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Modern Asia :)

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Kodey Gross

on 30 September 2014

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Transcript of Modern Asia :)

War
Environment
- 65% of the land is degraded in some way, there is litter everywhere. There is 1 billion people disposing trash anywhere because they don't deal with trash.

- Wetlands and lakes are in danger because of chemicals from industrial waste. Millions of people are dependent on this water and could get sick by using it or drinking it. There is also a problem of overfishing due to lack of legislation enforcement.

-Sewage is pumped into the ocean and hundreds of miles of coral and other sea life are being destroyed because of offshore drilling.

-55- 85% of water is from underground sources. It is an urgent problem because hundreds of millions of people could be left without suitable water.

- Forests are being chopped down for housing (population growth) and industries. Poaching is also a problem in the forests.


- India was developed around 2500 BC by the Indus Valley Civilization.

- By 500 BC, northern India was a civilized land.

- India's golden age was around 600 BC.

- At the time it was made up of 16 dynasties and it was spread out to modern day Afghanistan and Bangladesh.

- India's name comes from the Indus River.

- It was ruled by Portuguese, French, and British. India won independence in 1947 CE.

- India is the birthplace of four of the world's major religions; namely Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism.
Modern Asia
Vietnam
India
South Korea
Japan
loser
North Korea
A Lack of Necessities
China
Tensions between North Korea and south Korea has been shaping this region for the past 50 years
- Based on the poverty line, 46% of rural Indians are poor and 82% of that don't have fresh water, food, and shelter.

- Many households have to travel 5km or more to get drinking water. Village houses have to drink from wells that may not have suitable water to drink.

- The population is supposed to increase from 340 million to 590 million by 2030. India may not have enough resources for the population.

- Part of the problem could be distribution and management because there is a lot of issues with leaks.
Population: 126.4 million
Major religions: Shintoism, Buddhism
Capital: Tokyo
Major language: Japanese
Life expectancy: 80 years (Men), 87 years (Women)
Head of state: Emperor Akihito
Prime minister: Shinzo Abe
The 38th parallel is the North/South Korean border protected by American troops to keep the peace between these neighboring countries
Communistic/Socialist
Leader: Trương Tấn Sang
Currency: Vietnamese dong
Population: 88.7 million
Education
Economy
- Different grades are having to learn together in one classroom. There can be up to 80 kids in a class at one time.

- Few students get to go to a university because there is such bad education there. in 2010 there was only 3% of kids went to a university.

- Many families are in deb because they pay for private schools. They may have limited income or they didn't even go to school themselves.

- India has the highest number of people who can't read or write.

- Girls are less likely to attend school then boys. Sometimes in certain households it is a priority for boys to go to school.
Drug smuggling
Tobacco smuggling is growing at a great speed in this region because of the amount of profit these smugglers are making
Recently a heroine smuggler from America was given 30 to life after being captured by authorities
Military Situation
Shortly after two Filipino cocaine smugglers were also given the death penalty for being caught with over 11 kilos of cocaine
Education
Military Situation
Economy
Economy
In 2013 the global recession greatly impacted Vietnam. It decreased labor and prices on goods entering the area went up at an alarming rate.
- Food and property prices are rising and it is reducing living standards of people who don't have money in the first place.

- The Central Bank of India have been trying to reduce prices and are willing to raise the interest rate but it could cause problems. They need a high growth rate to rise living standards.

- Imports grow faster than exports and they need to attract capital flow. They need to re balance the economy and improve on their exports.

- Lending has occurred more as prices rise. They have risen 30% in the last year.

- Economic growth hoped to bring the poor above the poverty line. The poor have not yet found a benefit from the economic growth. The poor are more and more aware of the disparity between rich and poor.

- More than 78 million homes don't have electricity and 268 million people live on less than one dollar a day.

- Businesses with more than 100 employers can't fire workers without the government's permission.

- Agriculture has 17.4% of the economy's output but 51% of the work force is employed there. It is the most inefficient sector of the economy.

