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Birth Control

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Sarah Francois

on 21 September 2017

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Transcript of Birth Control

BIRTH CONTROL
WHAT IS BIRTH CONTROL?
Also known as "contraception" and is any method used to prevent pregnancy.
BIRTH CONTROL METHODS
MOST EFFECTIVE birth control is:
NOT HAVING SEX.
AKA
ABSTINENCE!
This is the only method that can provide
100%
guarantee of no pregnancy and no STI's.
THE NEXT BEST THING?
PROTECTED SEX!
BIRTH CONTROL
METHODS
Basically, contraceptives fall into one of two categories depending on how they work:

1. HORMONAL

2. BARRIER
HORMONAL

No egg released = no pregnancy.

Examples: the pill, the shot, and ring.

Require a prescription, through doctor or clinic.
Currently only works for females.
Doesn't protect against STI's.
BARRIER
These methods act as a wall to sperm from reaching the egg.

There are barrier methods for girls and boys.

Both can be purchased at a drugstore without a prescription.
They protect against STI's.
DIFFERENT METHODS OF HORMONAL
BIRTH CONTROL
IMPLANON
THE IUD (INTRAUTERINE DEVICE)
THE SHOT (DEPO-PROVERA)
BIRTH CONTROL PILLS
THE RING (NUVARING)
THE PATCH
IMPLANON
This small implant is inserted into a woman's arm just below the skin
It prevents a woman from releasing an egg and thickens cervical mucus.
Can be used for up to three years
This method is great because you don't have to think about it. You always have it in you and only have to worry about when you get it replaced.
Effective:
just over 99%
of the time (with typical use)*You must see a medical professional to get Implanon.
DOES NOT protect you from STIs.
THE IUD (INTRAUTERINE DEVICE)
An IUD is a small, flexible, "T"-shaped device that is inserted into a woman's uterus.
Can be made out of copper or contain a hormone.
Can be used for up to ten years.
Effective:
just over 99%
(with typical use)
You must see a medical profession to get it inserted.
Do not protect against STI's.
THE IUD
THE SHOT (DEPO-PROVERA)
A hormone injection (progestin) given to a woman every three months.
Prevents ovulation and most women stop having their period after a few months (but it returns when they go off of Depo).
It requires visits to a clinic or office every three months when you need a new one.
Missing a shot or delaying your shot schedule will lessen the effectiveness

Effective:
94% of the time
(with typical use)*
You must see a medical professional to get Depo.
DOES NOT protect you from STIs.
BIRTH CONTROL PILLS

They work by releasing hormones that prevent ovulation and increase cervical mucus which blocks sperm.
They should be taken at the same time everyday and you’ll get your period at the end of each month before starting the next pack of pills.
Many versions of the pill are available and they’re all a little different; different levels of hormones, different types of side effects, etc.

Effective:
91% of the time
(with typical use)
You must see a medical professional to get a prescription for the pill.
The pill DOES NOT protect you from STIs.
"THE PILL"
THE RING (NUVARING)
Is a thin, flexible ring about 2 inches wide that contains the same hormones that are in birth control pills (and works the same way). The woman inserts the ring into her vagina where it is held in place by the vaginal walls (neither she nor her partner can feel it). It stays in for three weeks, slowly releasing hormones, and you take it out for the fourth week, when you’ll have your normal period. After that fourth week, a new ring is inserted. A prescription is required to get the ring, but you can insert and remove it yourself.

Effective:
91%
of the time (with typical use)*
You must see a medical professional to get a prescription for the ring.
The pill does not protect you from STIs.
NUVARING
THE PATCH (ORTHO EVRA)
The patch (Ortho Evra) is a patch that contains hormones.
It’s like a sticker and a woman places it on her skin where it releases the hormones which her body then absorbs.
It can be worn pretty much anywhere—a woman’s butt, belly, arm, or upper torso.
Each patch is worn for a week and then replaced
The fourth week is "patchless" and is when you’ll get your period; after that week, the cycle of patches begins again.
Effective:
91%
of the time (with typical use)*
You must see a medical professional to get a prescription for the patch.
The ring does not protect you from STI's
METHODS OF BARRIER
BIRTH CONTROL
CONDOMS- MALE AND FEMALE

THE SPONGE

THE DIAPHRAGM

EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION
CONDOMS
Condoms (for males) are thin latex or animal skin cover that are rolled down over the penis.
Female condoms are bigger and have rings to keep it open. They are inserted into the vagina and line the inside so no sperm can get to where an egg could be fertilized.
Condoms should be put on before genital contact and not taken off until after sex is over.

Effective: male condoms -
82% of the time
(with typical use)
Female condoms -
79% of the time
(with typical use)
You can buy male condoms in most drugstores, online as well as find them in clinics. They might be the most easy-to-find method out there (The ECLYPSE washroom!)

