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Music History: Baroque
Transcript of Music History: Baroque
Invention of symphony, fugue, concerto and opera Characteristics Lasted from 1600-1750
Creation of concerto, symphony, fugue, and opera musical forms
Creation of many new instruments German composer born to a very musical family
Raised by his musical brother
Master of the fugue, cantata and polyphony
Never traveled outside of Germany
Did not receive fame till 80 years after his death Trivia Had over 20 children, several who became famous composers
Once walked over 50 miles to see the famous organist Dieterich Buxtehude Famous works Little Fugue in g minor Goldberg Variations Mass in b minor Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643) First major composer of the Baroque Era
Bridges Renaissance and Baroque
Became Choir Master of San Marco Basilica in Venice, Italy
Started composing madigrals
Developed opera into a full-fledged style Famous Works L'Orfeo L'Arianna Madrigals Allessandro Scarlatti (1660-1725) Italian Composer
Travels Europe working in different courts
Returns to Italy in 1688 and further refines opera
Creates the Neopolatin school of opera
Son, Domenico, also became a famous composer Famous Works 12 Sinfonia di concerto grosso Cantata pastorale Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632-1687) Born in Italy, moves to Paris a young age
Brings Italian opera to France
Appointed as director of the French Royal Academy of Music by King Louis the XIV
Composes music for operas, ballets and orchestra Famous Works Armide Ballet de la Nuit Te Deum Henry Purcell (1659-1695) First major English composer since Byrd
Worked under the patronage of the kings and queens of England
Brings the "opera craze" to England
Writes important orchestral works Famous Works Dido and Aeneas Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary The Fairy Queen Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) Born in Venice, Italy
Worked as a music teacher at an oprhanage
Famous as a violinist as well
Most known for his instrumental works
Became a priest later in life
Nicknamed "The red priest" Famous Works Four seasons Gloria Concerto for Mandolin George Frideric Handel (1685-1759) Born in Germany
Studied opera in Italy with Alessandro Scarlatti and his famous composer-son Domenico
Was appointed as a court composer in Hanover, Germany
Moved to England
King of Hanover became King of England, Handel still court composer
Famous for his oratorios, operas and orchestral music Famous Works Water Music Messiah Music for the Royal Fireworks What is Baroque? Comes from French meaning "rough pearl"
Starts in Italy, especially Venice
Very extravagant art and architecture