- Now India has fallen behind China, which is a comparable economy.
Joining the World Trade Organization in 2007 pushed for a more competitive, export oriented way of business. This caused Vietnam to become an official negotiating partner in the Trans- Pacific Partnership trade in 2010
Between 2008-2011 the Dong's ( Vietnam's currency) value was decreased by 20%
Society and Culture
Vietnam attempted to reform their economy by presenting a " Three Pillar" system in 2012. This has made very little progress and their economy continues to face challenges on their undercapitilized banking sector
Man power available: 41503949
Men and woman
16-49
Branches of Defense
Peoples Army
Peoples Navy
People's Air and Air Defense Force
Border Defense/Coast Guard

Over 11% below the poverty line
GDP exchange rate is 170 billion
Accused by Cambodia of cross-border military activities and has been building up forces around the border which has sent Cambodia on alert
North Korea's economy has been on a steady decline for the past 20 years.
The GDP per capita, according to the CIA world factbook is about 1,800 but that very generous. It's supposed to be around $800-900, says the professor at Kookmin University in Seoul, South Korea.
North Korea has not published economic statistics for more than 50 years ago.
South Korea's central bank, generally considered to be the most reliable source of info on North Korea economic situation, estimates that the economic growth averaged 1.3 percent over the last 15 years in North Korea through the rate has been known to fluctuate significantly from year to year.

Japan's economy shrinks 1.3% in June
Japan's top three trading partners are China, United States, and South Korea
The top three exported goods are: motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, and electrical machinery
Third largest economy
Economy
Education
The Environment
The lack of competition among educational suppliers. There is barely any diversity in educational theories, school books and other materials
Free time lost by examinations wars. Students attend cram school, come home at 10 o'clock at night, and feel fatigue in their daily lives.
Japanese education reject individual differences. They reject the idea that some students learn slower than other.
New Social discrimination in the educational field. teachers don't stop the problem of and school rejection unless some measure are taken to dismantle the structure of government.
The Japanese educational systems do not develop unconventionality nor creativity.
Environment
Society and Culture
History
The most famous war in North Korean history would be the Korean war. This war took place from the year 1950 to 1953. It started as a civil war between North and South Korea. It later turned into much more than that when the the conflict went international. The U.S. came to South Korea's aid, reluctantly. North Korea was aided by the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union. This invasion was the first military act of the Cold War. Then when it ended, over 5 million soldiers and civilians had lost their lives.
China is the world's largest source of carbon emissions.
China is responsible for a third of the planet's greenhouse gas output and has of world's twenty most polluted cities. Life expectancy in the north has decreased by 5.5 years due to air pollution, severe water contamination, and scarcity have compounded land deterioration problems.
China has always had a problem with pollution.
Military situation
Branches: Republic of Korea Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force
Manpower available: 25618290
Men and women
age 16-49
Getting help from the U.S. to protect from invasion from North Korea
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Republic
President: Park Guen-Hye
Currency: South Korean Won
Population: 49.4 million
Economy
Economy
Environment
The Asian financial crisis during 97 and 98 showed weaknesses in South Korea's economy
Environment pollutions in Japan has accompanied industrialization since the Meiji period
Only 36% of Japanese household are hooked up to sewers
In 1960 rivers in Japan were by household waste water, sewage, ad other pollutants.
Around some river water, children came down with a bone disease that deformed their limbs.
Thinking to come from China, photochemical smog including, ozone, nitrogen oxides, and hydrocarbon, react to sunlight creating ozone.
Photochemical smog is derived from vehicle exhaust, factory smoke and other sources. Symptoms of this smog are headaches, loss of consciousness, coughing, and eye irritation.