Female condoms are available in some drugstores, online, as well as in some clinics.
Condoms are the
ONLY
form of birth control that can protect you from
most
STI's, including HIV.
THE SPONGE
The sponge is a round, foam circle about 2 inches in diameter that you insert it into the vagina before having sex.
It not only blocks the cervix so sperm can’t get through, but it also kills sperm by releasing spermicide.
Each sponge is one-time use and one-size-fits all.

Effective:
between 76% and 88%
of the time (with typical use)*
You don't need a prescription to get the sponge—you can buy it at some drugstores or online.
The sponge does not protect you from STIs.
THE DIAPHRAGM
The diaphragm is a shallow, flexible, dome-shaped cup that’s made of latex.
Before sex, you insert it into your vagina; it basically covers the cervix and makes it tough for sperm to reach an egg.
The diaphragm is most effective when it’s combined with some kind of spermicide.
Diaphragms are a little tricky because they actually have to fit your body—you’ll need to see a doctor to be "sized" but once you have one, you can use it for up to ten years (talk about a good value!).

Effective:
88% of the time
(with typical use)*
You must see a medical professional to get sized for the diaphragm.
The diaphragm DOES NOT protect you from STIs.
EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION (EC)
Emergency Contraception (also known as EC or the
morning after pill
) is a safety net—a way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex because you DIDN'T use birth control or your method failed.
It’s not meant to be used as regular birth control because it’s not nearly as effective as other methods in preventing pregnancy and it has high levels of hormones that ARE NOT meant to be taken over and over again.

The sooner you take the pills, the better. EC is considered a BACK UP plan, not a regular birth control method!
THINK ABOUT IT
The most effective birth control of all: Not having sex. It’s the only ‘method’ that can provide a 100% guarantee of no pregnancy and no sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Bottom line: No sex, no pregnancy. And even though it may seem like everyone’s doing it, that’s just not the case…the truth is some people are, some people are not…and some people are just plain lying. Less than half of high school teens have had sex. But if you and your partner decide to have sex, do the smart thing and STAY PROTECTED. Think about the different options we just discussed or visit a clinic to ask a doctor. We are not here to tell you what you should and shouldn't do. We just want to provide you with enough information to stay healthy and safe. Just something to think about.
DEBATE TIME!!!

True
or
False
??

True or False???
1. you won't get pregnant if you have sex standing up
2. if the girl is on top she can't get pregnant
3. you can't get pregnant you have sex in a hot tub or a swimming pool
4.you can reuse a condom
5. a girl can get pregnant during her period
6. drinking Mountain Dew will prevent pregnancy
7. if you both are virgins you can't get pregnant
8. pulling out can still cause pregnancy
9. using your friend's birth control pills will prevent pregnancy
10. if the guy and girl do not orgasm at the same time , the girl cannot get pregnant
11.the pill is effective from the first time you take it
12. peeing after sex can prevent pregnancy

Resources In Your Community
Healthy Sexuality Clinics
- located behind the library near Bramalea City Centre.
- Provides free condoms, other birth control methods (at a reduced price), free pregnancy, STD and HIV testing, counseling and safe needle exchange.
What do you think
of the clip?
TIPS FOR CONDOMS
The main reason condoms fail is because they are used incorrectly.
Use water-based or silicone- based lubricants on condoms and not oil- based ones. The oil in the lube can cause the condoms to break.
Wear your size!
Never re-use a condom.
Always make sure there are no air bubbles trapped in the condoms. Air can cause breaks!
Remove immediately after activities are done.
When in doubt, refer to the condom wrapper or box to see exactly how to put them on.
But What About
Flavoured Condoms & Lube?
Flavoured Condoms & Lubes
Flavoured condoms and lube are usually made for oral stimulation. Always check the box before using for vaginal intercourse.
Sometimes the sugars and flavourings found in condoms or lube can irritate the vagina or cause infections.
Resources In Your Community
Brampton Life Centre
Located at the corner of Vodden and Kennedy, beside the huge church (KRT).
Offers free pregnancy tests.
Offers counseling, support groups (for teen parents, abortion recovery, parenting).
Referrals to other agencies.
Extremely non-judgemental.
Has the Care Closet for parents in need of baby clothing and supplies.
Resources in Your Community
Bramalea & Bovaird Walk In Clinic
Offers pregnancy testing
STD testing
Has free STD treatment services
Provides birth control pills.

Discussion:
Never forget that condoms have expiry dates. They are unsafe to use after the date printed on them.
More importantly...
Never carry condoms in your wallet, back pocket or glove compartment! The friction or heat of those areas can cause the condoms to become weak or break!
What should they teach in school: birth control methods or abstinence- only education?
Is this effective?
What did they teach in your school?
These methods release specific amounts of hormones (something our body makes on their own as well).
This prevents a woman from ovulating (releasing an egg for fertilization).
Full transcript