Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Krakow 2

No description
by

Jan Kubik

on 22 September 2017

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Krakow 2

MARIE SKŁODOWSKA-CURIE ACTIONS
Innovative Training Networks (ITN)

Delayed Transformational Fatigue in Central and Eastern Europe: Responding to the Rise of Illiberalism/Populism

Project leaders:

Dr Richard Mole
(Principal Investigator and Programme Director)
Prof Jan Kubik
(Scientist-in-Charge and Managing Director),
UCL SSEES

(Symbolic) polarization and hegemony
Populist polarization, autocracy, revolution, and democracy
Conceptualizations of polarization

Hegemony and polarization (Gramsci and Laitin)

Once the hegemonic divide is defined in terms of good versus evil, a politician can easily assume the role of redemptor

Polarization and:
non-democracy
revolution
democracy (danger?)
Why is populism a problem in democracy?
Norris and Inglehart (2016:2) observe that there are three groups of explanations of the electoral fortunes of populists. Explanations tend to focus on:
The demand-side of public opinion
The supply-side of party strategies
The constitutional arrangements governing the rules of the electoral game

They test two theses:
economic inequality thesis
cultural backlash thesis

Our approach:

The rise of (right wing) populism seems to be a form of the
delayed
and
constructed
cultural/political backlash:
Against what?
Delay: What is it? Why?

Demand side (
fatigue
) is studied more intensely
we want to focus on the interaction of demand and supply sides

Cultural dimension of populism's rise is understudied:
Need more work on the
supply
side
(Sub)cultures of illiberalism/neo-traditionalism
Construction of fatigue
Varieties of populism:
ideational approach
Necessary features of the phenomenon:
thin
versus

thick

Thin populism
(Mudde 2007; Kriesi and Pappas 2015:4):
Binarism: “people” and “elites” as separate and mutually exclusive sets
Antagonism: between the two sets
Idea of popular sovereignty (substance of democracy trumps procedures)
Manichean outlook: the essential feature of social/human reality is the struggle of the forces of good and evil

Thick: right wing populism
:
thin populism +
nativism (nationalism)
personalistic authoritarianism (anti-institutionalism)
religion (?)
"Ideational approach" to populism (preliminary typology):

Thin versions:
Urbane populism
. Principal goal: combating corruption (Babiš and
ANO
in the Czech Republic).
Folk populism
. Principal goal: protection of the nation/people. (Meciar and
HZDS
, and several other populisms in Slovakia).
Thin (left-leaning) populism
. Principal goal: economic protection of “people.” (Fico and
SMER-SD
in Slovakia).

Thick versions:
Comprehensive political populism
. Principal goal: illiberal democracy (Orban and
Fidesz
).
Extreme right wing populism
(fascism?). Principal goal: aggressive defense of “the purity” of national substance (Kotleba’s
People's Party – Our Slovakia
,
Jobbik
in Hungary,
National Movement
(part of the
Kukiz'15
coalition in the Parliament after 2015) in Poland.
Messianic/religious populism.
Principal goal: civilizational transformation (Kaczyński and
PiS
in Poland).

Two methods of studying cultural (and economic)
demand theses
: surveys and community studies
Survey: Inglehart and Norris 2016, Diane Mutz, 2017

Community studies:
Key concepts
Thin and thick populism (varieties)
Thickening and thickening agents:
binary versus ternary model ("enemy")
core ideologies
Supply versus demand side of politics
Polarization
Economic
Social
Political
Cultural/symbolic
Direct opposites of populism:
pluralism
elitism

EOD:
REDEMPTION
- the action of saving or being saved from sin, error, evil
Mutz:

Trump’s support was
not
driven by personal economic hardship or by prospective personal economic concerns.

It was driven by the
sense of threat
either to the domestic
social status
of an individual’s ingroup or the global status of the country as whole.

Based on Pappas and Kriesi, eds., 2015
Project's goals:
describe
the rise of populism, its features
interpret
its meaning (from "the native's points of view"
explain
its emergence and consequences
propose
remedial measures (policy relevance)
train
the next generations of researchers
Full transcript