The Chinese culture is one of the world's oldest cultures.
They refer to themselves as "The Middle Kingdom" because
Since China is a communist state they have no official religion.
All Chinese must show "face". This translates to honor, good reputation, and respect.
The four subjects of face are: Their deeds have to be exposed to others, show respect, avoiding mistakes and showing wisdom in action, and to increase themselves through others.
It is critical not to loose face or cause the loss of it.
Chinese will not cause someone else public embarrassment. They will also stay quiet instead of disagreeing with someone.
Handshakes are the most common way to greet foreigners. They will look towards the ground when they greet someone.
The first period of time in Chinese history that was recorded was the Shang Dynasty. Opinions about when it began range to mid-18th to the mid-16th century B.C.E. The Shang people were nomadic people who lived off the land, and were skilled workers in bone, jade, ceramics, stone, wood, etc. As time passed, they started to settle on farms instead of traveling everywhere. They created a social pyramid, like many other ancient cultures . All of this began China's existent
The first President of China was Yuan Shihkai. He was elected in 1912 by the members of China's first National Assembly in Nanjing. When Yuan Shihkai died, the country was torn to pieces by war first brought by homegrown warlords, then, foreign powers, and in the end by a brutal battle for China. There was finally a little peace in China in the mid 1950s.
Capital: New Delhi
Weather: There are four seasons in India. They are - Cold weather, hot weather, rainy season and the season of the retreating south-west monsoon.
Official Language: Hindi
Population: 1,236,344,631
Religion: Hinduism
Population: 1.252 billion
The North Korean area is lifeless and barren. According to Joris Van der Kamp, a Dutch soil scientist, the landscape is basically dead.
There's barely any wildlife except for a few birds.
The farmers have to trudge through half-frozen streams to collect nutrient-rich sediments for their fields.
Mountains make up most of the country's landscape. Only 15% of land is available for agriculture.
The ecological ruin is partially responsible.
The lack of decent landscape threatens national stability .
They are usually only able to grow rice.
Government
- According to its constitution, India is a democratic republic. Like the United States, India has a federal form of government. However, the central government in India has greater power in relation to its states, and has adopted a British-style system.

- The legislatures of the states and union territories elect 233 members and the president, Pranab Mukherjee, appoints another 12. The members of the Rajya Sabha serve 6-year terms, with one-third up for election every 2 years. The Lok Sabha consists of 545 members, who serve 5-year terms; 543 are directly elected, and two are appointed.

- India has 28 states which have a presidentially appointed governor, who may assume certain broad powers when directed by the central government.
Supreme leader: Kim Jong-un
Capital: Pyongyang
Climate: temperate with rainfall concentrated during the summer
Population: 24,851,627 (July 2014 est.)
Languages: Korean
Religions: traditionally Buddhist and Confucianist, and some Christian

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History
War
- India had three wars with Pakistan.

- In 1965, India and Pakistan had their second conflict. They fought over who would get the states, Jammu and Kashmir.

- Pakistan's government thought the states were theirs but they went to India. It got so bad the UN had to step in and help the two.
Education

Education
China is the largest educational system in the world
9.39 million students took the China's National Higher Education
Since then South Korea's economy has been growing at a rapid rate.
2012-2013 the economy slowed a bit but it is still on the verge of being an economic superpower.
China is the largest educational system in the world
9.39 million students took the China's National Higher Education Examination in June
China invests 4% of their total GDP in to education.
China passed an educational law in 1986 that stated that nine years of education was mandatory for all chinese children.
China has increased its proportion of its college-age population in higher education to over 20% from 1.4% in 1978.
Teaching has historically been and remains today a highly respected profession in China.
Scholars believe the history of education in china can be traced back at as the 16th century. During the late "Xia Dynasty". Throughout this period, education was a privilege of the elites.
Government
In 2011, GDP per capita was $8,300 and the Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) was $11.29 trillion. Then in 2013, the GDP per capita was $9,800 and the PPP was 13.39 trillion.
In the first quarter of 2013, China's economic growth has slowed to 7.7 percent.
Renminbi is the People's Republic of China's official currency
President:Xi Jinping
Prime Minster: Wen Jiabao
Capital: Beijing
Climate: diverse, tropical in south and subarctic in the north
Population: 1.357 billion (2013)
Language: Standard Chinese or Mandarin etc.
Religion- Freedom of religion is not recognized everywhere but the state recognizes Buddhism, Christianity, Muslim, Hindu, Jewisjh
Triangle
Vietnamese children go to half days of school for 12 years before going off to college
In need of reforms much like the health sector of the country
Higher institutes are struggling in providing well rouded education
History
Northern Vietnam was owned by China for thousands of years which has impacted the culture there greatly
Late 19th century Vietnam was a French colony
History
Kim ll- Sung ruled from 1948 until he died in 1994 and was the first leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
North and South Vietnam were split into Republic (south) and Communist (north)
North tried to reunite the two govenments but war broke out and Americans got involved
The President and vice president are elected for a five year term and then are eligible for a second term.
Works cited
A BRIEF HISTORY OF VIETNAM." A Brief History of Vietnam. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2014.
"Vietnam." Economy: Population, GDP, Inflation, Business, Trade, FDI, Corruption. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2014.
DEYDRA LIVES HERE
Children are being kidnapped and traded for adoption; women, of ages 17-25, are being lured into the tight grip of the sex trafficking world and men are given false promises of a better world, job, and life if they migrate to China then when they do it's forced labor.
In 2005, 61 percent of the 250 million children, ages 5 to 14, working in developing countries were in Asia. Many of these children live in china. They usually work in sweat shops which are workshops where they are verbally and physically abused. They suffer extreme exploitation, and are paid less than they're daily expenses, so they are never able to save any money.

