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Mexican Drug Cartels 1980-Present

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by

Melissa Estrella

on 25 March 2014

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Transcript of Mexican Drug Cartels 1980-Present

1980-1990s



Sinaloa Cartel (Alianza de Sangre/Pacific Cartel/ Guzmán-Loera Organization)

Founded: 1989

Founders:
Pedro Aviles Perez (1960s)/ El Chapo Guzman (Nephew of Mr. Perez)

Location:
Sinaloa, Sonora, Durango, Jalisco

Allies:
Jalisco New Generation Cartel, Gulf Cartel, Knights Templar

Rivalries:
Los Zetas, Juarez cartel, Tijuana cartel, Beltran-leyva cartel

Cartel Style:
drug trafficking, money laundering and organized crime

Highlights: "Mexico's most powerful organized crime group. "Golden Triangle." Opium and marijuana. 200 tons of cocaine and heroin between 1990 and 2008.




Tijuana Cartel
$1.25
Monday, March 24, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Major Drug Cartels
Los Zetas
1991-2001
Mexican Drug Cartels
1.
Gulf Cartel

2. Sinaloa Cartel

3. Tijuana Cartel

4. Juarez Cartel

5. Colima Cartel

6. Oaxaca Cartel

7. Valencia Cartel

8. Los Zetas

9. La Familia Michoacana

Founded
: 1989

Location
: Tijuana

Cartel Style
: money laundering, arms trafficking, murder

Rivalries:
Sinaloa Cartel, Gulf Cartel

Allies:
Juarez Cartel, Los Zetas, Oaxaca Cartel

Highlights:
least powerful in terms of controlling routes, kidnappings

1999
2006
Present
2008
1989
1980

Los Zetas founded as off-shoot of Gulf Cartel
La Familia Michoacana Founded as vigilante group against Los Zetas
Beltran-Leyva Organization Founded as off-shoot of Sinaloa Cartel

2011: Knights Templar founded as off-shoot of LFM

2013: Gulf cartel leader Miguel Angel Treviño caught

2014: Sinaloa cartel leaders caught: “Chapo” Guzmán (again); Waldemar Lorenzana. LFM leader Nazario Moreno caught.

Guadalajara Cartel Founded
Sinaloa and Tijuana Cartels Founded as off-shoots of Guadalara Cartel
Mexican Drug Cartels: FlowChart
Founded
: 1999 in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas as the armed wing of the Gulf Cartel

Founder
: Arturo Guzmán Decena, whose Federal Judicial Police radio code was "Z1"Split from the Gulf Cartel in 2010 to form its own organization

Location:
Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon, Coahuila, Veracruz, Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatan, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Chiapas, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Hidalgo, Queretaro, Guanajuato, Aguascalientes, Mexico - It is the drug cartel with the largest territory in the country.

Allies
: Beltran-Leyva Cartel (disbanded - now Cartel Pacifico del Sur ("El H/La Empresa"), Juarez Cartel, Tijuana Cartel

Rivals:
Gulf Cartel, Sinaloa Cartel, Knights Templar Cartel, Jalisco New Generation Cartel

1970s

Oaxaca, Juarez and Gulf Cartels Founded
1970-1980s Part 1
La Familia Michocana:

Founded
: 2006, split off from Gulf Cartel, founded as a vigilante group against Los Zetas

Founder:
Nazario Moreno González (“died” in 2010, then again in 2014)

Location:
Michoacán

Allies
: Gulf Cartel, Sinaloa Cartel (The New Federation); Sinaloa is a rival and an ally…

Rivals:
Los Zetas, Milenio Cartel
2010: Offered to disband as a cartel if Mexican gov’t offered basic resources to citizens (134), 2011: basically disbanded (Knights Templar)
Beltran-Leyva Organization (BLO):

Founded:
2008
split off from Sinaloa Cartel, killed Chapo’s son in retaliation

Founder
: Beltran-Leyva brothers

Location:
Sinaloa, Morelos, Guerrero, Quintana Roo, Oaxaca, Chiapa

Allies:
Gulf Cartel
2010: Split again, Edgar “La Barbie” Valdez Villarreal captured –
now called Cartel Pacifico del Sur, “El H/La Empresa”). Barbie extradited to US.
Today: BLO seems to be making a comeback

Knights Templar:

Founded:
2011
split off from LFM

Founder
: Enrique Plancarte Solís and Servando Gómez Martínez

Location:
Michoacan, Guerrero
Allies:
Sinaloa Cartel, Gulf Cartel
Rivals
: Los Zetas


2013
: Gulf cartel leader Miguel Angel Treviño caught
2014:
Sinaloa cartel leaders caught: “Chapo” Guzmán (again); Waldemar Lorenzana. LFM leader Nazario Moreno caught.
2001 to Present Part 1
2001 to Present Part II
2001 to Present Part III
Guadalajara Cartel

Founder
: Rafael Caro Quintero, Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo “the Godfather”, and Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo “Don Neto”

location:
Tijuana route, Juarez, Sonora Corridor
Cartel Style:
Laundering, Arms Trafficking

Allies:
Tijuana Cartel, Medellin Cartel, Cali Cartel
Highlights:
Worked heavily with the Colombian Cocaine mafias


SPLIT


Oaxaca Cartel
Founded in the 1970s
Juarez Cartel
Gulf Cartel
Reporters: Melissa Estrella . Lindsay Pollack and Consepsion Rodriguez
Drug Trafficking in the Americas 2014
Full transcript