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Transcript of Teaching Methods
Directed Models & Constructivist Models Directed Models:
a teaching method that is used
to help students learn basic skills and knowledge that can be taught in steps. Examples of teaching methods and assessment 1. When multiplication is taught, the teacher gives handouts of the multiplication table for students to learn. They start learning in numerical order because this is the order it goes in. A way to assess student learning is to give tests at the end of every two tables taught. Pros of Directed Teaching Models 1. Best for teaching basic skills and facts.
2. Easy to measure what the student has learned.
3. Is widely accepted and preferred.
4. Learning environment is structured and properly sequenced. Cons of Directed Teaching Models 1. No room to modify the lesson because this is a step-by-step method of teaching.
2. In order for direct teaching to be effective it needs to be taught by teachers who have a mastery of the subject,
3. It can get in the way of creativity.
4. Goals and objectives are set by the teacher.
5. Teacher controls learning process. Constructivist Method: Knowledge is personal and the student learns through interactions and experiences that he has. The teacher is there to give direction. Examples of teaching methods and assessment. 1. An example of a teaching method would be during a reading class where the teacher puts the students in groups and assigns each group a segment from the chapter to read and summarize for the class. During this time the students from each group are interacting with each to find the key points. After a certain amount each group then presents their segment to the class. A way to assess this lesson would be to give handouts on questions from the chapter to be answered in class. Pros of Constructivist Teaching 1. The students engage in learning the subject with their peers while doing activities.
2.Working as a group teaches them to research and explore.
3. Students learn to work with others.
4. Student controls learning process.
5. Learning environment is open and flexible.
6. Goals and objectives are set by the learner. Cons of Constructivist Teaching 1. Not all students like to work in groups.
2. This method works best with children form privileged backgrounds only.
3. The teacher won't put the blame on herself if the students don't learn the lesson. Direct approach teaching method leans more toward transmitting and passing on the knowledge for example, the teacher is giving information and the student is receiving it. Constructivist method leans more toward the knowledge being created in groups and individually allowing them to set their own goals but with the teacher’s guidance. 2. Another example of a constructivist teaching method is this project of creating a prezi presentation on-line with a group. Our group is getting involved with constructive knowledge from what we already know and sharing it within the group. We all learn from one another and are highly motivated to share our experience. Our group sends each other e-mails with tasks and deadlines of the work content needed. Each one of us is responsible for our own work.
3. Example of a constructivist approach is by doing an experiment in a science class. You allow students to pick an experiment to do at home. Then they come to the classroom and talk about the results. This gets the students to use their communication skills, interact and learn from other students. The teacher guides the students with questions 2. An example of objective/directed approach method of teaching is when the teacher makes the students work individually. When learning spelling words, the teacher has the student write each word ten times each so that it becomes repetitious to the student. The teacher then assesses the student by testing him on how to spell the word.
3. Another example is when the teacher assigns students a curriculum with the teacher’s set goals and objectives to be learned. This does not allow the student to expand his knowledge nor share experiences with other students. When teaching a chapter from a U.S. History textbook, students are to read what is in the chapter and memorize the information rather that do broad research on how does the past history compare with the present. The teacher will then assess the student by testing them on all the capitols and states of the U.S. In our opinion as a group we chose the Constructivist Method as being the most effective. In this method children learn to work in teams and each has a responsibility with a deadline to turn in their assigned work which keeps them looking out for the due date. Children like to interact with other children which keeps them looking forward to cooperative learning. We believe it is the most effective method because it brings out shy students to interact and start participating more. Which is more effective in the classroom? 4.Another example of the objective/directed approach is when the teacher provides objectives to the students with specific instructions. When learning angles the teacher provides information and examples over the different interior and exterior angles. The students are to listen and take notes. This is a format of information processing, where the students have to understand the information and store it to memory. The teacher then assesses the students by testing them on the names and degrees of the interior and exterior angles. 4. Another example of a constructivist approach is by having students in a spanish class, work on there final presentation in groups. The students have twenty words that they need to present in present and past tense form. They work in groups to obtain sentences and accents that they need. This allows the students to broaden their knowledge and interact with others at the same time. 5. The constructive approach can also apply to a large class setting. A government teacher brings up the topic of government funding chapter six, where he assigns each group a topic to discuss. Later a member of each group will present their findings and the class as a whole will collaborate on certain view points. This allows the students to gain a greater sense of the topic and increase there public speaking skills. Material for Teaching Models Project
equally provided by:
Dora Moreno Acknowledgment of cites: www.brighthubeducation.com/teaching-methods-tips/5487-pros-cons-of-direct-teaching/
Arends, R. Learning to teach. 9. New York: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages, 2011. Print THE END Take a minute to view these videos for a better understanding of the difference between direct and constructive approach in teaching. To the left is your direct method and to the right is the constructivist method.