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The Evolution Of Art

10 Art Movements
by

Mal Akin

on 23 June 2013

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Transcript of The Evolution Of Art

THE EVOLUTION OF ART
EXPRESSIONISM: 1905 - 1925
small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, empasizing the depiction of LIGHT.
art of the outside world, realistic scenes, capturing moments in daily lives.
Modernity, as their subject matter, replaced mythology and biblical scenes
Expressing perceptions of nature, rather than creating exact representations.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir; "Bal du moulin de la Galette"(1876, Paris)
ARTISTS OF THIS TIME: IMPRESSIONISTS
Claude Monet
Edgar Degas
Pierre-August Renoir
Camille Pissarro
Berthe Morisot
Mary Cassatt
Alfred Sisley
Gustave Caillebotte
Armand Guillaumin
DURING THIS ART MOVEMENT:
Christopher Scholes invents the first modern Typewriter in 1867.
J P Knight invents traffic lights in 1868.
Eadweard Muybridge invents the first moving pictures in 1877.
American Anti-Slavery Society (AASS) (1833–1870) was formed in America
use of intense color, agitated brushstrokes, and disjointed space
strongly impose the artist’s own sensibility to the world’s representation
distorting reality for an emotional effect
spread to many art forms including painting, literature, film, architecture, and music
The Scream by Edvard Munch inspired the twentieth century Expressionist artists
Edvard Munch; The Scream, (1893)
ARTISTS OF THIS TIME: EXPRESSIONISTS
Max Beckmann
Otto Dix
Lionel Feininger
George Grosz
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
August Macke
Emil Nolde
Max Pechstein
DURING THIS ART MOVEMENT:
1905: Albert Einstein published the Theory of Relativity and made famous the equation, E = mc2.
1906: William Kellogg invented Cornflakes.
1914 - World War I begins in Europe
1917- U.S. enters World War I
first style of abstract art, created by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque
emphasized two-dimensionality (geometricity)
rejected the use of traditional techniques
developed new techniques such as faceting, "passage" and multiple perspective
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, Pablo Picasso,1907
ARTISTS OF THIS TIME:
CUBISTS
Georges Braque
Pablo Picasso
Jean Metzinger
Albert Gleizes
Robert Delaunay
Henri Le Fauconnier
Fernand Léeger
Juan Gris
DURING THIS ART MOVEMENT:
1909: Robert Peary Becomes the First to Reach the North Pole
1911: Mona Lisa stolen
1912: The Titanic sinks
1913: Personal Income Tax introduce in U.S.
aimed to represent ALL of reality - not just rational thought
founded by French writer and poet Andre Breton
aimed to free people from false rationality and restrictive customs
developed art technique called automatism, creative force of unconscious art
Salvador Dalií, The Persistence of Memory (1931)
ARTISTS AT THIS TIME:
SURREALISTS
Paul Eluard
René Crevel
Robert Desnos
Jacques Baron
Pierre Naville
Roger Vitrac
Max Ernst
Salvador Dalií
DURING THIS ART MOVEMENT:
1920 - Women granted the right to vote in U.S.
1921 - Lie Detector Invented
1922 - Insulin discovered
1928 - Bubble Gum invented
emphasis on spontaneous, automatic or subconscious creation
new technique of dripping paint onto a canvas laid on the floor
use of huge canvases
attempt to transfer pure emotion directly onto the canvas
Jackson Pollock, No. 5 (1948)
ARTISTS OF THIS TIME:
Jackson Pollock
Willem de Kooning
Franz Kline
Lee Krasner
Robert Motherwell
William Baziotes
Mark Rothko
Barnett Newman
DURING THIS ART MOVEMENT:
1941: Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
1945: Microwave Oven invented
1945: U.S. drops bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
1947: Polaroid Cameras invented
imagery from popular culture such as advertising and news
employs images of popular as opposed to elitist culture in art
emphasizes "Kitsch", a style in art and design using cultural icons
Flat imagery influenced by comic books and newspaper photographs
ARTISTS OF THIS TIME:
Roy Lichtenstein
Andy Warhol
Robert Indiana
George Brecht
Richard Hamilton
Edouardo Paolozzi
Peter Blake
DURING THIS ART MOVEMENT:
POP ART: 1950 - 1960(Britain, U.S.1951: Color T.V. introduced
1953: DNA discovered
1958: NASA was founded
1964: Civil Rights SURREALISM 1920 - 1930(Paris)Act passed on U.S.
used cameras and photographs to create a painting
evolved from Pop Art
resulting artworks are direct copies of original pictures
style: precision, reflections, geometricity
Richard Estes, "Telephone Booths" (1968)
ARTISTS OF THIS TIME:
Richard Estes
Ralph Goings
Audrey Flack
Robert Bechtle
Chuck Close
Duane Hanson
Tom Blackwell
Charles Bell
DURING THIS ART MOVEMENT:
1968: Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated
1969: Neil Armstrong became the first man on moon
1972: Pocket calculators introduced
1974: U.S. Presiden Nixon resigned
the concent of "beyond a subjective psychological polarized view of reality"
evolution of consciousness
sometimes considered as "sacred art"
art expressed the dissimulated frustrations and struggle of the unconscious self
Giorgio de Chirico, Ettore e Andromaca (1973)
ARTISTS OF THIS TIME:
Giorgio de Chirico
Caspar David Friedrich
Rene Magritte
Albert Savinio
Mario Sironi
DURING THIS ART MOVEMENT:
1975: Microsoft founded
1975: Civil War in Lebanon
1979: Sony introduced the "Walkman"
1980: Pac-man video game released
introduced net art, digital installation art, and virtual reality
can be purely computer-generated
2D and 3D computer graphics
computer-generated animations for films
Irrationnal Geometrics digital art installation 2008
by Pascal Dombis
ARTISTS OF THIS TIME:
Joseph Nechvatal
Andy Goldsworthy
Ron Mueck
Martin Puyear
Marc Quinn
Louise Bourgeois
Tony Cragg
DURING THIS ART MOVEMENT:
1991: Collapse of Soviet Union
1992: Official End of Cold War
1997: Hongkong returned to China
2001: Wikipedia is launched
INSTALLATION ART: 1970s - PRESENT
artistic genre of three-dimensional works
can either be temporary or permanent
incorporates a broad range of everyday and natural materials
constructed in interior and exhibition spaces
designed to transform the perception of a space
Rachel Whitread, Embankment at Tate Modern, London (2005-2006)
ARTISTS OF THIS TIME:
Allan McCollum
Wolf Vostell
Angus Fairhurst
Liam Gillick
DURING THIS ART MOVEMENT:
2001:Apple launches iPod
2005: YouTube is launched
2006: Pluto as "dwarf" planet
IMPRESSIONISM: 1867 - 1886
(France)
(Germany)
CUBISM: 1908 - 1914
(Paris)
SURREALISM 1920 - 1930(Paris)
ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM: 1940 -1960
(NYC)
POP ART: 1950 - 1960(Britain, U.S.
PHOTOREALISM: 1960 - 1970(U.S.)
METAREALISM: 1970-1980(Europe)
DIGITAL ART: 1990 - PRESENT
Artistic Periods/Styles in Modern and Postmodern Art
By: Malak Akinlabi
Introduction

