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The War's End

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by

Amanda Fielder

on 16 May 2014

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Transcript of The War's End

The End of the Civil War
Rebel Money Problems
War is expensive
States did not collect the required property taxes
Money was printed without anything of value to back it.
As the war went on, money was less valuable.
High inflation
Commodity Problems
Confederate army began taking what it needed and leaving IOUs.
People had trouble meeting basic needs
Food and clothing were scarce for the soldiers and civilians
Richmond Bread Riot
"The crowd now rapidly increased, and numbered, I am sure, more than a thousand women and children. It grew and grew until it reached the dignity of a mob - a bread riot. They impressed all the light carts they met, and marched along silently and in order. They marched through Cary Street and Main, visiting the stores of the speculators and emptying them of their contents. Governor Letcher sent the mayor to read the Riot Act, and as this had no effect on the crowd. The city battalion came up. The women fell back with frightened eyes, but did not obey the order to disperse."
Timeline of Surrender
April 9
Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox

April 14
Lincoln
Assassinated

April 26
Gen. Johnston surrenders to Sherman in NC

May 10
Capture of
Jefferson Davis

September 20, 1866
President Andrew Johnson
declares the war officially over.

President Jefferson Davis
Jefferson Davis was captured on May 10, 1865 and spent two years in prison before eventually being bailed out and pardoned. He lived the rest of his life in Louisiana, wrote two books, and enjoyed the company of adoring southerners. He died in 1886 in New Orleans. There are various monuments and memorials to Davis throughout the south, but the title "President of the Confederacy" was left off his tomb.
Alexander Stephens
Stephens was arrested on May 11, 1865 and was imprisoned for five months. When he returned home, almost all of his slaves continued working for him. He was elected to the U.S. House in 1873 and served until 1882 when he became Governor of Georgia. He died in 1883. Stephens County is named for him.
Joseph E. Brown
Joseph Emerson Brown was the Governor of Georgia during the Civil War. He often clashed with President Davis over the issue of states' rights, especially the draft and use of the military. After the war, he was arrested and imprisoned, but he received a full pardon. He served as the Chief Justice of the Georgia Supreme Court and as a U.S. Senator. Brown Middle School is named after him.
Howell Cobb
General Cobb was arrested in Macon on April 20, 1865. He served in various parts of the Confederacy, but when he was captured, he was the commander of the Georgia/Florida district. It was his suggestion that led to the location of Andersonville Prison. After the war he returned to his law practice and received a pardon. He was known for his vocal opposition to Radical Republican policies which, among other principles, advocated total equality for freed slaves.
Robert Toombs
Toombs was born in Washington, Georgia and was a career politician. He served as Secretary of State for the Confederacy and had a brief and unsuccessful military career as a general. He was known for his ill-temper and fiery manner. After the war he fled to Europe but returned to Georgia and resumed a successful law practice. He refused a pardon, so he never regained citizenship. He was a close friend of Alexander Stephens. Toombs County is named after him.
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