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Exploring Social Modeling: Albert Bandura

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Albert Leng

on 17 January 2014

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Transcript of Exploring Social Modeling: Albert Bandura

**Social behaviors can be acquired by imitation--->
Social Learning Theory

-Basically, it means that people learn from
watching others, "models"
-These models can be parents, teachers, etc.

early independent education
University of British Columbia

Graduate school at University of Iowa

PhD in 1952

Albert Bandura was born December 4, 1925
born in a small Canadian town
Exploring Social Modeling: Albert Bandura

Albert Bandura
by Miranda Chen, Sonali Chawla, and
Albert Leng

5 ft tall
returns to upright position when knocked down

Bobo Doll Experiment
subjects: 36 boys, 36 girls
adult model
three groups of 24
control: exposed to no adult model
one group exposed to passive adult
one group exposed to aggressive adults
Stage 1:Modeling
Aggressive group:
1. Children seated in corner with appealing activities
2. Adult brought to other corner
tinker toys, mallet, Bobo doll
3. Adult acts aggressively to doll verbally & physically

: adult model ignores Bobo doll
: no adult model
Stage 2: Aggression Arousal

All groups
1. Children brought to different room
new appealing toys
no adult model
2. Told they could no longer play with toys
built up frustration

Stage 3: Testing imitation
All groups
1. Children brought to room with aggressive & non-aggressive toys

Over All Results
Social Learning Theory;
- In order for people to learn anything, they must pay attention to the features of the modeled behavior
-This theory developed with the Bobo Doll Experiment
The Social Cognitive Theory
based on the ability to maintain behavioral patterns
environmental influence on behavior
Bandura helped develop this theory through his experiment
- Children who observed aggression ----> mimicked aggression in response, where as the children in the non-aggression groups did not show the same aggression

-Same-sex models proved to be more influential for the children than models of a different sex

Results For Girls
- In the aggressive model conditions,
girls showed more physical aggressive responses
if the model was male and verbal if female model

-tended to mimic females more then males

Results For Boys
-Boys were more likely to imitate male models than girls

-Boys imitated more physically aggressive acts than girls,
and were always more aggressive

- little difference in the verbal aggression between boys
and girls
Controversy of Experiment
-Manipulated kids into responding to the aggressive
-Children felt teased and frustrated because they
could not touch the toys
-Unethical and morally wrong as a lot of children
were damaged psychologically because of this experiment
Affects on Research Today
- Led people to dislike the use of children in experiments
- Bobo Doll like experiments are now rarely
used because of the contriversy
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