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Transcript of Abstracts
Locate: putting it into context, in the discourse community and in general. Larger issues and debates are named and potentially problematised. In naming the location, the writer is creating warrant for their contribution and its significance, as well as informing of its relevance
"A good abstract will tell you what the key issue that's addressed is, it'll give you an idea of the methods that have been used and the conclusions that have been arrived at. So the abstract ought to tell someone whether its worth them spending part of their life reading the paper. If the abstract dosen't do that the chances are that the paper will have further weakness" David Gillborn, editor of
Race and Ethnicity in Education
"Writing an abstract is a critical strategy for clarifying the contribution and not only finding but also taking a place in the conversation"
Thompson, P and Kamler, B (2013:60)
Focus: this means identifying the particular questions, issues or kinds of problems that the paper will explore, examine and/or investigate
Anchor: the term intended to indicate the foundations on which the paper is made, ensures the writer makes a specific statement about the empirical work that has been done.
Report: this means outlining the research, sample, method of analysis in order to assure readers that the paper is credible and trustworthy, as well as the major findings that are pertinent to the argument made
Argue: this means opening out the specific argument through offering an analysis. This will move beyond description, it may offer speculations, but will always have a point of view and take a stance.
based on the work of Thomson and Kamler (2013)
Some Sentences beginnings to start
LOCATE: ... is now a significant issue (in/for) .... because ... Expand by up to one sentence if necessary)
FOCUS: In this paper I focus on ...
ANCHOR: The paper draws on (I draw on) findings from a study of ... which used ... in order to show that ... (expand through additional sentences)
REPORT: The analysis of the findings shows that ...
ARGUE: The paper argues that ... and concludes (I conclude) by suggesting that ...