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Short Story Unit Introduction

Grade 8

Christel Hansen

on 29 October 2012

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Transcript of Short Story Unit Introduction

Inquiry Activity Short Story Notes Elements of a Short Story Other Key Ideas Short Story Unit What are short stories? A short story is a short work of fiction (fiction is imaginary literature in the form of written language). Think of them as “snack-size” versions of novels.

There are 5 elements of a short story (they also apply to novels, such as “The Hobbit” by J.R.R. Tolkein). Plot Flashback – An incident, usually occurring in the memory of a character in the story, which presents an event that took place prior to the action of the story. It is often used to introduce background information after the main conflict in the story has begun.

Foreshadowing – A technique where an event or incident is indicated beforehand. The author gives careful hints or clues about main events of a story that are going to happen.

Mood – A person’s state of mind or complex of emotions at any given time. When a writer uses the setting, action, and characters of a story as to suggest a dominant emotion or pattern of emotions, it can be said that this emotional pattern is the mood of the story.

Dramatic Irony – In dramatic irony, the words, actions, or situation is understood by the reader but not fully understood by the characters. Please hand in book reports Housekeeping Think of the following questions as you watch the video "The Plot Device" Short Stories The plot is the sequence of events that take place in a story. Some type of conflict is introduced and resolved. There are 2 main types of conflict

I.Internal Conflict
Internal conflict is “man versus himself”. This means that the character is having an inner struggle. For example, in “Star Wars III: Revenge of the Sith”, the young Jedi Anakin Skywalker has to determine whether to serve his powers for good or turn to the dark side.

II.External Conflict
External conflict is “man versus man” (think of the movie Avatar), “man verses nature” (think of the show Survivor), “man verses society” (Bella from Twilight who battles human society for her decision on becoming a vampire), “man verses beast” (Little Red Riding Hood vs. the Wolf), or “man verses the supernatural” (Harry Potter vs. Voldemort). Tests
Paragraph assignments
Short Story Unit (Oct. 21
to Nov. 16)
Short Story Project
(Nov. 14) What was this video about?
What is the "Plot Device" and what did it do?
What genres did you see?
How does this relate to short stories?
What makes a good story?
Are there certain elements that a good story must contain? How to Influence the Reader Through
"Snack Sized" Stories Discuss the following questions with a clock partner What was this video about?
What is the "Plot Device" and what did it do?
What genres did you see?
How does this relate to short stories?
What makes a good story?
Are there certain elements that a good story must contain? Setting This is the location and time in which the story takes place.

The setting may include:
I.Historical Time Period (World War II)
II.Chronological Time (December 21, 2012)
III.Geographical Location (Calgary, Alberta)
IV.Specific Place of Action (in a field)

Are there any other types of setting? _____________________________________ Characters A character is a person or animal in the story. There are two types of characters.

I. Protagonist
This is the main character in the story. Often, this character is recognized as the “good guy.” For example, Harry Potter.

This is the secondary character in the story. This character is known as the “evil” or “bad” character. This character also has a conflict with the protagonist. For example, Voldemort. Point of View Point of view is from what perspective the story is being told. In other words, who is telling the story? There are 2 main categories for point of view.

I.First Person
When writing in this point of view, the pronouns “I”, “me”, “we” are used. The readers experiences the story through this person’s eyes and only knows what he/she knows and feels.

II. Third Person
When writing in this point of view, a narrator is used. This narrator sees all of the action and uses pronouns “he”, “she”, “it”, “they”, “his”, “hers”, “its”, and “theirs.” The omniscient narrator is all knowing and all seeing. The limited narrator only knows and sees from the perspective of one character. Theme This is the central message or “moral of the story”. Some common themes include “believe in yourself”, “love will conquer all”, “don’t judge a book by its cover.” Bell Work Use your Bell Work scribbler to start your short story. You can:

Continue writing from a previous topic (it must be different than the three paragraph topics you handed in).
Full transcript