I chose to present the topic of how art has evolved because I am interested in examining the change of ideas in artwork over time and comparing styles and ideas from the present and the past. I thought that the audience would appreciate learning about what visuals and art styles were popular back then and how they have been improved upon or added to over time. This presentation will mostly focus upon Modern Art (late 1850's to 1970's)and Postmodern Art(1970's to present).
What is "Art"?
In the 11th—12th century, Webster’s defined “art” as a "
Skill at doing anything
as a result of knowledge and practice...”

In the 16th century, little had changed-"Art or cunning every country nourisheth... [that] is to say, [artists are] cunning men, and such as have
any faculty or science
, whether so ever they go shall lack no living..."
But, in the 18th century Art was a "A pursuit or occupation in which skill is directed toward the ratification of taste or
production of what is beautiful
."

These quotes/definitions show a change in attitude about the way art and artists are viewed in society. It marks the 18th century as the time when modern ideas and veiws on visual art started taking place.
The Purposes of Art
Probably the oldest-
Religious Ritual
ex: Cave Paintings of France, Sistine Chapel. Church was always primary patron of artists
.

Propaganda or social commentary
- ex: WWII propaganda in Europe, specifically in Nazi Germany. The U.S. also used propaganda to get women to join the war effort (Rosie the Riveter).
Recording of visual data
- ex: The extremely realistic ways of artists during the Renaissance. Various pictures of royalty being crowned.
Creating beauty
- Self explanatory. But within the modern world of art, the idea of beauty is challenged extensively.

Storytelling
-Artists use the pictures to carry plots and to illustrate novels.Norman Rockwell could tell subtle and powerful stories about normal people and events using just one picture, proving the phase "a picture is worth a thousand words"

Interpretation of Subject Matter
-Subject matter does not change all that much over time. Although new subject matter has evolved, the human condition, nature, and events still continue to capture the attention of artists. The way we interpret the subject matter however, has changed extensively as time has progressed.
Renaissance vs. Modern
Had a very specific set of
rules and critique
that if strayed from, could lead to
condemning
or
scandalizing
of art.
Most artists in the era were concerned with how to make their art more realistic but in a more typically beautiful way. Valued for their
technique and accuracy
, not particularly for innovation on creativity.
Religion is the most common subject
interpreted and is the most common use of art
Literally means "rebirth". Remaking of styles from Ancient Greece and Rome.
Because of patronage system
did not have total control over what, when, and where they produced.
Popular Modern artists sought in many ways to
directly rebel against classicism.
For example, cubism, social realism, and abstraction were born of this sentiment and are, stylistically, quite the opposite of classicist images.
Modern artists produced works in an era that has been commonly labeled as a
break from the traditional patronage system.
While patronage did still exist, the most popular artists, such as Marcel Duchamp and Jackson Pollock,
sought to break away from what they felt to be a system of control.
Unlike Renaissance artists, they had
total control over what, when, and where they produced.
What Modern artists chose to depict varies widely, from historical and mythological figures to basic shapes or
complete abstraction.
Conclusion
In conclusion , this presentation was meant to enlighten the audience in the ways that art has progressed and changed over time and to make them think about the origins of the art they see around them. I believe that it is very interesting to see the way that people have changed and thought about subject matter to create groundbreaking, interesting, and well thought out pieces of artwork that challenged peoples expectations.
Works Cited
http://char.txa.cornell.edu/art/introart.htm
http://www.techno-impressionist.com/evolve.htm
http://www.ehow.com/about_6611038_traditional-vs_-modern-art-paintings.html#page=0
http://www.ehow.com/how_8373407_compare-modern-artists-renaissance-artists.html
Glossary
Index
Marilyn Monroe- Andy Warhol (1962)
Modern Art- 1860's-1970's art
Tone- Depiction of Light
Gradient- Light to dark
Reniassance- "Traditional art
Art Periods-Time period of art
Art Era- Time period of art
Creativity-Driving force of an artist

Modern Art-
Tone-
Gradient-
Reniassance-
Art Periods-
Art Era-
Creativity
Full transcript