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Saturn

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andrea perez ternent

on 3 February 2014

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Transcript of Saturn


Saturn

Saturn's Symbol
Saturn's symbol looks like a sickle used long ago.The sickle is a tool that is used to cut down grains. It looks like an ancient sickle because planet Saturn was named after the ancient god of seed sowing, Saturn .
Saturn's Name
Saturn got its name from the Romans. The Romans new of the sun, the moon, and the five brightest planets. Saturn got its name from the ancient god of agriculture. Saturn was a god of time as well. Planet Saturn was also named after Saturn the god because Saturn was the god of time, and Saturn takes a long time to orbit the sun.
Saturn is not the only planet that has rings, in fact all of the outer planets have rings. Most people think Saturn is the only planet with rings because they are bigger and brighter and easier to see. Galileo Galilei discovered Saturn's rings in 1610, with his telescope. The rings are made of rock, dust, and ice. Saturn has Seven large rings, four main groups, and three fainter groups. No one knows the exact number of rings Saturn has.
Location
Saturn is the sixth planet from the sun. It is in between Jupiter and Uranus. It is an outer planet.
Moons
Saturn has many moons. The most famous moon is Titan. It is also probably one of Saturn's biggest moons. 62 moons have been discovered and 53 of the moons have been named in alphabetical order.
Saturn
The Jewel of the Solar System
Saturn's Symbol
The Rings of Saturn
Composition and Conditions
Measurements
km: 1,433,449,370
AU: 9.5

km: 1.2 billion
AU: 8.833
Revolution and Rotation
Saturn's revolution around the sun takes 29.66 Earth years. Saturn's rotation on its axis one time is 10 hours and 48 minutes.
Weather
Saturn has an average temperature of -178 degrees Celsius. Saturn is an extremely cold planet.
Temperature
Saturn has a very big storm known as the Great White Spot. The Great White Spot has an unusual temperature drop in the center. This storm is located on the Northern Hemisphere. It is not likely for a storm on the Northern Hemisphere. Cassini spotted the Great White Spot.
The Great White Spot
Appearance
Discoveries
Water
Saturn is a very big planet as seen next to other planets. It is also very light in color. Its color is like a light beige. Saturn has visible rings and the rings are very big as well.
The first person to see Saturn through a telescope was Galileo Galilei in 1610. He was not able to see the rings, though later on he was able to see them. Christiaan Huygens discovered that the "arms" around Saturn were actually its rings in 1659. In that year Huygens also was the first to observe one of Saturn's moons, Titan.

There is a little bit of water on Saturn underneath the upper layer of clouds. More water though is found near Saturn. For example water ice is found in Saturn's moons and rings.
Organism
Sources
Dipteraursusmaritimusspheniscidae is also known as the Dipter, it flies since Saturn is mostly made of gas. This Organism has a lot of layers on its body and has fur. It can only be seen under a telescope. The Dipter would breathe like a human but would not need oxygen to survive. It would be able to survive with helium and hydrogen.To protect itself it would camouflage. It would not have to eat a lot. It would eat the water ice because mainly all of the planet is made from gas.
Dipteraursusmaritimusspheniscidae
Habitability
A human being would die of having no oxygen to breathe and from freezing or burning to death. The people would also die of dehydration because there is very little water and it is frozen and very hard to get. A human would also get torn apart from the wind speeds if they are high.
Terra forming

Exploration
Four spacecrafts explored Saturn. The first one to explore Saturn was launched April 6, 1973; it was called Pioneer 11. The second spacecraft, Voyager 1 was launched on September 5, 1977. Voyager 2 the third spacecraft was launched in August 20, 1977. Last but not least, the fourth spacecraft, Cassini was launched on October 13, 1997. Cassini was able to see and capture pictures of the Great White Spot on Saturn.
The core is made of dense solid rock. The mantle is made of liquid metallic hydrogen and helium. The Atmosphere consists of molecular hydrogen and helium. 96.3 percent of Saturn is made up of molecular hydrogen 3.25 percent of ti is helium. There are also small amounts of ammonia, methane, hydrogen deuteride, ethane, ammonia ice aerosols, water ice aerosols, and ammonia hydrosulfide aerosols. Wind speeds can reach up to 1,100 mph. temperatures range from -178 degrees celcius- 57 degrees celcius.
Saturn's Distance from the Sun
Saturn's distance from Earth
Mass:
Volume:
Diameter:
Density:
Gravity:
5.6846 x 10 to the 26 power
827,129,915,150,897 km cubed
120,536 km
0.7 grams per cubic centimeter
-If a person were to be 100 pounds on Earth that person would weigh 74 pounds on Saturn.
10.44 meters squared
Humans would need to wear an oxygen mask at all times to make sure that the person is not breathing in gases. A human would also need a thermal suit to protect its body from the extremely harsh weather.
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