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Life Cycle Assessment - Cup of Takeaway Coffee

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by

Jo Maran

on 10 January 2014

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Transcript of Life Cycle Assessment - Cup of Takeaway Coffee

Coffee
Cup
Milk
Life Cycle Assessment
Cup of Takeaway Coffee
Impacts

Methane emission
: released by cows through belching or flatulence
Carbon emission
: carbon footprint 17.6 pounds of CO2 per gallon (freight and distribution)
Water pollution
: disposal of organic waste without treatment
Land conversion
Recommendations for Greater Sustainability
REFERENCES
Source
: http://www.sustainability-ed.org.uk/pages/look4-1.htm
Source
: http://conversation.which.co.uk/consumer-rights/recycling-disposable-coffee-cups-starbucks/
Source:
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2011/oct/18/coffee-cup-takeaway-recycling
Impacts


Impacts

Growing demand
- under investment
- poor production practices
- adverse climatic conditions
Land conversion
as a result of the need for increase in production
Environmental impact of
new technologies
to speed up production
Small profit margin
of small producers
Sustainable production programs
Preference for Fair Trade certified coffee
Treatment of waste water
Use of greener transportation vehicles
Reusable cups
Recycling cups
Water pollution and deforestation (paper manufacturing)
CO2 emissions
Water waste
Loss of natural habitat
Usually not completely recyclable
Solid waste in landfills
Barłowska, J., Szwajkowska, M., Litwińczuk, Z. and Król, J. (2011), Nutritional Value and Technological Suitability of Milk from Various Animal Species Used for Dairy Production. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 10: 291–302. doi: 10.1111/j.1541-4337.2011.00163.x

Where good comes from, (2012). What’s the Carbon Footprint of a Gallon of Milk? [online] Where good comes from. Available from: <http://dairygood.org/whats-the-carbon-footprint-of-a-gallon-of-milk/> [Accessed 08 January 2014].

WWF. Sustainable Agriculture: Dairy. [online] WWF. Available from: <http://worldwildlife.org/industries/dairy> [Accessed 08 January 2014].

Silverman, J. (2007). Do cows pollute as much as cars? [online] HowStuffWorks.com. Available from: <http://science.howstuffworks.com/zoology/methane-cow.htm>  [Accessed 08 January 2014].

International Coffee Organization. Developing a sustainable coffee economy. [online] International Coffee Organization. Available from: <http://www.ico.org/sustaindev_e.asp> [Accessed 07 January 2014].

Rice, R., (2003). Coffee Production in a Time of Crisis: Social and Environmental Connections. SAIS Review. 23 (2), 221-245. [online] Available from: Project Muse. <http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/sais_review/v023/23.1rice.html> [Accessed 08 January 2014].

Haight, C., (2011). The Problem with Fair Trade Coffee. [online] Stanford Social Innovation Review. Available from: <http://www.ssireview.org/articles/entry/the_problem_with_fair_trade_coffee> [Accessed 09 January 2014].

Galliers, L., (2011). Where will your coffee cup end up? Not in the recycling. [online] Which.co.uk. Available from: <http://conversation.which.co.uk/consumer-rights/recycling-disposable-coffee-cups-starbucks/> [Accessed 08 January 2014].

Gangemi, J., (2013). Using LCA to Grade Starbucks: Sustainable Innovation or Greenwashing? [online] Earth Shift. Available from: <http://web.earthshift.com/blog/bid/258686/Using-LCA-to-Grade-Starbucks-Sustainable-Innovation-or-Greenwashing> [Accessed 09 January 2014].
Source
: http://greenstarbucks.wordpress.com/2007/07/19/reusable-vs-disposable-cups/
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