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Enlightened Absolutism and the Balance of Power

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Bret Lineburg

on 10 March 2017

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Transcript of Enlightened Absolutism and the Balance of Power

Enlightened Absolutism and the Balance of Power
Enlightenment and Absolutism
Rights supported by the philosophes
How Enlightened Were They?
Priority was to maintain the system
Only Joseph II sought radical reform
Rulers wanted more power
The War of Austrian Succession
The Seven Years' War
War in Europe (1756-1763)
Prussia has early success; gradually worn down
Peter III (Russia) admires Frederick; withdraws his troops
Treaty of Paris (1763)
Equality before the law
Freedom of religion, press, assembly
Hold property
Natural Rights
Absolute ruler best option for application
Could enforce radical ideas
Nurture arts, science, and technology
Enlightened Absolutism-
a system in which rulers tried to govern by Enlightenment principles while maintaining their full royal powers
Enlightened Absolutists in Europe
Three states were the most prevalent
Prussia
Russia
Austria
Prussia:

Enlightened ideas:
Outlawed torture
Limited freedom of speech and press
What stayed the same?
Kept serfdom
Social structure
Frederick II had powerful army and effective bureaucracy
Austria-Hungary
Maria Theresa improves conditions for serfs
Joseph II's Reforms:
Religious tolerance
Ended serfdom (failure)
Successors undid most of his reforms
Catherine II (Catherine the Great)
Ended torture and promoted religious tolerance
Began serfdom reform
Rebellion halted reforms
Serfdom expanded into other Russian territories
DID expand territory into Poland
Raise Taxes
Create
Armies
Wage
Wars
Wars continued, despite philosophe's criticism
Leaders worried that one state would be too powerful
Great Britain
Austria
VS
France
Prussia
(1740-1748)
Frederick II invades Silesia (controlled by Austria)
France and Britain join
Returned all territories (except Silesia)
Austria. Russia & France
vs.
England & Prussia
The War in India
France and England
All colonial lands now belong to Britain
Europe
Europe:
All territory returned (except Silesia)
North America and India:
France loses all territory to Britain


Silesia
Maria not willing to give up Silesia
New rivalries!
Stalemate leads to end of war; all territories returned
Silesia stays with Prussia
War in North America
Fought over Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Ohio River Valley
Early French victory, but Britain takes over much territory
Full transcript