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Sugar and Spice, and NOT Everything Nice

History Channel Presentation
by

Jasmine Rangel

on 17 February 2011

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Transcript of Sugar and Spice, and NOT Everything Nice

Sugar and Spice and NOT Everything Nice 1. The problems faced by Europeans trading in the Middle East in the 1400s. By: Jenna Reinhardt & Jasmine Rangel At first, Europeans did not have much contact with other nations. As the Portuguese created more places to trade, the English and the Dutch stepped in and broke their power in the East Indie area. Other nations such as Japan and China limited the trading ports European nations could go to and some even sealed their borders. Since the European nations are facing difficulty to trade in the Middle East, they need new routes to trade in a better way. 2. The beginnings of the explorations of the Portuguese. Portugual was a very important nation in the time of Exploration. Portugual was the first nation to develop and use the caravel and the compass. They also had many important explorers who made great impacts. Bartolomeu Dias was one of Portugual's most famous explorer; he rounded the tip of Africa. Vasco da Gama lead a ship around Africa and India and back. The Portuguese had also found a sea route to Asia. Portugual also had a good geological position which enabled them to easily explore more lands around the world. Since Portugual has already found their new route for trading, the rivalry nation, Spain, also wants to find new and efficient routes for trade. 3. The decision of Columbus to try a new route. Christopher Columbus convinced the King and Queen of Spain that he could reach Asia by sailing west. The voyage was a very daring one in 1492, however instead of Columbus landing in Asia, he landed on an island of the Americas. Once Columbus landed in Americas, it was the trigger of a European frenzy of New World colonization. These new colonies began to establish many plantations. 4. The establishment of sugar plantations in the Colonies. In the beginning, sugar made its way to Europe from India by Muslim trading routes. It was found by Portugual that sugar plantations flourish best in warm climates. Therefore, when Portugual began to colonize, they began to create sugar plantations; they first attempt to establish one in Azores. Sugar Plantations were high maintenence and needed many people to help work on them and keep them maintained. Therefore, this then called for a need of an abundance of workers. Africa provides nations with a limitless source of slave labor for these sugar plantations. 5. The decision to import forced labor from Africa. Slaves worked as servants, did not have certain rights that others had, and were treated very harshly. At first, in the America's the slaves were Native Americans, but then most of them contracted very deadly diseases and died. Therefore, the Spanish began to import Africans to use for slave workers. This is referred to as the Atlantic Slave Trade. As soon as Spain began to import them, Portuguese increased their demand for slaves. As new colonies begin to form and thrive with their new civilazations, other nations want more land to thrive more. 6. The heated competition for colonies among nothern European countries. New colonies were slowly forming in North America. European powers began to fight for control over North America and force the Dutch to give up their colonies. In 1754 the British and French clash in the French and Indian War. When this war ended, France was forced to give up all it's North American land to England. Goods in the New World are being produced more and more efficiently due to the mass of slave work and the many plantations that are established in the New colonies. 7. The export of new food crops to the Old World helps those continents recover it's population. As the new colonies in the New World begin to grow and be sucessful, they also begin to change thier way of business, all the while the economic systems progress. Capitalism and merchantalism cause the new societies to gain wealth and power. Towns and cities grow larger due to these new developments, while the food supply and nutrition increases causing the population to increase.
The Columbian Exchange was also a major factor in getting food supply around to nations. It was a global transfer or plants and animals that occured during the European Colonization of the Americas. Fin.
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