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To what extent did Mao's domestic policies solve the problem
Transcript of To what extent did Mao's domestic policies solve the problem
5 Year Plan 1953-1957
Success (for Mao) - Only country that would want a treaty with China was USSR. Signed the Treaty of Friendship Alliance and Mutual Assistance. Gave China money and technical assistance to modernize their industry. Only minimal money received (300 million over 5 years). Based on soviet’s 5 year plan.
Failure (for the people) - The people weren’t getting the rewards. The success was at some cost to the people. Private business and commercial enterprises were nationalized under state control. 58.2% of government investment was to go to industrial development, only 7.6% was to go to the agriculture. Exceeded in some, went under in others.
The Great Leap Forward 1958-1962
Failure- The numbers given by the workers were true, these didn’t meet expectations, and the numbers were then changed by the collectors. Steel/Iron produced wasn’t usable. The goals were set by the government and were too high.
Agrarian Reform 1950
Success (for Mao & Peasants) - Land division went to peasants, and these were Mao’s supporters. They were encouraged to talk and accuse the land owners of what they felt was wrong
- Mao gained the support of many women, a group his opposition had entirely ignored during the civil war
- Life was improved for large numbers of people within China
- Women could own property and land, although it was short lived.
-Younger generations were glad to be able to chose who they were marrying.
Anti-Rightist movement 1957
Success- After the failure of the Hundred Flower Campaign, he enforced this as to stop the protests that there were.
The Hundred Flower Campaign 1956
Failure- People were complaining about his government instead of complaining about what Mao wanted them to. Didn't fight between themselves. Induced the Anti-Rightist Movement
Three Antis and Five Antis 1951-1952
- Target of three antis: party members, government officials and business owners
- Followed by 1952 woman “Five Antis”
- Very popular / good for getting rid of opposition
- They targeted them because they were a threat
Excuse: Corruption, waste bureaucracy
- Targeted cheating on government contracts, stealing state economic information, tax evasion, theft of stake property and bribery
- Employees in private businesses were encouraged to denounce their bosses, who were then required to undertake a thought reform programme to eliminate “wrong thinking”
Cultural Revolution 1966-1976
Failure- Students joined up in the universities and tried to do a revolution against the educating system. Lead by Jiang Quing. It became the cult of Mao. They called themselves the Red Guards. They then start hunting for counter revolutionaries. Mao does the big swim. Instead of fighting the enemy they started fighting each other (they get out of control). Mao then had to go to the PLA (people’s liberating army) for help, PLA got even more severe with the punishments, and start killing/punishing any anticommunists they can find.