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The French and Indian War

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Alana Baboolal

on 16 March 2013

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Transcript of The French and Indian War

AKA The War of Conquest The French and Indian War (1754-1763) The Cause The growth of English Colonies created tension between the English and the French causing conflict. The Buildup King William's War (1689-1697) Queen Anne's War (1702-1713) King George's War (1744-1748) Deerfield Massacre 1704 Albany Plan of Union - All of the events mentioned in the last slide were conflicts between the French and the British which led up to the French and Indian War. The Buildup - The Albany Plan of Union was when the Congress renewed the alliance with the Iroquois Indians as their enemies were the Hurons (Indians) who were in an alliance with the French in Albany, New York. - This plan of union wanted the colonies to be united but the colonial legislatures and the King rejected it because they feared they would lose their power. -This shows that the Americans wanted to become united as one, but the people with higher powers wanted to stay powerful which helps to make a base for American Nation. The French and Indian War Begins The French and the
Hurons The British and the
Iroquois VS. 1754 Great Meadows (Fort Necessity) - The French take Fort Necessity from the British - George Washington and his troops go to the Great Meadows and build Fort Necessity. - George Washington later becomes the first president of America. - George Washington is forced to surrender and leave the Ohio Valley. 1755 - British General Edward Braddock tried to take Fort Duquesne from the French. - He brought 1400 British regulars and 450 colonials - Benjamin Franklin warned him to watch out for surprise attacks by the Indians, but he did not listen. - Therefore, as a result he failed to take Fort Duquesne from the French. - Braddock expected the Indians to have good war etiquette, but the French and Indians attacked from behind and he was killed along with other men 1756 - Great Britain and France officially declare war on each other. Declaration of War 1757 - William Pitt became British Prime Minister - He strengthened the British army by promoting younger men rather than older and promised the colonists that England would pay the costs of supporting the army while they would supply the men. - This helped the British affairs take a turn for the better. 1758 - The British seize Louisbourg which opens up the route to Canada - British Lt. Col. John Bradstreet took Fort Frontenac from the French on Lake Ontario. - When Fort Frontenac was taken this cut the French lines and they had to leave Fort Duquesne where the British captured it and later named it Fort Pitt (Pittsburgh) - The British had more success in this year. 1759 - The Battle at the Plains of Abraham - The English surprised the French at the Plains of Abraham and took Quebec from the French - The French tries to take back Quebec in the winter but fail. 1760 - French Gov. de Vaudrevil of Montreal surrendered his town to the British - Montreal went into the hands of Great Britain. 1763 - The war is over - The Treaty of Paris was signed between Britain and France - France gave Britain all of Canada - All land between the Mississippi and the Appalachian Mountains that belonged to the French went to the British This war and its events and results impacted the American identity/nation because it shows how the Americans supplied the British with soldiers and shows how they helped in the success of the British and helped to expand and populate the colonies. In Conclusion...
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