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EDITORIAL WRITING

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Chloie Lunar

on 16 November 2014

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Transcript of EDITORIAL WRITING

Editorial of Information
Objectives of Editorial Writing
That in all things, God may be glorified!
Qualities of an EDITORIAL WRITER
Why write an EDITORIAL?
TYPES OF EDITORIALS
1. To EXPLAIN and INTERPRET the news, to put it in its proper PERSPECTIVE, to ANALYZE it, to draw CONCLUSIONS from that analysis
2. To PERSUADE the readers to follow a COURSE OF ACTION that the newspaper believes is for the PUBLIC GOOD regardless of the party interests involved.
It seeks to GIVE INFORMATION on facts unknown to the reader.
It restates the facts of news stories or adds other facts with minimum explanation.
It may define terms, identify persons or factors to provide a background.
Chloie I. Lunar 9 - St. Clare
Monday, November 17, 2014
What is an EDITORIAL?
"It is the expression of the people's conscience, cause, and convictions." -Joseph Pulitzer
TYPES OF EDITORIALS
It points out the good or the bad features of a problem or situation mentioned in the news
Its purpose is to influence the reader
It suggests a solution at the end
EDITORIAL WRITING
1. It is the official stand of the newspaper on a relevant development or issue.
2. It is the VOICE of the editorial staff and the readers.
3. It is meant to influence public opinion, promote critical thinking, and sometimes cause people to take action on an issue.
4. It is subjective but rooted from objective facts.
5. It can be written by any member of the editorial board.


1. He/she must know how to write.
2. He/she must be well-equipped with research, facts, and data.
3. He/she must be honest and present facts fully.
4. He/she must have good judgment and is able to distinguish right from wrong.
5. He/she must not be motivated by personal and self-vested interests.
6. He/she must learn to ask for feedback from others.
7. He/she must never write anything against his/her conscience.
8. He/she must consider the opinion of his/her colleagues.
EXAMPLE:

The Need for Population Education

Poverty, high cost of living, school crisis, lack of job opportunities confront common people. Millions of children
are victims of under-nourishment and deficiency diseases that shorten their life and harm their mental development. Due to the failure of parents to send all their children to school, illiteracy rates are high and still increasing.

Many of us have these problems. But very few are aware that excessive population growth is responsible for these
pressures as well as for the lowering of the quality of human resources and development, especially as regards to educational standards.

The inclusion of Population Education in the school curriculum is then the answer to the need of the younger
crop who are bound to face the reality of parenthood in the near future.

Basic cultural values concerning the individual, his family, the society, and the nation can be effectively brought
in to the extent desired through population education.

Finally, creating an awareness about population is a challenge that Philippine education has to face right now.
For time is against us. And time-wasting is resource-wasting.

This idea will help in adopting a small family norm and will ensure good health for the mother, better welfare of
the children, economic stability of the family, and a bright future for the continuing generations.
Editorial of Interpretation
TYPES OF EDITORIALS
It explains the significance of a news event, current idea, condition, or situation, theory, or hypothesis.
EXAMPLE:

Attitude Towards Study

We are in school because we want to learn. Our study is for our
own benefit and not to accommodate someone else. As such we have to relate it to our own aims and ambitions in life.

We should not think of study merely in terms of quizzes, recitations, homework, term papers and
reports. Putting a valuation upon it in terms of five, ten or twenty years from now will give it more meaning to us.

The facts, ideas, principles we acquire now are the stuff with which we will do our thinking in the
future.

Let's remember, too, that how we learn is sometimes more important than what we learn. An
efficient working method will serve us throughout life, but many of the things we learn will just be forgotten. Being systematic about study will do a lot. Habit then comes to our aid. These reminders will indeed help us to have a better attitude towards study.
EXAMPLE:

"Sendong," A Lesson Never Learned

Knowing that our country is in the "Pacific Ring of Fire" and in the path of tropical cyclones, disasters are never a
surprise. One of them is typhoon Sendong which greatly affected Iligan and Cagayan de Oro, leaving 957 dead, 49 missing, and 10,000 houses, schools, roads, and bridges damaged. Is nature really to be blamed by affected residents or their selfish acts that harmed the environment?

Mindanao, specifically in Iligan and Cagayan de Oro, were greatly shocked as they were not used to this kind of disaster.
The worst hit areas were merely under storm signal number two, submerged in more or less three feet of water. Illegal logging is the very cause of the flood, but isn't it ironic that there are still illegal loggers if there are many against it?

