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Transcript of Academic Integrity
A citation is a way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source and provides the information necessary for readers to find that source including the title, author, date, place of publication.
What is Plagiarism?
The act of presenting another person's work or ideas as your own, without crediting the source.
A Serious Offense
How to avoid Plagiarism?
Using someone’s ideas, but putting them in your own words.
must still acknowledge the source
of the information.
Using someone’s words by placing them in quotation marks.
As Peter Drucker states, ""
is doing things right; effectiveness is
doing the right things.
Because of their unique perspective, Americans fear globalization less than anyone else, and as a consequence they think about it less than anyone else. When Americans do think about globalization, they think of the global economy as an enlarged version of the American economy( Thurow, 1993).
Lester Thurow (1993) maintains that because Americans see globalization simply as a bigger form of their own economy, they are less concerned about it than is the rest of the world.
Use synonyms for all words that are not generic. Words like world, food, or science are so basic to our vocabulary that is difficult to find a synonym.
Change the structure of the sentence.
Change the voice from active to passive and vice versa.
Change clauses to phrases and vice versa.
How to Paraphrase?
It's Free !
What is a Citation?
Dictates the information necessary for a citation and how the information is
Example: HARVARD STYLE
Print Journal article with one author
Author Last name, Initials. (Year) 'Article title', Journal title, Volume (Issue), pp. page numbers.
Tovey, H. (2002) 'Risk, Morality, and the Sociology of Animals - Reflections of the Foot and
Mouth Outbreak in Ireland', Irish Journal of Sociology, 11 (1), pp. 23-42.
- Author(s) Last name (Year)
- (Author(s) Last name, Year)
- Tovey (2002) argues….
- It has been argued (Tovey, 2002)….
Print Journal with two or three authors
First Author Last name, Initials and Second Author Last name, Initials. (Year) 'Article title', Journal
title, Volume (Issue), pp. page numbers.
Lopez, I. and Rodriguez, E. (2011) 'The Spanish Model', New Left Review, 69 (May/June 2011),
pp. 5 – 28.
- First author Last name and second author Last name (Year)
- (First author Last name and second author Last name, Year)
- Lopez and Rodriguez (2011) suggest that…..
- It has been suggested (Lopez and Rodriguez, 2011)….
Print journal with more than three authors
Authors’ Names. (Year) 'Article title', Journal title, Volume (Issue), pp. page numbers.
Janssen, C, Vanhamme, J, Lindgreen, A, and Lefebvre, C. (2014) 'The Catch-22 of Responsible
Luxury: Effects of Luxury Product Characteristics on Consumers' Perception of Fit with Corporate Social
Responsibility', Journal Of Business Ethics, 119(1), pp. 45-57.
- First author Last name et al. (Year)
- (First author Last name et al. Year)
- Janssen et al. (1996) suggest….
- It has been suggested (Janssen et al., 1996)….
Website author. (Year published/Last updated) Title of Internet Site. Available at: URL [Accessed
Day Month Year].
International Tourism Partnership (2004). International Tourism Partnership. Available at:
http://www.internationaltourismpartnership.org/ [Accessed 8 February 2009].
(Website name, Year)
Information available from their website (International Tourism Partnership, 2004) ….
Book with one author
Author/Editor Last name, Initials. (Year) Title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher.
McDonagh, S. (2001) Why are we Deaf to the Cry of the Earth? Dublin: Veritas.
- Author Last name (Year)
- (Author Last name, Year)
- According to McDonagh (2001)
- As has been argued (McDonagh, 2001)
Optical laser has been widely used in the microprocessor industry .
 E. P. Wigner, "Theory of traveling wave optical laser," Physical Review, vol.134, pp. A635-A646, Dec. 1965.
"The moral code or ethical policy of academia"
"The pursuit of scholarly activity in an open, honest and responsible manner." (PSU)
Mohamed AF Ragab, PhD
Pharos University in Alexandria, Egypt
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