind of mental illness. Jesus showed he could cure both the physical and the mental.
Others think the disciples made a mistake. Jesus didn’t really walk on the water. He was on a reef/rock.

Other Christians think people should believe in Jesus’ power and not be like the disciples that did not understood.

Some say the story need to be understood symbolically. Jesus has power overcome evil in our lives.

Some people might think it is impossible for ANYONE to walk on water. It must be understood symbolically.
Evil can hold tightly within the world, but the darkness of the word can be broken by the power of Jesus.
Even the demons recognised Jesus as the Son of God!
Jesus had divine power over evil. With 6,000 demons listening to him, he must be powerful!

Others say that demons are real, even today and can affect people's lives.
Many have trouble accepting why Jesus would be okay with hurting animals. In those days pigs were considered unclean. Mark was trying to emphasise that sin & evil can corrupt a person & make them unclean.
good evidence she was dead
must have been quite desperate! The jewish leaders had openly criticised Jesus
Teaches that Christians should literally believe in Jesus’ power to heal the sick and raise the dead. He still does it today!

Some say the story need to be understood symbolically. These stories teach us the importance of having faith.
If you have faith in the Son of God, you will be rewarded.As a Jewish Synagogue leader, he risked a lot of stick from his fellow Jews in trusting Jesus.
Jesus as Messiah
High Priest
Peter's Confession
Entry into Jerusalem
Trial before the High Priest
What the Jews
The Messiah would:
Restore Israel's fortunes
He would be a descendent of King David
He would be chosen by God to rule as King of the Jews
He would establish God's peace and rule on earth
All faithful Jews would be saved & brought back to their homeland from exile
Christians believe:
Jesus was and is the Messiah
Jesus was a descendent from King David
He came to establish peace in our hearts (not in a physical way)
Jesus came to free people from sin in their lives (not from Roman power
All faithful believers will be brought back from exile, but to their home in heaven not on earth
Jesus did fulfill the OT prophecies about the Messiah, but he did this spiritually not physically
These stories show that Jesus was the Messiah
Jesus as Son of Man
Jesus as Son of God
This is Jesus' favourite title for himself. In Mark's Gospel he uses it 14 times
He used it often when talking about his suffering
Jewish teaching on
Son of Man
In the Old Testament Daniel prophecies that he saw God as, "one like the Son of Man who has authority to govern and be worshiped by the people"
By linking it to suffering Jesus links the term Son of Man to the book of Isaiah which talks about a suffering servant

*By using this phrase, Jews would have know Jesus was referring to himself as being the one from Isaiah and Daniel
Christian today don't often use this term but they do believe:
Jesus was the suffering servant of God (Isaiah)
Jesus was sent by God to defend & save his people/ he is to be worshiped/ he has authority (Daniel)
*by using this term Jesus is showing he was sent by God to save those who believe.
This is my Son whom I love; I am well pleased with him
The Spirit descended like a dove
"This is my Son, whom I love; listen to him"
The Baptism
The Transfiguration
Through Mark's eyes:
Mark uses this title 4 times:
Beginning "The beginning of the Gospel of Christ; the Son of God."
Baptism "This is my Son"
Transfiguration "This is my Son"
End - The Roman Centurion "This man surely was the Son of God."
Christians today believe in the Trinity -
Holy Spirit
- Jesus as the Son of God; He is God.
The New Testament says:
"The Son is the radiance of God's glory & the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word."
Jesus was
fully God & fully human
Jesus paid the punishment for all in.
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