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African Americans

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Aiden Cassidy

on 27 April 2010

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Transcript of African Americans

African American Traditions, Culture, and Religious Beliefs Black Power and the Civil Rights Movement. African American Art The African American Culture
a presentation by Aiden, Alexis and Blanca The Black Power movement of the 1960s and 1970s followed in the wake of the non-violent American Civil Rights Movement. The movement promoted racial pride and ethnic cohesion in contrast to the focus on integration of the Civil Rights Movement, and adopted a more militant posture in the face of racism. It also inspired a new renaissance in African American literary and artistic expression generally referred to as the African American or "Black Arts Movement."
This presentation is dedicated to Ms. Dorothy Height who passed away earlier this week. Ms. Height was a leading activist of the 1960's Civil Rights Movement. African American Hope People of African ancestry had a life, and a history that pre-dated their enslavement. In their history is documented evidence of kings, queens, world leaders, professionals and anything that one finds, that is positive, within the larger American society and perhaps the world. While “slavery” was an unfortunate period of devastation to a group of human beings, it did not destroy the will and resiliency of African people. Since the passing of the Voting Rights Act, African Americans are voting and being elected to public office in increasing numbers. As of 2008 there were approximately 10,000 African American elected officials in America. African Americans are overwhelmingly Democratic. Only 11% of African Americans voted for George W. Bush in the 2004 Presidential Election. The religious institutions of African American Christians commonly are referred to collectively as the black church. During slavery, many slaves were stripped of their African belief systems and typically denied free religious practice. Slaves managed, however, to hang on to some practices by integrating them into Christian worship in secret meetings. These practices, including dance, shouts, African rhythms, and enthusiastic singing, remain a large part of worship in the African American church. African American churches taught that all people were equal in God's eyes and viewed the doctrine of obedience to one's master taught in white churches as hypocritical. Instead the African American church focused on the message of equality and hopes for a better future.

Before and after emancipation, racial segregation in America prompted the development of organized African American denominations. The first of these was the AME Church founded by Richard Allen in 1787.

The 10 Worst things you should not say to an African American

The information presented here is for Academic Purposes; and there maybe information contained in the following slide that may be considered offensive 1. Pretending you are part of their culture by using slang such as
hey sista; hey brother; or yo nigga
2. You would't want to start a conversation with racist jokes.
3. Is that your real hair?
4 Bet you cook some mean fried chicken
5. Sup Dawg?
6. All those kids got the same daddy?
7. Did you cash your Welfare Check?
8. How did you get here "affirmative action"
9. Trying to be funny can be interpreted as wrong.
10. Never ask a black woman can you touch her hair.
Some things that you can say to
an African American 1. African American / People of Color

2. Refrain from saying “welfare mothers” instead “these are mothers who receive welfare.”

3.Do not use the word “slavery.” Instead “people of African ancestry were enslaved.” They did not willingly walk into slavery.

4.Be conscious of politically correct terms, which are constantly changing.

5. Being culturally aware. A Case Study of the Race Gap In
Infant Mortaility A brief History In Cook County there are about 90 sleep related infant deaths per year.

African American Infants are 12 times more likely to die of a sleep-related cause
than a white baby.

Infant Mortality is a gauge to the overall heath of communities.

( This relates to SIDS; Accidental Suffocation and Undetermined
sleep-related causes)


The question we ask is can you come up with 2 to 3 solutions, or ways to inform and prevent these infant deaths within the African American Community

CITED: http://www.chicagopublicradio.org

• Funeral traditions within the African American Community tend to vary based on a number of factors, including religion and location, but there are a number of commonalities

• The most important part of death and dying in the African American Culture is the gathering of family and friends. either in the last days before death or shortly after.

• Typically any friends and family members that can be reached are notified.

• This gathering helps to provide spiritual and emotional support, as well as assistance in making decisions.

• The Spirituality of death is very important in the African American Culture. A member of the clergy or spiritual community, or both, are typically present with the family though the entire process.

• Death is often viewed as a transitory rather than final. Many services are also called homegoings instead of funerals. This is based on the belief that the person is going home to the afterlife.