Since the late 1970s, China has moved fro, a closed, centrally planned system to a more market-oriented one that plays a major global role.
In 2010, China became the world's largest exporter.
In 2013, the gross national savings were 50%
*communism- a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
Since the 16th century, China has been the most productive and sophisticated society.
Although they were so productive, in the 1700-1800s when the confrontations started between the Western military, the Chinese military technology was extremely inferior to the Western military technology. They lost the confrontations and were forced to sign "unequal treaties" that open the Chinese ports first to the Europeans, then to America and next, to Japan.
A series of natural disasters and different rebellions that lasted from 1851 -1901 left China unable to provide to its huge population.
All of these problems led to the collapse of the Qing Dynasty in 1911 so they needed a republic.
Forces led by Sun Yat-sen wanting a republican government established Kuomintang (KMT) or Nationalist Party in 1912.
In the 1920s some Chinese found an explanation for China's subjugation by the imperialist powers and hopes for China's eventual liberation in Marxism. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was formed in 1921 to promote revolution based on Marxist principles. The CCP gained strength by calling for united resistance against the Japanese and by experimenting with land reform.
After the end of WW II with the defeat of Japan in 1945, a civil war continued between the Nationalists and the Communists over the right to lead China's political and economic development and reestablish China's position in the world. On October 1, 1949, the Chinese Communist Party, under the leadership of Mao Zedong, proclaimed the establishment of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
North Korea has many types of school systems.
The general school system is the main school. Then there are secondary schools, higher education and special purpose schools.
Some of the classes have 2 levels and start at different ages.
If reported for a crime, you and your family could end up in a political prison camp. There is 5 prison camps that each hold 80,000 to 120,000 people.
People practicing or spreading religion in secret can be executed in public or sent to a prison camp.
These camps have existed five times as long as Nazi camps. Many people who go to the camps are not guilty of a crime but their relative was.
North Korea was nicknamed the "Hermit Kingdom" because they are so secretive. They haven't even talked to the National/World Bank in over 50 years.
Private life and individual freedom is extremely limited.
Jobs are assigned bey the state according to: its judgement of family rank, ability, qualifications. Heavy industry is usually assigned to men and light industry to women. It is not acceptable for one to freely change their occupation. Everything must be decied by higher authority.
If any family member commits an anti revolutionary crime then other members of the family will be demoted as well.
a woman's status is not equal to the man's especially when it comes to having a political career. Women are not allowed to wear trousers unless they work in a factory because its considered unfeminine.
North Koreans hardly have freedom of religion.
North Korea is split into nine provinces and nine military districts.
All media; such as radio, television, and news organizations are controlled and heavily censored by the government.
North Korea has been trying to develop economic relations with South Korea.
During Postwar Korean governments tried to reunify the Korean Peninsula but until 1971 they had no contact or communication.
Government
It is illegal for them to leave the country without permission from the government and they will reject visitors to the capital unless you live there.
Even though the government officially claims that North Korea is a classless society and has gotten rid of feudalism and capitalism it is clear it still uses classes and castes to this day. The highest ranking family in North Korea is Kim Il Sung's family and relatives,the fist leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Then his old comrades and their families. Next are the families of the Korean War veterans and Anti-South Korea sabotage police. The children of these classes are usually educated and have better career opportunities .
North Korea's government is made of a presidency, a central government that is divided into various departments and local governments.