Still in the height of the flood, residents refuse to evacuate because of the fear of
their belongings being stolen. Some residents refuse because of inadequate evacuation resources. Does this mean that the government officials help themselves first before those in a life-threatening situation?

Affected residents were distressed in the aftermath of the calamity. Sendong left several homeless, meaning evacuees
would have to spend their Christmases in evacuation centers; some in grief because of their lost loved ones.

In these times of climate change, the government really needs to review evacuation protocols and facilities. Citizens
should also make a change and save the environment to prevent the real shock of these calamities. Prevention is still better than cure.
Editorial of Commendation, Appreciation, or Tribute
TYPES OF EDITORIALS
It praises, commends, or pays tribute to a person or organization that has performed some worthwhile projects or deeds, or accomplishments
EXAMPLE:

Commitment

Determination, self-confidence, and the desire to seek the truth guided our struggle to restore the campus paper.

The Josephine Journal is our victory - a product of the concerted effort of the CAS Wall Journal (CWJ) staffers
and the whole CAS studentry amidst tremendous hardships we encountered along the way.

We rejoice with the studentry in having a paper we have been working towards since last year and a paper
longing for since the CAS-JO Chronicle ceased publication. We are hoping that this paper will serve as our voice in upholding the students' interests which shall be guided by the principles of truth, justice, freedom, and democracy.

Together, we have won a venue to voice our grievances, victories, opinions, and ideas. Together, we will uphold
the freedom of speech in strengthening the unity of the studentry in responding to the call of our times. Together, we will protect the rights we have acquired through our struggle.

This is the commitment of the Josephine Journal.

-Josephine Journal
St. Joseph's College
Editorial of Criticism
Editorial of Argumentation
This is oftentimes called "Editorial of Persuasion"
The editor argues in order o convince or persuade the reader to accept his stand on the issue
EXAMPLE:

Solution: Return to the Basics

Lengthening the elementary school up to Grade VII is not the solution to the poor quality of instruction in the public
school system.

Congress has deplored the proliferation of half-baked products of the present school system. Senator Edgardo
Angara has proposed to add one curriculum year each to both the elementary and high schools.

We believe that this is not the solution to the deteriorating educational system. The best thing we should do is to
return to the basics - the mastery of the three R's - Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic. Only competent and committed teachers should be employed. They should be given higher pay and more incentives and benefits.

No amount of frequent seminars, workshops, and conferences will help.

And let us do away with unnecessary innovations learned by educators abroad which are not applicable to
Philippine setting. There are so many "approaches" but as one President of the Philippine Normal University said, "We never reach."

Also, the added years to the elementary and high school would mean more expenses on the part of the parents.
Editorial of Entertainment
It evokes a smile, a chuckle, laughter, while suggesting truth
Its main aim is to entertain
It is usually short
EXAMPLE:

First Day in School

The first day in high school for pupils who have been used to having all their classes in a single room is rather like
their first day in a big city crowded with different kinds of people. There is confusion and a bewildered cry never heard of before.

On our own first day of high school, we were elbowed about from one room to another, usually losing our way and
arriving late,

Then we were told that the section in which we had final found our way was too large, that we must find another
room on a different floor.

When we got on the wrong stairway, the older pupils laughed. When bells rang for classes to begin, we would stand
still; and when they rang for dismissal, we would sit still.

By the end of the first day, we had decided that higher learning was no good and we might as well quit.

Yet, as you see, we are still here; so we must have changed our minds.
Mood Editorial
It presents a philosophy rather than an argument or an explanation
The subject matter is oftentimes nature or emotion
Editorial for Special Occasion
EXAMPLE:

Christianity, a Woman with a Child

A woman knocked at the gate with a boy in her arms.

"What sort of people are they?"

"Very untidy," the man said, "And they are begging!"

"Give them one peso," ordered the master of the house. He thought he had done his duty.

"They aren't interested in money. They want food. They say they are hungry."

"Well," the man laughed. "I never knew that beggars could be choosers these days. Let them go if they wish to. This is not a restaurant."

It was then that he heard the voice of his heart. A woman with a boy in her arms - Madonna and child.

A Christian - which he believed he was - had no business driving them away.

And his thoughts went back to the word Jesus told his disciples. "As long as you did it for one of these, the least of my brethren, you did it
for me. If I, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet, how much more ought you to wash one another's feet?"

Christianity is a Woman with a Boy in her arms.

She is waiting at the gate.
It explains the significance of a special day or occasion
EXAMPLE:

New Year Thoughts

New Year is the finale of the Yuletide Season which is accompanied by the spirit of joy and goodwill tha can only be
understood, never fully explained. It is enough to feel the spirit of it - that which illumines our souls - the spirit that transforms into reality that Christmas message,"Peace on earth to men of goodwill."

