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The Person-Centered Theory

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Laura May

on 18 June 2014

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Transcript of The Person-Centered Theory

The Person-Centered Approach
Applying the Person-Centered Approach to Group Work in Schools.
Teacher assume the role of facilitators of learning.
Students develop responsibility, self-discipline, and the ability to work cooperatively.
Areas of Application
The Person-Centered Theory
Applying the Person-Centered Approach with Multicultural Populations.
The Person-Centered Approach has been applied to bringing people of diverse cultures together for the purpose of developing mutual understanding.

Empathy is a pathway to make significant connections with persons.
The importance of tailoring methods to fit each individual.
Do not make assumptions about clients based on their cultural background or the specific group to which they belong (Glauser & Bozarth, 2001). They recommend waiting for the cultural context to emerge from the client.
Caution!
Andale, Andale !
Evaluation of the Person-Centered Approach to Groups.
Strengths
Limitations
Is the emphasis on truly listening to and deeply understanding the clients world.
Emphasizes each person's ability to find the answers to his or her own problems.
Creates an egalitarian environment.
Faith and the client's capacity for self-healing is in stark contrast with many theories.
Provide little structure for group members.
The group leaders do not introduce techniques and exercises as a way of helping the group to do its work.
Nonderectiveness does not necessarily translate to "Freedom" for many participants, rather it may become a barrier (Cain, 1990b).
The most important contribution of the Person-Centered Approach to Group Work is that it challenges group therapists to trust the resources of group members into trust their relational characteristics of leaders (and other members) to cultivate these resources (Cain 1990a).
Conclusion
Role and Functions of Group Leaders
Therapeutic Goals
The primary function of the facilitator is to be present and accessible to clients and to focus on their immediate experience.
Carl Rogers
The core theme in his theory is the necessity for non-judgmental listening and acceptance if clients are to change.
Rogers' Basic Assumptions
People are essentially trustworthy
They have a vast potential for understanding themselves.
They can resolve their own problems without direct intervention of the therapist's part
They are capable of self-directed
1. Non-Directive Counseling: The creation of a permissive and non-directive climate.
2. Client-Centered Therapy: Emphasize the client rather than a Non-Directive method.
3. Becoming the self that one truly is: Openness to experience, and trust in one's experience.
4. The Person-Centered Approach.
Development of the Approach
* The Person-Centered Approach aims toward a greater degree of independence and integration of the individual

* Its focus is on the person not on the person's presenting problem.

*Assist clients in their growth process so they can cope with problems they are now facing and and future problems.

*
Equality:
The therapist do not keep their knowledge a secret to mystify the therapeutic process.
*
Congruence
: They are genuine, integrated, and authentic during the therapy hour.
*
Unconditional Positive Regard and Acceptance:
The caring is unconditional; is not contaminated by judgement of the client's feelings, thoughts, and behavior as good or bad.
*
Accurate Empathetic Understanding:
The therapist strives to sense clients' subjective experience, particularly in the
here-and-now
.

Relationship between the therapist and the client
People in the helping profession such as:

Nursing

Medicine

Education

Ministry
Emphasis on Reflection of Feelings: Rogers' emphasis on grasping the world of the client and reflecting this understanding.
Evolution of Person-Center Methods: Rogers' believes the clients have the resourcefulness for positive movement without the counselor assuming an active, directive role.
The Role of Assessment: According to Rogers' is not how the counselor assesses the client but the client's self-assessment.
Therapeutic Techniques
Laura May
Praire View A&M University
Dr. Gardiner
June 17, 2014
Full transcript