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Demography of the Kingdom of Belgium

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Pauline van Tulder

on 9 February 2017

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Transcript of Demography of the Kingdom of Belgium

Demography of the Kingdom of Belgium
Pauline van Tulder
Kingdom of Belgium
: 11,267,910
Population Density
: 363 people per km^2
Birth rate
: 11.1 per 1,000
Death Rate
: 9.3 per 1,000
Rate of Natural Increase
: 1.79 per 1,000
Population <15 yrs
: 17.12 %
females: 933,910 males: 978,392
Population >65 yrs
: 18.4%
females: 1,188,458 males: 911,199
Population of women 15-49 yrs
: 2.5 million
Total Fertility Rate
: 1.75 (2014)
Demographic Data
Predicted Populations
Life expectancy
: 80.588 yrs (2014)
Males: 78.1 yrs (2014)
Females: 83.2 yrs (2014)
Infant mortality rate/1000
: 3.3 (2015)
Child mortality rate/1000
: 4.1 (2015)
Maternal mortality:

Maternal mortality ratio: 7/100,000
% population urban vs. rural
Urban: 97.86%, 11,043,981 people
Rural: 2.14 %, 241,740 people
Predominant ethnic/religious groups
: French, Italians, Dutch, Moroccans (2015)
Ethnicities: 58% Flemish, 31% Walloon, 11% other
Religions: Roman Catholic 75%, other (includes Protestant) 25%
Immigration/emigration rates
Net Migration Rate: 5.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016)
immigration: 18% of the entire population (2010)
1/2 come from EU members, and 8% of the 18% are naturalized
Life Expectancy
Belgium is a country in Europe
bordered by: France, The Netherlands, Germany, Luxemburg, The North Sea
Government: federal parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy
2016 Economic Freedom Score:
68.4 (down 0.4 point)
GNP(GNI) per capita ($US):
$44,250 (2015)
GDP per capita (PPP):
$44,900 (2016)
Total GNP/GDP:
101.7701 (2010)
Total GDP:
USD $508.6 billion (2016)
Primary natural resources:
construction materials, silica sand, carbonates, arable land
Primary exports:
machinery and equipment, chemicals, finished diamonds, metals and metal products, foodstuffs
Social and Political Data
Literacy rates
: 99%
females: 99%
Health care
: mandatory health insurance, subsidized health care
Health care expenditure
: US$ 4,884.07 (2014)
Birth control availability
: 70.4 % use contraceptives in any modern manner as of 2010
abortion is legal within 12th week of pregnancy
Status of women (% working, etc)
Women in labor force: 58% (2014)
Unemployment of females in labor force 8.40% (2014)
Gender Inequality Index: 0.068
Women in Parliament: 38.9% (2013)
National Policy on Population
Contingent analysis found that Belgium's government has tried to make families have more children by offering better maternity leave and an easier transition back to work for mothers. However, it has been noticeable that families are viewing options and strategies for family planning, instead of just bearing the most children as possible.
In terms of a growing population because of immigration, Belgium has never completely closed off its border. It is known to be a country that accepts migrants, over the years it has simply changed its policy with quotas, etc. By 2000 the immigrant population made up more than 8.8 percent of Belgium's total population.
Works Cited
"A statistical overview of the Belgian population." Belgium.be. N.p., 17 June 2016. Web. 28 Jan. 2017.

"Population Growth (annual %)." Population Growth (annual %) | Data. The World Bank Group, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2017.

"Birth Rate, Crude (per 1,000 People)." Birth Rate, Crude (per 1,000 People) | Data. The World Bank Group, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2017.

"Belgium Population Rate of Natural Increase, 1950-2015." Knoema. World Data Atlas, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2017.

"Women in Belgium." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2017.

"Belgium Age Structure." Belgium Age Structure - Demographics. Index Mundi, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2017.

"Population Reference Bureau." Population Reference Bureau. PRB Family Planning Worldwide 2013 Data Sheet, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2017.

"Health Nutrition and Population Statistics (World Bank)." Knoema. Knoema, 16 Dec. 2016. Web. 28 Jan. 2017.

"Economy of Belgium." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2017.

"Contact CIA." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2017.

"The Belgian Healthcare System." Healthcare | Expatica Belgium. Expatica, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2017.

"PopulationPyramid.net." PopulationPyramid.net. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2017.

"Ratio of GNP to GDP for Belgium." Ratio of GNP to GDP for Belgium | FRED | St. Louis Fed. FRED Economic Data, 03 Apr. 2013. Web. 28 Jan. 2017.

"Population "climate" and population policy in Belgium." Population "climate" and population policy in Belgium. | POPLINE.org. N.p., 1994. Web. 04 Feb. 2017.

"Belgium's Immigration Policy Brings Renewal and Challenges." Migrationpolicy.org. Migration Policy Institute, 28 Mar. 2014. Web. 04 Feb. 2017.

"Belgium." Economic Survey - Belgium 2005: The Policy Challenge: Preparing for Population Ageing - OECD. OECD, 2005. Web. 04 Feb. 2017.
Belgium has an "ageing population"
stable, with very low poverty rate
Immigration rate will continue to increase and add to the work force population
Population will continue to increase but at a slow rate
great for the environment, not so much for older generations
less taxpayers, means less money for social security/services
However, future of Belgium should not be worrisome, very constant GDP/government
All data from 2016 unless marked otherwise
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