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Development of Space Exploration

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akifah ahmad

on 8 February 2014

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Transcript of Development of Space Exploration

Brief Biography:
Development of Space Exploration
Gerard O'Neill
Brief Biography
The legacy of Gerard O’Neill continues with the Space Studies Institution through their projects, their aim to make space colonisation possible and research carried out by the organisation.
Modern scientists have benefitted through the establishment of this non-profit institute, through it's:
Promotion of O’Neill’s space community, allowing for further research into this field.
Sponsoring of Mass Driver developments.
Sponsoring studies in alternative propulsion systems.
Discovery on how to Separate lunar soil into its basic elements through beneficiation.
Sponsoring and proposing mining on asteroids
Funding the study of Lunar Polar Probe
Furthering investigations into solar powered satellites

Gerard K. O'Neill
Akifah Ahmad
Received a PhD in Physics from Cornell University in New York.
Joined Princeton University's Physics department as an instructor and experimented with particle accelerators to increase their energy output.
Invented the colliding-beam storage device.

6th February
Gerard Kitchen O'Neill was born in Brooklyn, New York to Edward and Dorothy O'Neill.
PhD and teaching
First invention
New hobby
Assigned his students to write a paper on human habitat in space, he also wrote a paper of his own exploring the possibilities of space colonisation.
Graduated from Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania with high honours in Physics.
Publishing and establishing
The High Frontier is published and proposes his one kilometre long sealed cylinder capable of human colonisation in space.
established the Space Studies Institute.
27th April
Died of leukemia
Contribution to the development of space exploration
Space colonistion
Mass Drivers
Space Studies Institute
Space Burial

His enthusiastic approach to advocate for space colonisation, achieved through his book The High Frontier and his kilometre long sealed cylinder capable of sustaining humans in space.
Earth’s problems such as pollution, over-population, energy shortages and the need for environmentally friendly energy can be solved by space colonisation.

The cylindrical colonies would have gravity (9.8m\s), normal day and night cycle, natural sunlight and would resemble earth.
The circumference of the cylinder would be divided into alternating strips of land areas called valleys and window areas known as solars, with a rotational period of two minutes.

The space colonies would have separate agricultural, industrial and residential regions.
The main mirrors are made of planar aluminium foil, these mirrors move at angles at which the sunlight hits the valleys at a desirable amount. The solar power stations have paraboloidal mirrors, boiler tubes and a conventional steam-turbine electrical generator, designed to provide the space colony with sufficient power.

His working model of a mass driver which was invented to be used for cheap and efficient transportation of materials from space.
Was an electromagnetic launcher which accelerates the collected materials in a circular path with superconducting magnet coils at a repetition rate of about ten per second.

Gerard O’Neill and his wife Tasha founded the institute in 1977; they aimed to encourage exploration of space for humanity.
Institute’s mission today is to allow for space colonisation to be possible through the use of the energy and material resources available in space.

Modern scientists today have also benefited from O’Neill’s work with Mass Drivers.
Mass drivers are still being explored by scientists, with the development of a Mass Driver Two and earth-based Mass drivers by later scientists. It is predicted that the Mass Driver would be used for disposing nuclear waste, construction of solar power stations and fuelling stations for rockets.

Gerard K. O’Neill was diagnosed with leukemia in 1985; he died on the 27th of April 1992 at Redwood California. O’Neill was cremated and a part of his remains were put in a vial and attached to Pegasus XL and was launched into Earth’s orbit on April 21st 1997.


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Darjany, M. 2013. SpaceX: SES-8 Delivery Suggests Mars Colony by 2023. [online] Available at: http://guardianlv.com/2013/12/spacex-ses-8-delivery-suggests-mars-colony-by-2023/ [Accessed: 18 Dec 2013].

Dyson, F. 2011. Life of Gerard K. O’Neill. [Online] Available at: http://ssi.org/the-life-of-gerard-k-oneill/ [Accessed: 13 Dec 2013].

Encyclopedia Britannica. 2013. Gerard K. O'Neill. [Online] Available at: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/429160/Gerard-K-ONeill [Accessed: 13 Dec 2013

Kolm, H. 2011. Mass Driver Update. [Online] Available at: http://www.nss.org/settlement/L5news/1980-massdriver.htm [Accessed: 13 Dec 2013].

Nss.org. 2011. The Colonization of Space. [Online] Available at: http://www.nss.org/settlement/physicstoday.htm [Accessed: 13 Dec 2013].

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wikipedia.org. 2013. Gerard K. O'Neill. [Online] Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerard_K._O'Neill [Accessed: 13 Dec 2013].

Recently, the Netherlands based organisation, Mars One Foundation, has announced plans for permanent human settlement on Mars from 2023. From, September 2013, approximately 200,000 people have applied for this one-way ticket to Mars. NASA, Space X and Mars One Foundation will be working together to make this possible in the near future. Elon Musk, co-founder and CEO of Space X, wants to see
“an Earth that can sustain itself. He’s also very concerned that people aren’t taking the current global environmental situation very seriously, so he’s upping the ante. He thinks reducing the population by opening other planets for habitation is a way to help facilitate a sustainable global ecology, thereby reducing the population footprint on the Earth”
(Darjany, 2013); echoing what Gerard Kitchen O’Neill had voiced many years before him.
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