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Mexican Drug Cartels 1980-Present
Transcript of Mexican Drug Cartels 1980-Present
Sinaloa Cartel (Alianza de Sangre/Pacific Cartel/ Guzmán-Loera Organization)
Pedro Aviles Perez (1960s)/ El Chapo Guzman (Nephew of Mr. Perez)
Sinaloa, Sonora, Durango, Jalisco
Jalisco New Generation Cartel, Gulf Cartel, Knights Templar
Los Zetas, Juarez cartel, Tijuana cartel, Beltran-leyva cartel
drug trafficking, money laundering and organized crime
Highlights: "Mexico's most powerful organized crime group. "Golden Triangle." Opium and marijuana. 200 tons of cocaine and heroin between 1990 and 2008.
Monday, March 24, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Major Drug Cartels
Mexican Drug Cartels
2. Sinaloa Cartel
3. Tijuana Cartel
4. Juarez Cartel
5. Colima Cartel
6. Oaxaca Cartel
7. Valencia Cartel
8. Los Zetas
9. La Familia Michoacana
: money laundering, arms trafficking, murder
Sinaloa Cartel, Gulf Cartel
Juarez Cartel, Los Zetas, Oaxaca Cartel
least powerful in terms of controlling routes, kidnappings
Los Zetas founded as off-shoot of Gulf Cartel
La Familia Michoacana Founded as vigilante group against Los Zetas
Beltran-Leyva Organization Founded as off-shoot of Sinaloa Cartel
2011: Knights Templar founded as off-shoot of LFM
2013: Gulf cartel leader Miguel Angel Treviño caught
2014: Sinaloa cartel leaders caught: “Chapo” Guzmán (again); Waldemar Lorenzana. LFM leader Nazario Moreno caught.
Guadalajara Cartel Founded
Sinaloa and Tijuana Cartels Founded as off-shoots of Guadalara Cartel
Mexican Drug Cartels: FlowChart
: 1999 in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas as the armed wing of the Gulf Cartel
: Arturo Guzmán Decena, whose Federal Judicial Police radio code was "Z1"Split from the Gulf Cartel in 2010 to form its own organization
Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon, Coahuila, Veracruz, Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatan, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Chiapas, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Hidalgo, Queretaro, Guanajuato, Aguascalientes, Mexico - It is the drug cartel with the largest territory in the country.
: Beltran-Leyva Cartel (disbanded - now Cartel Pacifico del Sur ("El H/La Empresa"), Juarez Cartel, Tijuana Cartel
Gulf Cartel, Sinaloa Cartel, Knights Templar Cartel, Jalisco New Generation Cartel
Oaxaca, Juarez and Gulf Cartels Founded
1970-1980s Part 1
La Familia Michocana:
: 2006, split off from Gulf Cartel, founded as a vigilante group against Los Zetas
Nazario Moreno González (“died” in 2010, then again in 2014)
: Gulf Cartel, Sinaloa Cartel (The New Federation); Sinaloa is a rival and an ally…
Los Zetas, Milenio Cartel
2010: Offered to disband as a cartel if Mexican gov’t offered basic resources to citizens (134), 2011: basically disbanded (Knights Templar)
Beltran-Leyva Organization (BLO):
split off from Sinaloa Cartel, killed Chapo’s son in retaliation
: Beltran-Leyva brothers
Sinaloa, Morelos, Guerrero, Quintana Roo, Oaxaca, Chiapa
2010: Split again, Edgar “La Barbie” Valdez Villarreal captured –
now called Cartel Pacifico del Sur, “El H/La Empresa”). Barbie extradited to US.
Today: BLO seems to be making a comeback
split off from LFM
: Enrique Plancarte Solís and Servando Gómez Martínez
Sinaloa Cartel, Gulf Cartel
: Los Zetas
: Gulf cartel leader Miguel Angel Treviño caught
Sinaloa cartel leaders caught: “Chapo” Guzmán (again); Waldemar Lorenzana. LFM leader Nazario Moreno caught.
2001 to Present Part 1
2001 to Present Part II
2001 to Present Part III
: Rafael Caro Quintero, Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo “the Godfather”, and Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo “Don Neto”
Tijuana route, Juarez, Sonora Corridor
Laundering, Arms Trafficking
Tijuana Cartel, Medellin Cartel, Cali Cartel
Worked heavily with the Colombian Cocaine mafias
Founded in the 1970s
Reporters: Melissa Estrella . Lindsay Pollack and Consepsion Rodriguez
Drug Trafficking in the Americas 2014