When Jesus was sent to redeem mankind, the three kings offered Him the choicest of gifts of their kingdoms and
since that time, the Season has been the time to give, to receive. And man has since left what pleasure it is to give and what joy to receive.

New Year is an occasion and reason for showing the fine sentiments that we feel. It is the time for renewal of
friendships, for making bonds of kinship stronger and firmer.

New Year's time is the most fitting time to bury all grudges. Between friends, neighbors, classmates, relatives, co-
workers, it is the time to forget all wrongs suffered and all injuries received, to let bygones be bygones.

This constitutes the real essence of the Season. Love, the greatest and finest of man's sentiments must reign in all
hearts.
Parts of an EDITORIAL
Introduction
It can be a striking statement or attention-getter, a quotation, a summary or thesis statement, a question that poses attention, or a narrative.
It states the problem or the news peg with the reaction.
It is the most important structural element in the story.
It is usually one short paragraph.
Body
It summarizes the major points.
It strengthens your stand.
It should have an impact on the readers.
It is also called the punch line or the clincher.
If the preceeding lead and body have have been well organized and carefully written, the conclusion may be omitted.
Conclusion
Unlocking the Door to the Future

In a fast-changing world, technology is no longer considered a luxury but a standard. Before, we would often
think that users of technology such as computers and cellphones live a life of comfort. Now, because technology has become a common trend, the government has made it a standard for education. If schools will consider technology for faster learning like teachers using projectors and laptops in teaching, will this mean a higher cost of good education for all, including the less fortunate students?

According to former Department of Education Secretary Jesli Lapus in his talk given at Certraport's "Champions
of Digital Literacy," technology in education is essential for the development of the nation's future. Nowadays, the technology used by most students are found in computer shops and cyber cafes. There is also a need to provide I.T. accessibility to students in far-flung areas.

The government is not even providing yet the basic things that a school should have like books, chairs, and
buildings. Yet, they want to implement the usage of technology which costs more than twice of what we actually need. They must also implement laws to avoid people from abusing this kind of technology, since it can be found anywhere and can contain any kind of information.

With proper handling and responsible usage, technology in education will prosper, but only if all their needs are
met.
It should mold your opinion.
It supports or justifies your reaction in the introduction.
It is usually two or three short paragraphs.
EXAMPLE:

Christmas, a Woman with a Child

A woman knocked at the gate with a boy in her arms.

"What sort of people are they?"

"Very untidy," the man said, "And they are begging!"

"Give them one peso," ordered the master of the house. He thought he had done his duty.

"They aren't interested in money. They want food. They say they are hungry."

"Well," the man laughed. "I never knew that beggars could be choosers these days. Let them go if they wish to. This is not a restaurant."

It was then that he heard the voice of his heart. A woman with a boy in her arms - Madonna and child.

A Christian - which he believed he was - had no business driving them away.

And his thoughts went back to the word Jesus told his disciples. "As long as you did it for one of these, the least of my brethren, you did it
for me. If I, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet, how much more ought you to wash one another's feet?"

Christianity is a Woman with a Boy in her arms.

She is waiting at the gate.
EXAMPLE:

New Year Thoughts

New Year is the finale of the Yuletide Season which is accompanied by the spirit of joy and goodwill tha can only be
understood, never fully explained. It is enough to feel the spirit of it - that which illumines our souls - the spirit that transforms into reality that Christmas message,"Peace on earth to men of goodwill."

When Jesus was sent to redeem mankind, the three kings offered Him the choicest of gifts of their kingdoms and
since that time, the Season has been the time to give, to receive. And man has since left what pleasure it is to give and what joy to receive.

New Year is an occasion and reason for showing the fine sentiments that we feel. It is the time for renewal of
friendships, for making
POINTERS IN WRITING AN EDITORIAL
Make the editorial interesting enough to read.
Write simply and directly. Sentences and paragraphs should be comparatively short.
Be impersonal and sincere rather than "smart"
Present facts rather than mere opinion.
Be authoritative but do not preach, scold, or moralize.
Present both sides of an issue and clarify tricky aspects with a widely understood analogy or with an illustration that makes for easier understanding.
No double meanings
Organize all data into well-reasoned arguments, with each argument leading up to the conclusion; must reflect clear, logical thinking
Subject matter must be relatively short.
Avoid the first person, "I." Use the editorial "We"
Accomplish your purpose
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