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qin dynasty facts
Transcript of qin dynasty facts
What is Qin Dynasty?
The Qin dynasty is the first successful/unified empire and multi-national and powerful state in the Chinese history.
The modern word China comes for Qin "chin"
This dynasty only lasted about 15 years(221BCE~207BCE).
→Although surviving only 15 years, the dynasty held an important role in Chinese history and it had a great influence on the following dynasties.
More facts about the Qin dynasty
The first emperor of Qin = Qin Shi Huang
The last(second) emperor of Qin = Qin Er Shi
The major philosophy that Qin dynasty followed was Confucianism and Legalism.Plus, they also followed Mohism.
The Great Wall was built during this Dynasty.
The capital city was "XianYung".
Significant events during the Qin dynasty
The construction of the Great wall
Paper fan was invented
Accomplished a series of swift conquests.
↳Conquered remaining 6 states and all of China
Qin Dynasty's government policy(1)
★nonhereditary bureaucratic system
The government was cruel
The central government had control over the people to make a larger workforce.
Emperor Qin did not want the conquered states to think of themselves as independent nations so he divided the country into administrative units.
The first emperor of Chinese history
He became emperor when he was 13 and when he turned 22years old, he took full control of the empire. before he ruled on his own he had help from a regent.
He started the Imperial period that lasted until CE1912.
He was a cruel ruler who easily killed or banished people who opposed him.
He even burned all books that remained from previous regimes. Because he wanted a new era that started with him.
Qin Shihuang standardized Chinese writing, bureaucracy, scholarship, law,and other things that helped the government and economy.
He expanded the Chinese empire,built a capital in Xian, a system of roads,The Great Wall and a massive fortifications and palaces.
He also managed to reform the political arrangements to ensure warring state scenarios would not happen again.
He brought the Period of Warring States to an end by unifying the nation under his control.
Qin Shihuang's death & influence to the rest of the Chinese dynasties
The great emperor Qin Shihuang died at 210BCE.
The Qin dynasty soon ended after his death,but a unified China still remained over for 2,000years.
Qin Er Shi the son of Qin Shihuang became the second emperor but soon the Qin dynasty collapsed and Han dynasty started.
Still the Qin dynasty influenced the rest of the Chinese dynasties and even modern life.
The Qin Dynasty
"Dawn News." Dawn.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2014.
"Terracotta Warriors, Terracotta Army, Terra Cotta Soldiers, Xian China." Terracotta Warriors, Terracotta Army, Terra Cotta Soldiers, Xian China. 05 Mar. 2014 <http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/shaanxi/xian/terra_cotta_army/>.
Qin Dynasty's government policy(2)
There was an administrative code that sets standards like weights, measurements, and currency was used in the entire empire.
→ This allowed the economy to be more efficient.
There were 36"commanderies."
Qin Shi Huang centralized all the political, economical and military power in his hands to make sure that his power was supreme.
In the central government, he set up the prime minister, Yushi Dafu (Supreme Censor) and Taiwei (Commander in Chief).
"Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC)." Qin Dynasty (221 BC-206 BC) in China History. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2014
"Chinese History - Government and Administration of the Qin Dynasty 秦 (www.chinaknowledge.de)." Chinese History - Government and Administration of the Qin Dynasty 秦 (www.chinaknowledge.de). N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Mar. 2014.
"Ancient China." Biography for Kids: Emperor Qin Shi Huang. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Mar. 2014.
Moskowitz, Clara. "The Secret Tomb of China's 1st Emperor: Will We Ever See Inside?" LiveScience. TechMedia Network, 17 Aug. 2012. Web. 05 Mar. 2014.
Qin Dynasty flag
About Qin Shiuang
Qin Shiuang's Accomplishments
Qin Shiuang the Great Emperor
Myths & information about the tomb of Qin Shihuang
The tomb of Qin Shi Huang is found in the eastern suburbs of Lintong County,22 miles east of Xian(capital).
The shape of the land from Lishan to Mount Hua is shaped dragon-like according to traditional Chinese geographic features. The tomb is at the eye of the dragon.
It is larger than the Great Pyramid in Egypt. there's a cliff of about 47 meters (154 feet) high, 515 meters (1,690 feet) long from south to north and 485 meters (1,591 feet) wide east to west.
In an area of 2,180,000 square meters (less than one square miles), many large-scale elaborate buildings housing precious treasures are said to be buried inside the tomb.
Over 700,000 workers built the tomb.
The Terracotta Warriors
There were over 8,000 different unique soldiers in the tomb, an none of them were exactly alike.
The army is built facing 1.5 kilometers away from enemy territory, situated in the Lingtong District, Xi’an, in the Shaanxi province of China.
Terracotta Warriors one of the most memorable things thin the tomb.
Inside the Tomb
According to ancient texts and legends, under the Emperor’s tomb lies an entire catacomb of cities, oceans, rivers of mercury and even the sky complete with the celestial constellation.
More Facts of the Tomb
Centuries later, geographer Li Daoyuan said that the reason for choosing this site could also be that it once had a gold mine towards its north and a jade mine towards the south and that the tunnels might already have been there in the first place making it easier to dig.
Remember the Emperor was only 13 years old when he started the construction ,so he was obsessed with life and even it is said to have drank strange potions to extend his life.
Conclusion and Mystery of the tomb
Nobody has been where the emperor is buried because archaeologist don't have the right technology to properly excavate it.
Qin Shi Huang was the most extravagant tomb in China, it has an extensive collection of underground caverns and soldiers containing everything the emperor would need for the afterlife.