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Industrialization, Immigration and Urbanization in the Late

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David Koos

on 4 November 2013

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Transcript of Industrialization, Immigration and Urbanization in the Late

Industrialization, Immigration and Urbanization in the Late 1800s and Early 1900s
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
A Technological Revolution
Following the Civil War, advances in transportation, communications, & electric power changed daily life in the United States.
Walmart
How would Walmart achieve vertical consolidation?




How would Walmart achieve horizontal consolidation?
Changing Nature of Work
Abundant, Low-Skill – Low Wage Jobs
Controlled Working Conditions
Skilled work became Obsolete
Piecework, Division of Labor & Taylorism
Sweatshops
10+ Hour workdays / 6 Days a week
“Company Towns”
Child Labor & Working Women
Impact on Family Life
Urban slums emerged around factories

Urbanization
Key Factors Behind The Urbanization of America
Industrialization / Technology
Immigration
Natural Population Growth
Growth of Railroads
Restrictive Laws Against African Americans

1st Morse Code Telegram Sent in 1844
1856
Helped Mass Produce Light, Flexible, Stronger Steel
Transformed Architecture & Engineering
Brooklyn Bridge
Empire State Bldg
Bessemer Process Makes Steel Stronger & More Affordable
Networks of Railroad
Fosters National Markets
Lowered Production Costs
Created Time Zones to Help With Efficiency & Safety
Transcontinental Railroad is Completed in 1869
1876
Alexander Graham Bell
invents the telephone
1881
Refrigeration
Appliances
Fans
Thomas Edison develops
the electric light bulb
Telegraph & Telephone allowed millions to communicate over wires
Western Union
THE GROWTH OF
BIG BUSINESS
CAPTAINS OF INDUSTRY
Factories produce a wide variety of goods for consumers
Many new jobs are created
Improved Standard of Living for Many
Philanthropy
Wealthy industrialists fund charities, libraries, and universities

ROBBER BARONS
Workers face low wages and poor working conditions.
Monopolies keep prices high, and drive small companies out of business
Periods of expanding prosperity are often followed by economic hard times

THE GROWTH OF
BIG BUSINESS
Vertical Consolidation
Horizontal Consolidation
Robber Barons v. Captains of Industry
Individual or Paired Assignment
Pick A Modern Day Industrialist / Business Leader / Corporation / Etc.
Research & Explain how this individual or corporation exemplifies both a robber baron and captain of industry
Create two political cartoons that show your selected person or corporation in both positive and negative ways
Share your information and cartoons in a Prezi for the class

Finish your cartoons!
Scan them
Upload them into your presentation
Add Real Images of your Company or Individual to your presentation
Examples of their Robber Barron activities & philanthropy
Prezis / PPTs Due 10/29

The New Immigrants
Primarily Eastern and Southern Europeans
Italians
Hungarians
Poles
Russians
Eastern European Jews

Asia
Chinese
Japanese

Americas
French Canadians
Mexicans



PUSH.....
economic depression, religious persecution and war (conscription)

PULL
jobs, land, peace and freedom
How the Other Half Lives
Muckraker Book of the late 1800s
Written by Jacob Riis
One of the most important books in US History
Exposed the horrible conditions of NY City's Tenement Slums
Reform
Full transcript