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The Spread of the French Revolution

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Ms. Mc Caffrey

on 30 January 2017

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Transcript of The Spread of the French Revolution

The Spread of the French Revolution
Slogan of Revolution
The ideas of the revolution were summarised in the slogan
The Women of Paris
Many people were still angry with the king and his wife, Marie Antoinette. Bread shortages continued, and there were rumours that the king was bringing in troops to stop the revolution. The market women and the fishwives of Paris marched in Versialles. They forced the king and his family to leave Versailles and live in Paris.
Major Events
The Flight to Varennes, 1791
Louis continued to resist the revolution.
He next planned to leave France to get help from his brother in lawthe Emperor of Austria.
He attempted to leave in a carriage, but he was recognised and stopped at the village of Varennes.
He and his family were brought back to Paris.
The Spread of the Revolution
The fall of the Bastille encouraged the middle class, the peasants and the laborers in other parts of France to take action. Nobles' houses were attacked, and many nobles fled the country. The National Assembly was forced to take action.
i) The National Assembly abolished the privileges of the nobles and tithes.
ii) The Assembly passed the Declaration of the Rights of Man, stated that:
Man is born free and equal
People have rights to liberty, property and security.
The law must be the same for all.
People have the freedom to speak, write and print what they wished.
'Liberty, Equality and Fraternity'.
Liberty: All people should be free
Equality: All people are equal
Fraternity: All people are brothers
France at War
Tension rose between France and Austria, and war was declared on Austria in April 1792. The French army did badly because it did not have enough soldiers and the officers had gone abroad. When France seemed in great danger as the Prussians joined the Austrians, a huge recruiting campaign was started and thousands of young men joined the army.
The Storming of the Tuileries
There was still a grave danger that the Austrians and Prussians would win and give the king back his old power. The people of Paris were suspicious that Louis and Maire Antoinette were working with France's enemies.
One group was particularly angry - the sans culottes. These were working class people who were strong supporters of the revolution. They got their name because they wore trousers rather than the expensive knee breeches of the better off.
In August 1792, the sans culottes stormed the Tuileries palace, where the king lived. The king and his family were put in prison.
The Execution of the King
Eventually, the news from the battlefields improved as France gained the upper hand over Prussia and Austria. France was declared a republic in September 1792.
Then a hidden safe was discovered in the Tuileries palace. This held documents proving that the king was plotting with other countries to overthrow the revolution.
Louis was put on trial by the Assembly and found guilty by 387 votes to 334.
He was executed by guillotine on 21 January 1793.
His wife Marie Antoinette, was beheaded nine months later.
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