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Sistan Basin, Afghanistan

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Parthiv Bhalja

on 12 January 2015

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Transcript of Sistan Basin, Afghanistan

Sistan Basin, Afghanistan
Well, to answer this question it is very simple, it is not a good place to live in. It has very bad weather conditions and deadly storms.
Is Sistan Basin a good place to Live in?
The weather of Sistan Basin is always hot and known for its windstorms, extreme floods and droughts. The annual precipitation in the Sistan basin is about 100 mm. In autumn, the weather is moderate but in winter it is very cold and it drops below -12degrees centigrade in the summer it exceeds 500C. The water in that lake is declining because of the intense heat. That’s why it is too cold in the winter and too hot for much life although it has a limited number of jobs. In the spring when snow melt in the Afghanistan Mountains that brings large quantities of water into the basin. As a result livelihoods in the Sistan region are strongly dependent on the wetland products and services as well as, on agricultural activities in the Sistan Basin. Also fishing and hunting represent an important source of income for people and because of this reason local economy is strongly dependent on weather conditions, precipitations and land use. Some of the storms in Sistan Basin are dust storms which are called “Wind of 120 days”, they occur during mid-May to mid-September. It has an averaged wind speed of 20 miles/hour. This sandstorm has damaged many villages, farmlands, roads and natural vegetation.
Sistan Basin has recently experienced a ten year long drought that has created conditions of wide spread famines that has affected many people. Also the Sistan region has suffered a significant destruction of plant life. Since natural water sources are limited; the people have to revive the vegetation by using waste water. Helmand River and Humoun lakes are ecologically very valuable and important wetlands in Sistan Region. This study presents the result of a study on comparing features of vegetation in the three different sites- dry land, agricultural and wastewater areas in the Sistan region.
The sanitation is very poor because of unsafe sanitary facilities that are why contamination is a major issue in Sistan Basin. The use of medicines is very limited because there are not enough medical clinics to support the health issues, so usually some people go to a forest to make homemade medicines. There are no schools near or close to Sistan Basin except for the ones that teach religious languages which could also teach the children how to keep clean. But there are schools 3-4 km away from Sistan Basin which teach the whole curriculum, but have some money with it.
Sanitation Problems
Thank you for listening my report on Sistan Basin, Afghanistan. I hope you learned a lot from it; the climate (weather), the vegetation and water problems! You must have learned that Sistan Basin has a harsh environment and is a very difficult to survive in.
The place that I researched is very devastating and a difficult place to live in; it is called Sistan Basin. There is no benefit of living in Sistan Basin; the reasons will be explained to you. Sistan Basin covers large parts of south-western Afghanistan and south-eastern Iran. It is one of the driest regions in the world. The longitude and latitude of Sistan Basin is between 30 degrees 5’-31 degrees 28’N and 61degrees 15’E-61degrees 50’E. Sistan Basin covers approximately 15197 km2 and has a population of about 400,000. It is a large and remote desert basin. Sistan Basin receives the water from the Helmand River that originates from the central Afghanistan. The Basin includes a complex and unique wetlands system consisting of three large shallow lakes and series of smaller lakes such as; Hamun-e Pazak, Hamun-e Sabari, and Hamun-e Helmand.
dust sorm
dry lake humun



"Sīstān." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.

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