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Acton v. Vernia

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Caleb Bilodeau

on 16 January 2013

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Transcript of Acton v. Vernia

12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Acton v. Vernonia First Reason Second Reason Third Reason Acton v. Vernonia LAST BUT NOT LEAST Welcome Random Drug testing of high school athletes does not violate the reasonable search and seizure clause of the Fourth Amendment. High school athletes in the Vernonia School District were taking drugs and stared becoming leaders of the drug culture . The students were speaking out in class, bragging about taking drugs and how the teachers could do nothing to stop it and were becoming a danger to others. School officials believed that drugs increase the risk of sport-related injury. So the Vernonia School District of Oregon adopted the Student Athlete Drug Policy which authorizes random urine drug testing of there athletes. The policy said that during the season, 10% of all athletes were selected at random for testing. James Acton, an athlete student, at Vernonia, refused to participate in the Student Athlete Drug Policy because he believed that the policy was violating his Four and Fourteenth Amendment. He also thought the policy violated his rights in the Oregon Constitution. By doing so he was not following the school policy and was kicked out of participating in school athletics. His parents went to court about this policy and the supreme court accepted the case in 1995. By Caleb Bilodeau Does random drug testing of high school athletes violate the reasonable search and seizure clause of the Fourth Amendment? Essentail Question Essential Question According to the Fourth Amendment you are guarded from unreasonable searches or seizures. But by testing athletes at random does that really violate the Fourth Amendment? The 14th amendment says that states must provide equal protection to all people.

When students take a urine test, the school is only looking for drugs and not for any other medical concerns the student may have. The drug test that the urine is screened for is a standard test. Tests are taken randomly and are not varied according to a students race or background in order to provide equal protection to all students. The results of the tests are shared only to school personnel who have a need to know. THANKS FOR WATCHING Lets take a closer look. Conclusion Random Drug testing of high school athletes does not violate the reasonable search and seizure clause of the 4 Amendment and does not violate the 14 Amendment. Because taking urine tests is a medical exam the school must do to protect the athletes while playing sports. The tests are taken at random and are not varied according to a students race or background in order to provide equal protection to all students and not single a specific person out. When the urine sample is taken it is similar to a student using a public restroom which does not violate their privacy so it is not unreasonable. The main point is that schools must do whatever it takes to protect students/athletes safety even if it means that outweighs a single students rights. www.supremecourthistory.org www.oyez.org TH THE FINAL REASON Privacy expectations are even lesser to students who participate in school athletics. Athletes are required to "suit up" before each practice or event and shower and change afterward. Public school locker rooms are known for not very much privacy. The locker rooms in Vernonia are like many other schools: no individual dressing rooms the shower heads are lined up along a wall, not separated by any curtains; not even all the toilet stalls have doors. It is important to understand that when obtaining the urine sample the procedure taken is nearly identical to a student using a public restroom. Any privacy interest regarding a urine test is found not to be an unreasonable search. www.law.cornell.edu resources Resources Schools are allowed to bend the rights that the general public may have. This is done in order to conduct certain procedures to keep students safe and remain in control. Students who voluntarily participate in athletics must go though physical and medical examinations. This is to ensure that they are healthy enough to join sports. A urine test is just another medical exam needed by the school to participate in athletics. This test is necessary to keep athletes safe while playing sports and to prevent less injury on the field. It has been proven that athletes taking drugs have expierenced more injuries while practicing and competing in sports. TH TH
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