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India: Colonization to Independence
Transcript of India: Colonization to Independence
he ruled fairly
he gave many Hindus jobs in his government This helped Hindu & Muslim relations! Taj Mahal Decline of Mughal Empire British Rule Mughal ruler Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal as a memorial tomb for his wife 1600s: Wars weakened the Mughal Empire Foreign traders had been setting up trade posts in India Foreign traders gained more power as Mughal Empire weakened; especially the British Direct Rule 1858: British took direct rule over India The British:
imposed taxes over the Indians
took over their land
passed laws which gave the British more rights than the Indians They also:
Controlled what crops the Indians could grow
took the crops to be sold to other areas under British control
let the Indians keep very little of the crops they grew Indian National Congress Formed in 1885 to gain equal status for Indians and to work towards independence for India Gandhi Independence Muslim League Many Muslims within the Indian National Congress grew weary that a Hindu majority country would shut them out of the government The Muslims thus created the Muslim League to gain independence of India and partition it into 2 states: a Muslim state & a Hindu state Mohandas Gandhi was a lawyer who studied in England and became one of the best known leaders of the Independence movement for India. He urged the Indian National Congress to use non-violence in their methods of gaining peace. He was successful! 1947: At the end of World War II, the British gave India independence. Partition India was split into 2 groups: India (Hindu majority) and Pakistan (Muslim majority)