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Strategic readers make predictions, visualizations, and connections as they read. They also make inferences.

Lisa Wheeler

on 9 November 2010

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Transcript of Inferences

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Strategic readers make predictions, visualizations, and connections as they read. They also make inferences.
What are inferences?
How do we make inferences?
What do you know about inferences?
How are inferences different than predictions?
Strategic readers predict, visualize, ask questions, summarize, connect,
and infer when making meaning of text.
When you infer, you figure out what the author means
without actually writing. You are reading beween the lines.
Prior Knowledge
(what you already know
about life, a topic, a book,
or an author)
Details from the text
that help you figure out
what the author means...
= An inference!
What is the difference between a prediction
and an inference?
A prediction is an educated
guess about a future event.
It may not happen but it
should be logical. You can also make
a random guess and this would
still be a prediction, though it
would be not be an educated
guess. An inference
is what you decide about an
observation. Inferences attempt
to explain observations
based on evidence or prior
An inference is what you KNOW
about the text based on your prior
knowledge and clues you find in a
You need to be a text detective!
An inference is "reading between
the lines." You figure out what the
author means without the author actually
saying it. It's not a guess and it it's a
real inference, you are not wrong.
Let's practice...

When the director called her name, Julia
felt a cold shiver and her knees felt a little
shaky. However, she smiled bravely. Then,
she cleared her throat and nodded to the
piano player. Suddenly, her shakes and jitters
were gone. As her lovely voice floated out into the auditorium, the director smiled. "Wow!" he said to his assistant. "I don't need to see any more people."

1. Why did Julia feel a cold shiver run down her back?
2. Why does the director say that he doesn't need to see any more people?

How to do your inference
sticky note?

Write sticky note #9.
Write "I" for inference.
Write the paragraph #.
Write what you can infer
based on your prior knowledge
and information in the text.
Paragraph 4

I inferred that Winnie the Pooh was happy to find some honey.
To do your sticky note:

1. Write the sticky note number.
2. Write the letter "I" so we know
it's an inference you're making.
3. Write the paragraph number so
you can find your inference to share.
4. What can you figure out without
the author telling you? What can you
Paragraph 4
I can infer that Winnie the
Pooh is so happy to have his
What do you think it
means to make an

Molly and Sally paid money at the gate. They saw a lot of animals and they even saw a clown riding a unicycle. They saw acrobats. They bought cotton candy and ice cream.

Make an inference to determine where they are.

In "Greyling," the text says, " Yet, once a year, a great grey seal is seen at night near the fisherman's home. And the people in town talk of it, and wonder. But seals do come to the shore and men do go to the sea: and so the townfolk do not dwell upon it very long."

What can you infer?
Full transcript