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Ap Enviromental Science :4.02 Demographics

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by

Chris Kurien

on 4 December 2013

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Transcript of Ap Enviromental Science :4.02 Demographics

4.02 Demographics
Argument against Population Policy
Why Should we have a Population Policy?
Bibliography
"Overpopulation: Not a Problem Now, and Never Will Be." Fight Aging! N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2013. <https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2006/09/overpopulation.php>.
"Overpopulation." ConserveEnergyFuture. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2013. <http://www.conserve-energy-future.com/causes-effects-solutions-of-overpopulation.php>.
Why Should we not have a Population Policy?
America should not have a population policy because it is morally wrong and has many undesirable consequences. America is pictured as the land of freedom. We do not have restrictions on many things. Our Declaration even states that we have the right to "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness". So limiting children would be taking away a couple's pursuit of happiness. Also as seen by China's one child policy there are many negative side effects. Including people favoring one sex, leading to infanticide of a gender. Ot the sterilization of women, which would cause many problems. As in the case with the Arbuckles of Michigan, limiting their children amounts would be devastating to them and would be taking away their rights as an American Citizen.
Concerns about overpopulation have been increasing over the past few years. But why and what exactly is overpopulation? Overpopulation is a condition in which the number of humans on the planet exceed the carrying capacity of the earth. So why is this a major problem? When the earth becomes overpopulated, a few side effects take place. First with more people in the world there is an increase in the overall consumption of resources, which translates into less resources like food, clean water and fuel. Next more
Argument for Population Policy
people means that it will be easier for diseases to spread. Also the degradation of land, air and water with increased pollution .Overpopulation also results in a loss of habitat and biodiversity and consequent mass extinctions and climate change. All these side effects decrease the quality of living, leading many to come to the conclusion that overpopulation is a major problem.
Effects of
Overpopulation
Scare Resources
Ex. food, clean water, fuel, etc
Increase in Spread of Diseases
Degradation of land, air, and water with increased pollution
Loss of habitat and biodiversity and consequent mass extinctions

Climate Change
vs.
The united nations predicts that the global population will be just over 9 billion people by 2050. The United States needs to take action now to help reduce the population. We can look to China as an example of population policies. Since implementing its one-child policy in 1979, China has stabilized and reduced their population growth rate. Which to this date is the most dramatic reduction of birth rate in the world. This therefore has had a positive impact on the standard of living and helped China transition from a Stage 2 to a Stage 3 on the demographic transition model. Also having a population policy will limit families from having too many kids which means that there will be more resources available. For instance the Arbuckles of Michigan have 19 children, with one more on the way. This is unfair in that the resources that their family needs is equivalent to that of 5 families with 4 members each. If more and more people decide to have 20 kids then America will be in trouble. Having a population policy ensures that resources will not run out and that population is controlled.
While some people believe that overpopulation is a serious problem, others believe that it is rather minor. Some believe that we "create change in response to our environment; our self interest leads us to constantly strive at the creation of new resources where old resources are becoming scare and expensive" ("Overpopulation: Not a Problem Now, and Never Will be"). So basically since humans want to survive we will always be finding and inventing new resources to replace the ones we've used. For example windmills, hybrids, etc. So just as in the past, people will believe that overpopulation will destroy the earth, but in reality humans will find ways to counter the effects of lost resources.

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