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Adlerian Theory

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Supriya Chatterjee

on 21 April 2014

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Transcript of Adlerian Theory

Class Activity
Lifestyle Assessment
I am _______________. Others are ________________. The world is __________________. Therefore, in order to have a place to belong, I ________________.
Adlerian Theory
Briana Anderson
Katie Clark
Lindsey Moosey
Supriya Chatterjee
Eidetic Imagery
Guided Imagery
Early Recollections
Social Interest

A thorough lifestyle assessment- serves as a guide to the therapeutic process
Occurs in the first three stages of treatment
Early memories are critical in assessment
In addition-
description of symptoms
description of current and past functioning in the domains of love relationships, friendships, family, school, and work
Family of origin
Health problems
Previous therapy
Guided Imagery
Use of mental imagery to change the negative imprints of childhood family members that weigh heavily on a client and often ignite feelings of guilt, fear, and resentment
a. Use in middle stages of therapy when the client knows change in behavior is a good idea, but needs extra push to take action
Eidetic Imagery
use of visual imagery to access vivid symbolic mental pictures of significant people and situations that are often charged with emotion
a. Use in middle stages of therapy when the client knows change in behavior is a good idea, but needs extra push to take action
Role Play
Offers clients opportunities to add missing experiences to their repertoire (i.e., the support and encouragement of a parent), and to explore and practice new behavior in a safe space
a. Use in middle stages of therapy

b. Good for group setting because client can participate in healing experiences with group members and group members can increase their own feelings of community by contributing to the growth of peers

Early Recollections
technique in which clients are asked to recall early memories. Used for uncovering valuable hints and clues in finding the direction of a person’s striving
a. They help reveal values to be aimed for, dangers to be avoided, and corroborating evidence of a client’s lifestyle
Early Recollections
How to: ask client to think about their life before the age of 10 and share a memory that plays like a video and has a feeling connected to it

i. If you could assign a feeling to that entire memory, what feeling would you give it?
ii. If you could take a picture or freeze a certain frame of the most vivid part of that memory, what would it be?
iii. What feeling would you give to just that snapshot of the most vivid part?
iv. Collect at least three ER’s, connect themes, and interpret themes for information stated above

Social Interest
encouraging clients to volunteer or contribute to their communities in some way
a. The purpose is to help clients reconnect with the outside world in a way that will leave them feeling better about themselves while also helping others
The Adlerian Perspective
• Stresses the need to understand individuals within their social context
• Embraces a holistic-humanistic theory of personality
• Is future Oriented (rather than past-oriented)
• Focuses on the inherently social nature of people
• Adler coined the term “feelings of inferiority”
• We each live by a certain style of life (Lifestyles) which encompass our attitudes and belief systems

The Holistic-Humanistic Approach:
• Holistic psychology is multidimensional, combining the theoretical and practical approach
• It includes all aspects of the person – physical, mental, and spiritual, and pays attention to the physical and social context of the individual
• Humanistic psychology (sometimes referred to as the “third force”) emphasizes the study of the whole person
• It also emphasizes personal agency and free will in making our own choices
• Holds an optimistic view of human nature, with the belief that we are innately good

Future Orientation of Individual Behavior
• Adler believed that our behavior is purposeful and goal oriented
• He believed that all people have the essential goal of striving for significance, superiority, or success within our social world, although this goal is often not consciously thought of – much of our behavior is oriented towards how to belong
• A person’s goal may be influenced by hereditary or cultural factors, but essentially comes from the creative center of the individual, therefore is unique
• Poorly adjusted individuals strive for the goal of personal superiority (being better than others)
• A healthy adapted individual strives towards the goal of fulfilling one’s own potential as part of the greater social system

The Inferiority Complex
• Feelings of inferiority may stem from early experiences of humiliation, a physical condition, or a general lack of social feeling for others
• When we feel inferior, we overcompensate for our perceived weaknesses
• Example: Children may believe (mistakenly and not consciously) that they belong only when they are the center of attention
• Adler believed that inferiority and overcompensation stemmed from an exaggerated concern with one’s self, and could be overcome by encouraging the individual to cooperate and contribute to their greater social community
• “A misbehaving child is a discouraged child” – when we feel encouraged, we harbor more self efficacy, security, and belonging

• A set of attitudes and assumptions which help guide a person through their perception and interpretation of life; a consistent pattern of dealing with life
• Emerges in the first 6 years of life
• Shaped by development and life events
• Mistaken perceptions can cause problems and difficulties (inferiority)
• The Adlerian perspective aims to help individuals gain a clearer understanding of their unconscious, inferiority-based belief systems, and work towards a greater connectedness and willingness to contribute to the welfare of others
Full transcript