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forms of prose

elements of literature
by

Nanees Elmegairy

on 18 September 2014

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Transcript of forms of prose

What are the forms of prose?
Objectives
Learn about the elements of prose by reading a variety of texts
Compare and contrast elements across multiple texts
Forms of prose
Some types of fiction
Short story:

short work of fiction in which a few characters move through a series of events(plot)
Novel:
In a novel you meet characters, explore many themes, encounter many conflicts, and probably subplots unfold within the large plot

Novella:
Is a work is longer than twenty pages but shorter than one hundred pages (short novel)
Folk tale:
Is a story with no known author that has been passed on from one generation to another by word of mouth, They usually teach a lesson and often contain fantastic elements or events that could not happen in the world as know it
Essay and Article:
Short pieces of prose that discuss a limited topic.Some people write about simple things such as eating ice cream cone. Others write long essays about complex topics such as freedom(to explain something, to persuade, to deliver information, or even to make you laugh.
Biography
:
Long type of nonfiction , is a story of a real person’s life, written by another person.
Elements of fiction:
Characters: are the imaginary people or animals in a story
Plot: is the series of events in a story
Setting: is the time and place in which a story is set this may or may not be made up
Point of view: is the vantage point from which a story is told in First person point of view one of the characters using the personal pronoun “I” is telling the story. In third person or, omniscient point of view, the narrator knows every thing about the characters and their problems.Many works of fiction convey a theme, which is universal message about life
Elements of Nonfiction
is about real people, events, or ideasIt is told from the point of view, or perspective, of the author. It presents facts and ideas.It may mention the historical context of the subject-information about the society and culture of the time
Knowing the difference between fiction and nonfiction is important to help you anticipate what you’ll find in a text.Once you know you are reading a short story, for example, you’ll be expecting characters, conflict, and a theme –you won’t be looking for personal opinions or factual accuracy that you’d expect to find in an autobiography.
Reading for purpose As a skilled reader you set a purpose for reading
Compare and contrast:When you compare, you look for similarities, when you contrast, you look for differences.
When you read, you might compare the traits of two important characters or a confrontation at the beginning of a story to a confrontation at the end
Venn Diagram
Helps you reorganize similarities and differences
How to set a purpose for reading?
Before you read, you need to choose a purpose for reading. Previewing a text will help you set a purpose.Look at the text’s title, headings, and illustrations. They often reveal reasons for reading it. See the chart below
Activating prior knowledge:
When you read an unfamiliar topic, you can increase your comprehension by using you prior knowledge (Recall what you already know to help you understand something new” own experience other information you’ve heard or read.
Chronological order:
Most narrative texts, true or fictional, are written in chronological order (to put events in sequence
Fish cheeks
It explains that the use of personal pronoun such as “I” and “my” is an indication of an autobiographical account.The word (appalling) in the last sentence indicates the author’s personal opinion. The presence of personal opinions is a characteristic of autobiographies.Because of the length and scope, ”Fish cheeks” is considered a personal essay rather than a full autobiography.Fish cheeks is a short work that covers one particular incident in the author’s life.
Autobiography:
Longer type of nonfiction, is the story of a person’s life, written by the person.
Nonfiction
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