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Great Gatsby Seminar

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Tiffany Chien

on 26 July 2013

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Transcript of Great Gatsby Seminar

Lets Start!
1. You are walking in a forest. Someone is walking alongside you, who is it? __________
2. You come across an animal in the forest. What kind of animal is it? ___________
3. What do you do to that animal? ___________
Moving on...
7. You walk through your house into your backyard. You see a cup on the floor. What is the cup made of? __________
8. What do you do to the cup? ______________
Setting, Literary Devices & Motifs
By Tiffany Chien, Ian Narain & Teresa Li
Searching Deeper Inside
Instructions:
- DO NOT second guess yourself
- Answer each question
- Write down IMMEDIATE answer

Afterwards...
4. You keep on walking and you cross the forest. You see your home in the distance, What kind of home do you own?____________
5. Does your home have a fence around it? ____________
6. You unlock your door and step inside. You see a table. What is on the table? ______________
Thesis:
Through the use of literary devices, setting and motifs in The Great Gatsby, author F. Scott Fitzgerald adds depth to the novel by allowing the development of different interpretations.
Finally...
9. You walk through your backyard and see water in the distance. You draw near it. What kind of body of water is it? __________
10, How do you cross the water? _________
What Does It All Mean?
1. The person you value the most
2. The size of animal is the size of your problems
3. How you handle your problems
4. The size of your house is the size of your ambitions
5. Fenced=introverted, No fence=extroverted
6. If there's food/flowers, you are happy
7. The durability of the cup is the strength of your relationship with your aforementioned person
8. How you handle difficulty with them
9. The size of the body of water is the size of your desires
10. The amount you get wet is how much you give into temptation.
How Does it Connect?
simple answers are not so simple when analyzed
discover deeper meaning to self
everyone finds own interpretation of story
Literary Devices
Forshadowing
A hint of what will come
"He snatched the book from me and replaced it hastily on its shelf, muttering that if one brick was removed the whole library was liable to collapse" (Fitzgerald 47).
-no specific reference, open to interpretation
-raises anticipation
-deeper meaning (more than a library)
-Downfall of Gatsby?
-Corruption of the American Dream?
-Destroyed reputation of the rich?
Pathetic Fallacy
When weather imitates human emotion
"Once more it was pouring, and my irregular lawn, well-shaved by Gatsby's gardener, abounded in small muddy swaps and prehistoric marshes" (Fitzgerald 85).
-reflect Gatsby's nervousness
-feel it is a new beginning
-indication that their relationship will fail
-enhances the mood, memorable
Situational Irony
When the unexpected occurs
Settings
THE GREAT GATSBY:
“It was on that slender riotous island which extends itself due east of New York-and where there are, among other natural curiosities, two unusual formations of land. Twenty miles from the city a pair of enormous eggs, identical in contour and separated only by a courtesy bay, just out into the most domesticated body of salt water in the Western hemisphere, the great wet barnyard of Long Island Sound” (Fitzgerald 10).
West Egg of Long Island
East Egg of Long Island
 The distance that separates Gatsby from Daisy isn’t just a body of water, it is class division
Distinction between the different types of wealth
"Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us" (Fitzgerald 171).
-expect protagonist to achieve dream
-leaves reader wondering why author ends on a sad note
 “New money”- money that was obtained through self-made fortune.
Gatsby- not able to completely transform to fit in as a member of the upper social class.

 Party House-Gatsby’s Saturday night parties, Guests attend his parties without knowing each other.--superficial society

-confusion=deeper search for answer
-can infer different meanings
wealthier and more elite of the two Eggs, “old money”-wealth that has been inherited. Tom, Daisy, and Jordan lives here.
 Snobby and shallow people

Valley of Ashes

"About half-way between West Egg and New York the motor road hastily joins the railroad and runs beside it for a quarter of a mile, so as to shrink away from a certain desolate area of land. This is the valley of ashes-a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens; where ashes take the forms of houses and chimneys, and rising smoke and, finally, with a transcendent effort, of ash-grey men, who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air” (Fitzgerald 26).

 Home of the poor-representation of desolation and poverty

 corruption of the American dream

 Lower classes (George and Myrtle Wilson) want to leave this region but cannot; demonstrates how the American Dream is impossible to achieve for them.


New York City
Jordan: “I love New York on summer afternoons when everyone’s away. There’s something very sensuous about it-overripe, as if all sorts of funny fruits were going to fall into your hands” (Fitzgerald 119).
"Across the courtesy bay the white palaces of fashionable East Egg glittered along the water, and the history of the summer with the Tom Buchanans” (Fitzgerald 11).
NYC=a place for entertainment.

 Nick Carraway, Tom Buchanan and Jay Gatsby all commute to work in the NYC

 Contrast between city (NYC) and suburban community (2 Eggs), represents not only a geographical divide but also shows a gender distinction as all 3 men work in the city and leave their women at home.

 City= hide-out place: Gatsby goes to NYC to see Meyer Wolfshiem, Tom interacts with his mistress Myrtle in the city.
NYC= money and pleasure:

“The Importance of New York is that it represents glamour, wealth and the social community” (StudyMode).

“New York is a place where anything can happen, as it is one of the most exciting cities in the world” (StudyMode).


Reinforcing Main Events:
Main Event #1
When Nick and Tom go to new york to meet Myrtle:

Setting: New york reinforces the event --> Tom's escape from reality with Daisy

Symbol: Myrtle reinforces the event --> Symbolizes Tom's desires that he did not have with Daisy


Main Event #2
The Event: When Tom, Daisy, and Nick go to Gatsby's parties

Setting: Gatsby's house reinforces the event --> Tom's fear of losing Daisy

Symbol: Daisy reinforces the event --> Maintains control over both Tom and Gatsby while at the party


Motifs of Geography:
Helps develop the social class of America in the great Gatsby

East Egg represents the old rich class who gained their wealth through inheritance or through their job
"Her husband, among various physical accomplishments, had been one of the most powerful ends that ever played football at New Haven- A national figure in a way, one of those men who reach such an acute limited excellence at twenty-one......His family were enormously wealthy - even in college freedom with money was a matter for reproach - but now he'd left Chicago and come east" (Fitzgerald 11)

Represents the Social class requirements to be accepted into East egg



Continued...
West egg represents the newly rich class who gained their wealth by scandal or by a possible breakthrough in their life

Common generalization that the newly rich got their wealth only from scandals
"I didn't hear it. I imagined it. A lot of these newly rich people are just big bootleggers you know" (Pg 104)

Could be interpreted differently since some might have gotten wealth through breakthroughs in careers


Motifs of Weather
Helps develop the mood of certain events in the novel


"The rain cooled about half- past three to a damp mist, through which occasional thin drops swam like dew." (Pg 82)
represents someone from Gatsby's past returning(Most likely someone haunting and fearing)

"When he realized what I was talking about, that there were twinkle bells of sunshine in the room, he smiled like a weather man, like an ecstatic patron of recurring light, and repeating the news to daisy." (Pg 86)

Represents Gatsby's and Daisy's new found happiness in their relationship
Full transcript