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Social Studies 11: World War 2 - Canadian Air-Force
Transcript of Social Studies 11: World War 2 - Canadian Air-Force
Canadian Air Force Airplane
Manufacturing Canada manufactured many fighters for the allies including the Hawker Hurricane http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3503/3866118198_0df7a181d5_o.jpg http://www.learning-to-fly.com/images/Hawker-Hurricane.jpg http://www.wwiivehicles.com/unitedkingdom/aircraft/fighter/hawker-hurricane-fighter/hawker-hurricane-1937-fighter-01.png 1,400 Hawker Hurricanes were build in Canada http://images.smh.com.au/2009/09/24/750541/article400_Hawker-Hurricane-P3351-420x0.jpg * by the Canada Car and Foundry responsible for the main production of this air fighter http://en.academic.ru/pictures/enwiki/70/Fairchild_PT-19_Cornell_USAF.jpg Canadians were the primary
users of this aircraft In Montreal Quebec, the Fairchild Aircraft Div. Manufactured * 4958 PT-19 , PT-23, PT-26 The PT-19 was the primary trainer aircraft 1. 2. http://www.aviationtrivia.info/images/rc_PT19_2.jpg Variants were made later as technology advanced Hawker Hurricane Fairchild PT-19 3. , located in Vancouver BC, Boeing of Canada manufactured 240 PB2B-1 s and 50 PB2B-2 s PB2B-1 http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4011/4529994671_634a5f04a0_z.jpg http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3545/4558502673_5756919a1c.jpg http://www.seaislandhome.org/files/davidHornellPB2B_2__2_.jpg 4. http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3428/3737345499_8ceb1e31f4.jpg Avro Lancaster The Famous 430 were made Avro Lancaster was manufactured at Malton, Ontario Avro Lancasters planes used by
Canadians http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/curtiss-p-40-warhawk-1.jpg For DEFENSE Curtiss P-40 Warhawk oversea efforts in Europe, Northern Africa and Southern Asia CANADIAN 48 RCAF http://www.cmhg.gc.ca/cmh/book_images/high/v3_c6_s04_ss07_05.jpg bomber plane that was used to bomb and drop supplies for allies Avro Lancaster http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2771/4104006061_6098c2de2b.jpg RCAF played key roles in battles like, The Battle of Britain, The Battle of Atlantic, and the bombing campaigns against of Germany AIRFORCE WWII :
IN THE MILITARY British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP) began with not nearly enough men to staff the few training centres available women were called to join, first as the: Canadian Women’s Auxiliary Air Force (CWAAF) Training Training took place at first
at Havergal College No. 6 Manning Depot (TORONTO) http://farm1.static.flickr.com/9/85865218_9036423079.jpg A second Training Centre was later developed at ROckcliffe, near Ontario: http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4103/5201931052_69cf1a3525_z.jpg No. 7 Manning Depot at first, only 8 trades available Clerk Cook Equipment Assistant Fabric Worker Hospital Assistant Motor Transport Driver Telephone Operator General Duty A year later, over 50 trades opened to the women Integration In February 1942 the group was integrated into the Royal Canadian Air Force as the RCAF Women's Division http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nbpennfi/graphics/RCAFWDbadge.jpg http://www.heritage.nf.ca/law/images/rcaf_wd1_600.jpg http://www.heritage.nf.ca/law/images/rcaf_wd2_600.jpg By the end of WWII, 17,038 women had enlisted in the RCAF Women’s Division But No women were trained or permitted to participate as pilots And in other
countries... Great Britain used women to ferry planes as part of the Air Transport Auxiliary http://www.battleofbritainbeacon.com/online-exhibitions/americans-in-the-raf/images/ATA/ATA-2LG.jpg Pauline Gower Organized by eight women began ferrying single-engine Tiger Moth trainers around England in 1940 http://img.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2007/09_02/fempilotDM1109c_468x336.jpg was the first nation The Soviet Union to use women pilots three all-woman regiments: fighter, bomber, and night bomber http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_oIAhQMTG-dU/TB9mbwBGOMI/AAAAAAAAFRg/VwV5hvt6F90/s1600/russia-soviet-union-great-patriotic-war-second-world-war-ww2-eastern-ostfront-russian-front-images-pictures-photos-russian-women-fighter-pilots.jpg Operations monitoring at the Eastern Air Command HQ, Halifax, January 9th, 1943. Aircraftswoman 2nd Class Laura Bagby towing a trainer aircraft with a tractor, No 3 Service Flying Training School (SFTS), Calgary, Alberta. http://www.junobeach.org/e/4/img/PL-11323-pic-e.htm http://historyoflight.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/men-may-fly1.jpg?w=376&h=500 British Commonwealth training programme (BCATP) to train air crew members in Canada for the Allied war effort By the end of the war, more than 130,000 air crew members had been trained. and more than 100 aerodromes and landing fields had been built in Canada Why were we perfect? abundance of air training space beyond the range of enemy aircraft excellent climatic conditions for flying immediate access to American industry we were in relative proximity to the British Islands via the North Atlantic Ocean At first, the Canadian government was not too receptive to the first British proposals for setting up air training schools on its territory proclamation of the state of war on September 10th, 1939, changed the situation entirely voted to support Britain’s war effort British Commonwealth Air Training Plan recognized by historians, politicians and economists as tremendous contribution to war effort trained nearly aircrew for service 137 000 * The Training 1) eight week course involved all aspects of basic flight and navigation and approx. fifty hours of flying in single engined "primary" training aircrafts 2) graduates of an EFTS posted to Service Flying Training School (SFTS) expected to improve navigational skills, master instrument and night flying, and participate in formation flying exercises graduation from SFTS, pilot ready to continue training at an Operationl Training Unit (OTU), generally in Britain * * Other aircrew assigned to BCATP schools devoted to speciality such as navigation, wireless, and bombing and gunnery schools DISTINGUISHED FLYING CROSS (DFC) http://0.tqn.com/d/usmilitary/1/0/m/D/dfc-3.gif http://www.constable.ca/caah/dfc.jpg is awarded to officers and Warrant Officers for an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty performed whilst flying in active operations against the enemy http://www.550squadronassociation.org.uk/images/medals/DFC.jpg Canadians were awarded a total of 4,460 medals * Harvey Alexander Crawford he has destroyed over fifty enemy vehicles three trains throughout his flying career has shot down at least three enemy aircraft Joyce Yu Charlotte Chan Derick Chiou Brian Luk SS11 Block 1-2 First step for those qualified
for pilot training = posting to Elementary Flying Training School (EFTS)