• This is demonstrated in the New Orleans Jazz Funeral tradition where the upbeat music, dancing, and food encourage those gathered to be happy and celebrate the homegoing of the beloved friend.
Ernie Barnes (b1938 - d2009) was one of the most popular artists in the world. His depiction of the African American experience is unique and his vivid imagination is reflected in his artwork.

Ernie was born in 1938 and began painting while playing college football at North Carolina College. He went on to play for five years in the NFL, then decided to call it quits and paint full-time. Many people recognize his painting called "Sugar Shack" from the classic TV sitcom Good Times.
Most of Ernie Barnes' artwork reflect his view of African American lifestyles but he also shows us his continued love for sports. He also has a commitment towards racial and ethnic harmony and many of his paintings reflect it. With all things considered it's easy to see why Ernie is one of the most collected artists
Social issues such as racial profiling,the racial disparity in sentencing, higher rates of poverty, institutional racism, and lower access to health care are important to the African American community. While the divide on racial and fiscal issues has remained consistently wide for decades, seemingly indicating a wide social divide, African Americans tend to hold the same optimism and concern for America as whites. In the case of many moral issues such as religion and family values, African Americans tend to be more conservative than whites. Another area where African Americans outstrip whites in their conservatism is on the issue of homosexuality. Prominent leaders in the Black church have demonstrated against gay rights issues such as gay marriage.

There are those within the community who take a different position, notably the late Coretta Scott King and the Reverend Al Sharpton, the latter of whom, when asked in 2003 whether he supported gay marriage, replied that he might as well have been asked if he supported black marriage or white marriage. Ernie Barnes Current Social Issues in the African American
Community An African American church is not necessarily a separate denomination. Several predominantly African American churches exist as members of predominantly white denominations.

African American churches have served to provide African American people with leadership positions and opportunities to organize that were denied in mainstream American society. Because of this, African American pastors became the bridge between the African American and European American communities and thus played a crucial role in the American Civil Rights Movement. Good Times Theme Song This theme song was part of American Culture during the 70's
It was meant as a tribute to
African American Culture and not
meant to offend.
Question? Is this theme song and its accompaning episodes the beginning of sterotyping and if so how do we, as a society correct it.
Thank You. Chicago, with the second largest urban Black population in the nation, had a huge influx of African Americans during both of the original "Great Black Migrations" north. The largest percent came from Mississippi, but many also came from other South Central states such as Louisiana, Arkansas, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, and East Texas. Most were attracted by the city's railway companies The Black newspaper “The Chicago Defender” Spread the news to African Americans in the south that there was a better life and plenty of jobs in Chicago. They used the trains to let Black Southerners know where to go when they got there, to live and work. It was estimated that about 3,000 Black Americans a day were getting
off of trains in the city during the The history of African Americans in Chicago dates back to Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable’s trading activities in the 1780s.[1] Fugitive slaves and freedmen established the city’s first black community in the 1840s. By the late 19th c., the first black had been elected to office. The Great Migrations from 1910-1960 brought hundreds of thousands of blacks from the South to Chicago, where they became an urban population, creating churches, community organizations, important businesses, and great music and literature. African Americans of all classes built community on the South Side of Chicago for decades before the Civil Rights Movement. Their goal was to build a community where blacks could pursue life with the same rights as whites. Chicago, which produced the nation’s first African-American president, is the most segregated major city in the United States. Blacks comprise more than a third of the Windy City’s 3 million residents, and they are lumped into the South and West sides. “Whites make up nearly 28 percent, largely located to the north and in slivers of the South Side, while Hispanics, about 30 percent of the population, are scattered to the Northwest and Southwest Sides of the city center,” The Chicago Tribune reports. The patterns of Black-White segregation in Chicago were established in the 19th century. African Americans were forced to live in certain neighborhoods, and those strictures were bound by laws and real estate practices and enforced by often abusive and violent means. When hundreds of thousands of Blacks left the South and pushed into Chicago during the early 20th century, they maintained earlier patterns of migration and continued settling in the South and West sides. Some Facts on African Americans in Chicago
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