Ever since Kim Il Sung's death, the first leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Kim Jong Il, his son, has the supreme authority in the Worker's Party of Korea which has the largest decision- making power.
North Korea's closest allies are China and Russia.
If you are traveling somewhere else in the country, you have to have a specific reason
a Huffington Post journalist went to the North Korean capital, Pyongyang, and visited one of its kindergarten classes. On the wall was a poster of bright-eyed children brandishing rifles and bayonets as they attack an American soldier, his face bandaged and blood spurting from his mouth. The slogan written across the top says, "We love playing military games knocking down the American bastards," then it instructs,
"Let's wipe out the U.S. imperialists,"
The ages range from four to 21.
The special purpose schools are for talented children and children from the elite class. It consists of revolutionary school (age 5 to 15), schools for arts and sports (6 to 18), schools for foreign language (age 10 to 18) and schools for science (10 to 21)
North Korea may be the poorest nation in East Asia.
The government officials take bribes, leaching off the hard work of North Korea's entrepreneurs and private workers.
According to the most recent estimates, about 75 percent of North Korean household income now comes not from the state but from assorted private economic activities such as their own food stalls, make clothes, footwear ans even counterfeited Chinese cigarettes. They make this in unofficial workshops and they also trade.
The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), or North Korea, is a centralist state that conducts its affairs on the basis of "Juche", a constitutionally enshrined ideology characterized by the goals of independence and self-reliance.
In the Mid-1990's there were severe famines and floods
The large-scale military spending draws off resources needed investment and civilian consumption.
Education
After the Korean war, North Korea built up a large military. Their goal was to unify South and North Korea, by force if necessary. The Soviet Union supplied them with supplies and fighters, but 25 years after almost all of it is obsolete.
Shares best education systems with Finland
Highest international test scores and graduation rates
North Korea remains a major threat to the stability and security in Northeast Asia. It is also the country to involve the United States in a large scale war.
Zhao, Emmeline. "Best Education In The World: Finland, South Korea Top Country Rankings, U.S. Rated Average." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 27 Nov. 2012. Web. 21 Sept. 2014
China has been a socialist country since 1949
The Chinese Communist Party has the right to make broad decisions on economic properties and policies.
In the early 1950s, the government created China's foreign trading system
The People's Republic of China is a socialist republic ruled by a single party, the Communist party. China's Communist Party was founded 1921 by revolutionaries.
The North Korean military and nuclear weapons situation has always been the main focus point of people's thoughts of North Korea.
China's one-child policy was introduced in 1979 as a population control policy. It stated that, if you lived in an urban area, you could only have on child. If you lived in a rural area, you could have two children if and only if the first child was a girl. If this was not followed, the parents could be served with a fine. This is the most likely the reason for China's gender imbalance. After recent calculations, it was estimated that by 2050 about a quarter of the population would be 65. So due to that and the increasing unpopularity of the policy, China has since let up.
The History Channel. "The Korean War" www.history.com/topics/korean-war, Web 20 Sept.

The World Factbook. "North Korea" www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kn.html, Web
History
Only established about 65 years ago in 1948
Created by the division of Korea at the 38th parallel
Went from one of asia's poorest countries to one of their most wealthy in the 60's
Part of the "Four Tigers" in asia ( Singapore, Hong Kong Tawain, and South Korea)
"History of South Korea." Princeton University. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2014.
Climate: Tropical almost all year round
religion: Buddhism
Relgion: Buddhist and christian
Climate: A dry winter with a hot summer, much like a continental climate
www.hindustimes.com
www.economicshelp.org
globaledge.msu.edu
www.panda.org
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