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Motivation and Learning

Presented at Khalifa University, January 6, 2015
by

Derek Bruff

on 28 April 2015

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Transcript of Motivation and Learning

Motivation and Learning
Derek Bruff / derekbruff.org / @derekbruff
Identify two learning experiences from your past: one in which you felt well motivated to learn and one in which you did not.

Turn to your neighbor and briefly describe the two experiences. What motivated you in the first instance? What de-motivated you in the second?
THE COGNITIVE DOMAIN
THE AFFECTIVE DOMAIN
(How We Think)
(How We Feel)
LEARNING
What motivates a student to learn?
Grades
Jobs
Family
Fear of Failure
Money
Achievement
Teachers
Role Models
Praise
Curiosity
Enjoyment
Extrinsic Motivators
Intrinsic Motivators
(Ryan & Deci, 2000)
Strategic Learning
(Bain, 2004)
Deep Learning
"Capture the Flag," Derek Bruff, Flickr (CC-BY-NC)
"Waterfall Climbing," Ada Be, Flickr (CC-BY)
"Show them the beauty and power of mathematics..."
Option 1:
Option 2:
"Pink Pedal Power," Derek Bruff, Flickr (CC-BY-NC)
"Puzzle," Liza, Flickr (CC-BY)
"Darts," Bogdan Sudito, Flickr (CC-BY)
"Ladybugs in Action," Derek Bruff, Flickr (CC-BY-NC)
Autonomy
Competence
Purpose
Community
(Ryan & Deci, 2000)
(Benkler & Nissenbaum, 2006)
How can we foster intrinsic motivation and thus deep learning?
Return to the personal learning experiences you identified earlier. How were these intrinsic motivators present or not in your experiences?

Turn to your neighbor and discuss.
Case Study:
Application Projects
Case Study:
Field Work
Margaret Rubega, U. Connecticut: http://is.gd/KbKhFO
See also: http://is.gd/T2kybD
And this: http://is.gd/0s55se
Derek Bruff, Vanderbilt U.: http://is.gd/OlsWhp
Case Study:
Low-Stakes Assessments
Peer Instruction
Tips:
Don't have a student's grade depend on a single exam.
Don't grade on a curve.
Allow students to revise and resubmit (some) work.
“Nothing says mastery—seriously, nothing at all—like telling a learner that they get to keep practicing and trying until they get it right.”

James Lang,
Cheating Lessons (2014)
Identify two or three changes you might make in your teaching to better motivate students.

Discuss your ideas in pairs.
See also: http://derekbruff.org/?p=2118
The "Talking About Leaving" project identified 8 factors that led to persistence in STEM fields:
Role models
Quality instruction
Meaningful assessment
Relevant curricula
Inclusive learning environments
Student investment
Additional support for minority students
The message: "Success is a priority."
"spellingbee12," Jeff, Flickr (CC-BY-NC-SA)
Full transcript