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Social Timeline (~300 C.E.)

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Justin Rhee

on 25 September 2012

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Transcript of Social Timeline (~300 C.E.)

~ 600 C.E. Social Family Relations
& Gender Roles 1000 C.E., Ghana = well-established
Kumbi Saleh = capital of Ghana
separated into two
Was conquered in 1076 C.E. 1st city = “royal” people & his citizens
2nd city = traders, religious leaders & scholars
Different people lived together for communal reasons
Ghana -> an army of 200,000 men
male dominant society Early 7th century women = religious figures
Japanese laws = decreased women’s control over their children
9th century women = not allowed to be in imperial family
Women < Men Fall of Women’s Power in Japan Ghana’s Men Dominant Society Who do you think is this woman? Why do you think so?
Tell your partner The Mayan Social System Mesoamerica Developed in 1 C.E. in Mexico
Area of 9 square miles
Population of 200,000
Greater than Mesopotamia & Egypt
Certain people -> residential districts
At least 6 social classes
Safety of “high” people > safety of “common” people Teotihuacan 300 C.E. - 900 C.E: Mayan social system
Many relationships - women & men, elites &commons
Men > Women. depends work & job
Higher class > lower class. depends living conditions.
Successful cooperation & interactions = success of Maya 1st and 2nd Centuries of Rome - Increase of slaves by military expansion of Rome
- 61 C.E, a riot by slaves
- Aristocrats executed all the slaves - Economy of Rome depended on slaves
- did all the minor jobs In 31 B.C.E
Patriarchy = Law for men
Women = no rights in marriage
Upper class women = more power & rights
Augustus encouraged women & children rights > men
Claudius changed law to marry niece legally - Christianity = equality to all people
- Encouraged the poor
- Existence of heaven -> hope During 133 B.C.E
Trade and wealth helped the upper classes to prosper
Crisis of Republic = more slaves
Dispossessed farmers = increased Roman population
Slaves mostly from Britain, Spain, Africa
Economy of Rome depended on works of slaves Family structure & Connection w/ Politics The Riot of Slaves Slaves Who do you think is the most important person in this family? Tell your partner Early Civilizations of China (1122 BCE - 220 CE) Classical Civilizations in Greece and Persia
(800 BCE - 100 BCE) Slavery Greek: b/c of frequent wars, slaves in wars
Persia: high ranks to serve high classes Gender Roles Myth women = powerful
HOWEVER, real life,
Men > Women
Women -> obey to Men Class & Positions Women in low position: no rights
Women in high classes: power & rights Hellenistic Cities Women -> more freely
Queens -> great power Civilizations
of India
(700 BCE - 300 BCE) How can you describe the goddess in this picture? What is different with the reality? Explain Why Caste System The untouchables = not in the castes
Gap between the castes -> hardened Connection w/ Religion Inequality of caste system from Hinduism
Influence of belief about a soul's rebirth & karma
= caste system hardened How does the picture describe about karma? How does it relate to caste system? Explain. 4 Varnas (categories) of Caste Gender
Inequality Women in all castes = No own properties & right
Loyalty & Obedience to husbands
Last BC, freedom & many opportunities! Family Relations Only highest castes -> 4 generations
Mostly nuclear family
Patriarchy = Man power in family
Caste system & gender inequality influence The Shi From Zhou era,
Shi : scholar-administrators by examinations
No low classes allowed
Dominance of Shi
Influenced by Confucianism Shi Nai'an - one of the greatest writers Scholar-Gentry From Han era,
Chosen by government-held examinations
Become China's social leaders
Superseded the Shi
Wealth & authority & power Women in high classes -> more freedom & status
Marriage mostly by family alliance
Women's parents protect daughters from men
HOWEVER, Men > Women Presentation by Justin Rhee, Jenna Choi and Young Kim Connection with Religion Teotihuacan
(1 C.E. ~ 650 C.E.) What can you tell about this social system by looking at this picture?
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