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MUSHROOMS

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by

Elizabeth Harris

on 27 November 2015

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Transcript of MUSHROOMS

MUSHROOMS!
Different types of Mushrooms and the origen
Chanterelles - America
Cremini - Italian
Morels - U.S
Portobello - Italian
Enoki - Chinese
Shiitake - Japanese
Oyster (yellow and pink) - Australia
Button - Australia
Pocini - Italian
Hen of the woods - Japanese (Maitake - means dancing mushroom)
what do mushrooms contain?
100g of raw mushrooms contain:

Energy - 98kj
Protien - 3.6g
Fat - 0.3g
Cholesterol - 0g
Carbohydrate - 1.5g
Dietry Fiber - 2.5g
Thiamin - 0.03mg (27% RDI)
Ribo Flavin - 0.41mg (24% RDI)
Niacin - 4.1mcg (22% RDI)
Folate - 44mcg (22% RDI)
Sodium - 7mg
Potassium - 305mg
Calcium - 2mg
Iron - 0.2mg
Zinc - 0.2mg
Magnesium - 9mg
Salt - 0g
Facts
Industries pick there mushrooms by hand so they can see what are ready and what are not. Most Industries use trays stacked on top of each other to keep light out.
Mushrooms are clasified as fungi
Facts
Some mushrooms are called toadstools and they are poisonous for animals and humans too.
Mushrooms are actually mostly made up of water containing 90% water.

BY: Ruri Wilson
Process
Harvesting
STEP 1: the compost arrives on the growers farm and the growers mix that with the spores









STEP 2: the compost is loaded into the mushroom tunnel for the mushrooms
Process 2
Process 3
Process 4
Process 5
Process 6
STEP 3: The casing arrives to be layered onto the soil for the mushrooms. mushroom casing is essential for the mushrooms formation it helps to hold the water and the root system






STEP 4: A layer of the casing is placed 5cm thick onto the soil
Step 5: The peat gets laid onto the layers of soil and casing which helps to simulate the growth of the mushrooms







Step 6: The ease run is then watered down, the temperature is then dropped to 25 degrees
Step 7: A couple of weeks later the temperature is lowered back to the original heat and fresh air is introduced







Step 8: The mushrooms have to be picked carefully by hand to prevent destroying the mushrooms
Step 9: The root is cut and the mushrooms are placed into punnets






Step 10: The picked mushrooms are placed into a refrigeration room to keep fresh until ready for collection
Step 11: Watering is required between picking the mushrooms






Step 12: Once all the mushrooms are fully grown and picked the soil is sent off to a truck which packages the soil for the markets. If the soil is not removed and more grow that will cause diseases to the mushrooms
There are over 30 types of mushrooms that glow in the dark, the chemical reaction called bioluminescence produces a glowing light known as foxfire.

Before synthetic dyes were made, mushrooms were used for dying clothes, wool and other fabrics. Mushroom dyes are organic compounds that produce bright vivid colour.
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