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Transcript of Conceptual Art
“In conceptual art the idea or concept is the most important aspect of the work. When an artist uses a conceptual form of art, it means that all of the planning and decisions are made beforehand and the execution is a perfunctory affair. The idea becomes a machine that makes the art” Sol LeWitt "Paragraphs on Conceptual Art", Artforum, June 1967.
French artist, Marcel Dunchamp paved the way for conceptual art with the "Readymades". 1913-1923
Marcel Dunchamp wanted to challenge what it meant to be 'art'. during and around the first world war he challenged the art world as he felt art had become out of touch with the real world. His pieces where rejected by the art world at the time and only became recognized by Joseph Kosuth in his 1969 essay 'Art after Philosophy'.
Conceptual art took off in the 1960s, Culture in the western world was changing to a more free thinking artists where challenging what it meant to be art. Often art was a comment on society, political and/or technological aspects of the world we live in.
Conceptual art focuses on the idea or concept of the piece rather than the technical aspects of the art such as formal elements and lighting.
Political, During the 1980s in the UK capitalism and right wing politics(Thatcher ism) became the popular driver in the political world. As such, artists commented on our consumer culture and how that has impacted the way we live out lives.
There has been many technological advances in the last 50 years. The majority of these have been within the last ten years, digitally. Whilst conceptual art has became more popular. Devices such as: the modern DSLR, mobile phones, computers and internet to name but a few, have become the medium for creating and delivering their artistic message. This technological advancement within this period has not only changed the way in which we communicate, design, and plan, it has also opened the doors for anyone with an internet connection and a relatively modern computer to communicate with anyone globally in an instant. Websites such as Flicker and 500 PX, give a medium for artists to showcase their world globally from the comfort of their own homes. Technology makes the world seem smaller due to the digital age and has changed the way we live our lives immeasurably
In 1988 Damian Hurst Curated a show called "freeze". This paved the way for the "young British Artists" movement promoted by the saatchi gallery during the 1990s.
Richard Wentworth was part of the 'young British artists' movement and possibly the most influential of this group. he created the pieces; 'yellow eight' in 1985 and 'shower' 1984.
In 1999 Tracy Emin produced her first solo expedition in New York entitled 'every part of me is bleeding' where she decorated an un-made bed with condoms and blood stained underwear. Tracy emin was sexually assaulted at a young age and this is clearly is an influential factor in her art.
Ryan Church is a concept designer, and art director for such science fiction films as Star Wars, Star Trek, Avatar, and Transformers.
These films can have strong messages and deeper philosophical questions for humanity to answer. 'what sort of world do we want to create for the future?' the art work for these films can portray that message also.
The Round up
Concept art is focused on the idea and message of the image. The Movement started during the 1960s during a time of great cultural and social change due to political influences like capitalism and globalization along with technological influences like Mobile phones and the Internet.
The first example of 'concept art' came from dadaism and was made by Marcel Duncamp in 1913 however he was not recognized by the art world until the 60s.
The movement was popularised by the Young British Artists such as Damian Hurst, Tracy Emin and Richard Wentworth.
Technology such as Photoshop, video and digital media have enabled concept art to flourish.
Concept art has continued on as part of 'post-modernism'.
Mel Bochner taught at the School of Visual Arts in New York. He had a show there called "Working Drawings And Other Visible Things On Paper Not Necessarily Meant To Be Viewed As Art" this became a seminal show in the conceptual art movement. he arranged prestretched canvases of various sizes along a wall, each marked with a horizontal line and a number denoting its width in inches. Together, the lines appear to form a horizon, creating what Jeffrey Weiss in his catalog essay for Bochner’s 2007 exhibit Event Horizon called a representation of “the world as a fantasy of quantifiable truth.”